Nika Gilauri

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Nika Gilauri
ნიკოლოზ გილაური
Nika Gilauri 2012.jpg
Prime Minister of Georgia
In office
6 February 2009 – 4 July 2012
President Mikheil Saakashvili
Preceded by Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Succeeded by Vano Merabishvili
First Deputy Prime Minister of Georgia
In office
December 2008 – 6 February 2009
Prime Minister Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by David Tkeshelashvili
Minister of Finance
In office
7 September 2007 – 6 February 2009
Prime Minister Zurab Noghaideli
Lado Gurgenidze
Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Preceded by Mamuka Nikolaishvili
Succeeded by Kakha Baindurashvili
Minister of Energy
In office
17 February 2004 – 7 September 2007
Prime Minister Zurab Zhvania
Zurab Noghaideli
Preceded by David Mirtskhulava
Succeeded by Alexander Khetaguri
Personal details
Born (1975-02-14) 14 February 1975 (age 39)
Tbilisi, Soviet Union
Political party Independent
Alma mater Tbilisi State University
University of Limerick
Temple University

Nika Gilauri (Georgian: ნიკოლოზ [ნიკა] გილაური, pronounced [nikʼa ɡilauri]; born 14 February 1975) is a Georgian politician who was Prime Minister of Georgia from 6 February 2009 to 30 June 2012. He had served as Minister for Energy (2004–2007) and Minister for Finance (2007–2009) and First Vice Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Georgia (2008–2009).

Education and early career[edit]

Born in Tbilisi, Nika Gilauri graduated from Tbilisi State University, where he gained Bachelor of Arts in International Economics. He pursued education at the University of Limerick, in Limerick, Ireland where he studied Economics and Finances and gained an MA in International Business Management from Temple University, Philadelphia, USA. In 1999, Nika Gilauri worked for Dublin International Financial Centre as well as in the fund management corporation Invesco, as a fund administrator-manager. He was a financial consultant for energy conservation projects at the Philadelphia Small Business Development Centre (2000), the Georgian telecommunication company Telecom Georgia (2001), and the Georgian energy market management contractor, the Spanish corporation Iberdrola (2002). From 2003 to 2004 he worked for the Georgian state electricity system management contractor, ESBI (Ireland) as a management contractor and financial controller on the Georgian state electricity system.[1]

In the government[edit]

Nika Gilauri first joined the government of Georgia after the peaceful 2003 "Rose Revolution" replaced President Eduard Shevardnadze in favor of a young reformist team led by Mikheil Saakashvili. In the Saakashvili administration, Nika Gilauri received the post of Minister for Energetics on 17 February 2004. After a series of blackouts in Georgia from December 2004 to February 2005, there were some speculations regarding Gilauri's possible dismissal. He spearheaded a program to overcome energy crisis.[2] He played a prominent role in negotiating the provision of gas supply by Azerbaijan and Iran in January 2006, when gas and electric power supply to Georgia was suspended as a result of alleged sabotages in the Russian territory.[3]

In March 2006, a controversy followed Nika Gilauri's statement that selling of Georgia's gas pipelines to the Russian state-run Gazprom was possible provided the price and terms of contract were acceptable. He later explained that talks on privatization were not underway and these proposals had never been discussed with Russian side.[4] In December 2006, Gilauri was praised by President Saakashvili for his "historic" deals with Turkey and Azerbaijan on gas supplies to Georgia.[5]

On 7 September 2007, Nika Gilauri was moved to the post of Minister of Finances, a post he retained in a cabinet reshuffle following the 2007 political crisis.[6]

In December 2008, Gilauri also assumed the newly created office of the First Vice Prime Minister of Georgia, and succeeded Grigol Mgaloblishvili as Prime Minister of Georgia on 6 February 2009. Having won a confidence vote by the Parliament of Georgia, Gilauri named tackling unemployment as his foremost priority and promised to set up an inter-agency working group to coordinate further democratic reforms and pursue a "consistent policy towards de-occupation of Abkhazia and South Ossetia", two disputed regions considered by Georgia as Russian-occupied territories. He also said under his premiership Georgia would remain committed to its NATO integration policy.[7] One of the very first political decisions that Gilauri made as Prime Minister was to dismiss Kakha Bendukidze, Head of the State Chancellery and a leading figure behind Georgia’s economic reforms of the 2000s.[8] On 30 June 2012, President Saakashvili replaced him with Ivane Merabishvili, appointing Gilauri as the head of the JSC Partnership Fund, a state-owned stock fund.[9]

Personal life[edit]

Marine Shamugia

Nika Gilauri married in January 2010 the former Georgian fashion model Marine Shamugia (b. 9 February 1985), a Sukhumi native and a member of the beauty contest Miss Georgia–2004.[10] They have a daughter, Mari (born 17 July 2010).[11]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
David Mirtskhulava
Minister of Energy
2004–2007
Succeeded by
Alexander Khetaguri
Preceded by
Mamuka Nikolaishvili
Minister of Finance
2007–2009
Succeeded by
Kakha Baindurashvili
New office First Deputy Prime Minister of Georgia
2008–2009
Succeeded by
David Tkeshelashvili
Preceded by
Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Prime Minister of Georgia
2009–2012
Succeeded by
Vano Merabishvili