Nika Gilauri

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Nika Gilauri
ნიკოლოზ გილაური
Nika Gilauri 2012.jpg
Prime Minister of Georgia
In office
6 February 2009 – 4 July 2012
President Mikheil Saakashvili
Preceded by Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Succeeded by Vano Merabishvili
First Deputy Prime Minister of Georgia
In office
December 2008 – 6 February 2009
Prime Minister Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by David Tkeshelashvili
Minister of Finance
In office
7 September 2007 – 6 February 2009
Prime Minister Zurab Noghaideli
Lado Gurgenidze
Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Preceded by Mamuka Nikolaishvili
Succeeded by Kakha Baindurashvili
Minister of Energy
In office
17 February 2004 – 7 September 2007
Prime Minister Zurab Zhvania
Zurab Noghaideli
Preceded by David Mirtskhulava
Succeeded by Alexander Khetaguri
Personal details
Born (1975-02-14) 14 February 1975 (age 39)
Tbilisi, Soviet Union
Political party Independent
Alma mater Tbilisi State University
University of Limerick
Temple University

Nika Gilauri (Georgian: ნიკოლოზ [ნიკა] გილაური, pronounced [nikʼa ɡilauri]; born 14 February 1975) is a Georgian politician who was Prime Minister of Georgia from 6 February 2009 to 30 June 2012. He had served as Minister for Energy (2004–2007) and Minister for Finance (2007–2009) and First Vice Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Georgia (2008–2009).

In 2012, he was appointed as the head of the JSC Partnership Fund, a state-owned stock fund. Currently Mr Gilauri set his advisory boutique for public sector decision makers. He is also a senior advisor at McKinsey and Co.

Education and early career[edit]

Nika Gilauri was born in 1975 in Tbilisi. He graduated from the University of Limerick (Ireland), with degree in Bachelor of Business Studies in Economics and Finance and later gained an MBA in International Business Management from Temple University, Philadelphia.

Before joining the government of Georgia Mr Gilauri worked as a financial controller at ESBI Georgia, which was a management contractor for Georgian State Electosystems and Iberdrola Georgia, which was management contractor for Electricity Systems Commercial Operator of Georgia.

In the government[edit]

Mr Gilauri joined the government of Georgia in 2004 as a Minister of Energy and spearheaded reforms in the energy sector, turning the country from blacked out state into the net electricity exporter, eradicating corruption, introducing new legislation, new market rules and new tariff methodologies. He also led energy sector negotiations with Gazprom, SOCAR, Inter RAO and other large energy companies resulting in Georgia becoming one of the most energy secured countries in the region.

As a Minister of Finance (2007 – 2009) Mr Gilauri undertook anticorruption reforms in customs services introducing innovative measures to improve services and eradicating any non-transparent actions. Also he led the new Tax Code reform simplifying the rules, minimizing any double interpretation possibilities, and creating a fair ground for entrepreneurs and investors, resulting in introducing of the new Tax Code in 2009. One of the most important moves as a Minister of Finance for Nika was reducing tax rate (income tax from 20% to 15%) in the beginning of 2009, in the midst of the world financial crises when everybody adopted austerity measures and advised to do the same to the government of Georgia. The move worked well for the country being the first to recover form recession reaching 6,4% growth rate in 2010.

In February 2009 Mr Gilauri succeeded Grigol Mgaloblishvili as a Prime Minister. Due to difficult economic situation (growth rate was -9%) he was primary charged with economic recovery program and improvement of business climate in the country. In Q2 2012 (when Mr Gilauri retired from the PM position) Georgia’s economic growth rate was above +8% and Georgia was Ranked 9th worldwide by the World Bank’s Easy to Do Business Report (up from 112th in 2006). As PM Mr Gilauri also led healthcare reforms resulting in constructing (by private sector) more than 100 new hospitals around the country within two years time; education reforms creating healthy and sustainable competition in secondary as well as tertiary education systems. He also led EU-Georgia FTA agreement negotiations as well as EU – Georgia Association Agreement negotiations.

Personal life[edit]

Marine Shamugia

Nika Gilauri married in January 2010 the former Georgian fashion model Marine Shamugia, a Sukhumi native and a member of the beauty contest Miss Georgia–2004.[1][2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
David Mirtskhulava
Minister of Energy
2004–2007
Succeeded by
Alexander Khetaguri
Preceded by
Mamuka Nikolaishvili
Minister of Finance
2007–2009
Succeeded by
Kakha Baindurashvili
New office First Deputy Prime Minister of Georgia
2008–2009
Succeeded by
David Tkeshelashvili
Preceded by
Grigol Mgaloblishvili
Prime Minister of Georgia
2009–2012
Succeeded by
Vano Merabishvili