No Picnic on Mount Kenya

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No Picnic on Mount Kenya
No Picnic on Mount Kenya - cover 50.jpg
1953 First Edition USA
Author Felice Benuzzi
Original title Fuga sul Kenya
Language English
Genre Narrative history
Media type Hardback and Paperback
Pages 239
This image of Mount Kenya on an Oxo tin provided the three escapers with information on the unseen south face of the mountain.[1]

No Picnic on Mount Kenya (Italian: Fuga sul Kenya) by Felice Benuzzi is a mountaineering classic recounting the 1943 attempt of three escaped Italian prisoners of war to reach the summit of Mount Kenya.[1][2] It was first published in 1947 in Italian and in 1952 in English.[3][4] The 1994 film The Ascent is based on this book.[5]

Plot summary[edit]

Detained at P.O.W. Camp 354 near Nanyuki, Kenya, Felice Benuzzi from Trieste, together with two fellow-prisoners Dr. Giovanni ('Giuàn') Balletto from Genova and Vincenzo ('Enzo') Barsotti from Lido di Camaiore, escaped in January 1943 and climbed Mt Kenya with improvised equipment and meagre rations, two of them reaching a point on the north face of the Petit Gendarme, at about 5000 metres,[6] high up the NW ridge. After an eventful 18-day period on the mountain (24 January – 10 February), and to the astonishment of the British camp commandant, the three adventurers broke back into Camp 354. As reward for their exploit, they each received 28 days in solitary confinement, commuted to 7 days by the camp commandant in acknowledgement of their "sporting effort".

From the flyleaf of the 1952 William Kimber edition of the book:

"One of the most unusual adventures of the war years has now been written by the man who led it, and who has the ability to tell his story with the accuracy and vividness that compels the readers to live through it with him. Felice Benuzzi was a P.O.W. in a British Camp facing Mount Kenya (5,199 m – 17,058 ft). The depressing tedium of camp life and the fascination of the mountain combined to inspire him with a plan. He first put the prospect of escaping to climb it to a fellow prisoner who was a professional mountaineer. The expert told him that the idea was mad, that they would need six months' training on first-class food and porters to carry equipment to a base camp. But Benuzzi was not to be put off. Eventually he got two others to conspire with him, a doctor and a sailor. Surreptitiously they improvised scant equipment and saved what food they could from rations. Their only 'map' of the mountain was a sketch of it on the label of an Oxo tin.
"And then they escaped, and went to climb the mountain. The sailor was ill immediately after break-out but decided to carry on. The lower reaches of Kenya are jungle and forest infested with big game. They were unarmed, and their encounters with the animals are some of the most exciting passages in the story. But Benuzzi writes with a simplicity and vigour that take you with him every yard of the way. At the foot of the highest peak the sailor was too ill to go further, and Benuzzi and the doctor went forward to the climax of their adventure. Their way back was as hazardous as the ascent, and the tension never relaxes until they at last break back into the P.O.W. camp from which they had escaped and give themselves up to the British Commandant."

Publishing history[edit]

Benuzzi, of Italian-Austrian parentage, initially wrote his account in both English and Italian from 1943–1946, while still in P.O.W. camps.[7] The Italian version, with a marginally more detailed text, was first published in 1947 as Fuga sul Kenya – 17 giorni di liberta [:Escape on Kenya – 17 days of liberty][3] (L'Eroica, Milano; illustrated). The Italian version was translated into French and published in 1950 as Kenya, ou la Fugue Africaine [:Kenya, or the African Escape] (Arthaud, Paris; with illustrations, including Benuzzi's sketch of the trio's base-camp in the Hausberg Valley, with the peaks in the background and the ascent-route marked). 'Fuga' and 'Fugue' may also carry a secondary meaning, referring to the 'music' of the giant heather described in the book. The French edition helped inspire Roland Truffaut's August 1952 expedition to Mt Kenya, described in From Kenya to Kilimanjaro (London, 1957), during which the home-made crampons and other equipment of Benuzzi and Balletto were retrieved from Hausberg Col. These were later donated, with Benuzzi's permission, to the Musée de La Montagne, Chamonix.[8] (Benuzzi's flag and message-bottle left on Lenana had been retrieved by English climbers; they were returned to Benuzzi who donated them to the Museo della Montagna, Torino.[9]) The 2nd Italian edition (Tamari, Bologna, 1966; illustrated) moves Chapter 4, 'L'ignoto' [:The Unknown], a digression that gives background historical information on the mountain, to an Appendix. It also includes three sketches and four maps by Benuzzi, including a map of the peaks area showing his route up the NW ridge, but not his sketch of the base-camp.

The NW face of Mount Kenya seen from the Nanyuki area, 1936: the view that inspired the adventure.

The English version was published in February 1952 as No Picnic on Mount Kenya (William Kimber, London), with the subtitle The Story of Three P.O.W.s' Escape to Adventure.[3][10] "No expedition on the mountain was ever a picnic" Vivienne de Watteville had written in her book Speak to the Earth (1935) about her 1929 visit to Mount Kenya.[11] Benuzzi's English title, perhaps suggested by this line of de Watteville's, refers to the expression 'It was no picnic', meaning 'It was hard going', but with an ironic allusion to the climbers' meagre P.O.W. rations. There have been at least eighteen English impressions, some published without the subtitle.[4] The Readers Union edition (1953), and the 'concise' version (ed. S. H. Burton) brought out by Longmans and Green in their 'Heritage of Literature Series' for schools (1960), helped popularise the book. The dust-cover of the English 2nd edition (Kimber, London, 1974) gives a 1970s' photograph of Benuzzi, Balletto and Barsotti and biographical updates; the 3rd English edition (Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, 1989, Introduction by Rick Ridgeway), updates the biographical information. In 1999 Lyon Press republished the book with the subtitle A Daring Escape, a Perilous Climb.[4] In 1953 No Picnic on Mount Kenya was translated into German under the title Gefangen vom Mount Kenia : gefährliche Flucht in ein Bergsteigerabenteuer,[12] and in 2002 a new German edition was released with the new title Flucht ins Abenteuer : 3 Kriegsgefangene besteigen den Mount Kenya.[12] The book has also been translated into Swedish.[7]

About the author[edit]

Felice Benuzzi was born in Vienna on 16 November 1910 and grew up in Trieste, doing his early mountaineering in the Julian Alps and Dolomites. He studied law at Rome University and represented Italy as an international swimmer in 1933–35. He married in 1938 and had two daughters. He entered the Italian Colonial Service in 1938 and served in Italian-occupied Abyssinia, where he was captured by Allied forces when the country was liberated in 1941. He was imprisoned in Kenya (Nanyuki and Gilgil). Repatriated in August 1946, he entered the Italian Diplomatic Service in 1948, serving in Paris, Brisbane, Karachi, Canberra, West Berlin, and (as Head of Delegation) at the United Nations, before his appointment in 1973 as ambassador in Montevideo. Benuzzi retired to Rome (Via Nepi, 13), serving in retirement as Head of the Italian Delegation for the Antarctic. He died in Rome in July 1988.[14] The col between Point Dutton and the Petit Gendarme on Mount Kenya has been named Benuzzi Col in his honour.[15]

Adaptations[edit]

In 1953 an episode of Robert Montgomery Presents was based on an adaptation of this book starring George Chandler.[16] A film adaptation The Ascent was made in 1994. The screenplay was written by David Wiltse and the filming directed by Donald Shebib.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Benuzzi, Felice (2005). No Picnic on Mount Kenya: A Daring Escape, a Perilous Climb. The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-59228-724-7. 
  2. ^ Matthew Power. "Escape to Mount Kenya", National Geographic Adventure Magazine
  3. ^ a b c "Fuga sul Kenya" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 15 January 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  4. ^ a b c WorldCat. "No Picnic on Mount Kenya". Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  5. ^ a b Internet Movie Database. "The Ascent (1994)". Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  6. ^ No Picnic on Mount Kenya (William Kimber, London, 1953),p.172
  7. ^ a b Information on dust-cover of English 2nd edition (Kimber, London, 1974)
  8. ^ Roland Truffaut, From Kenya to Kilimanjaro (London 1957), p.60
  9. ^ Enea Fiorentini, Fuga sul Kenya: Commento, www.eneafiorentini.it/irecelib/irec01.html
  10. ^ Benuzzi, Felice (1952). No Picnic on Mount Kenya: The Story of Three P.O.W.s' Escape to Adventure. London: William Kimber and CO., Limited. 
  11. ^ De Watteville, Vivienne, Speak to the Earth (London, 1935), p.276
  12. ^ a b WorldCat. "Flucht ins Abenteuer : 3 Kriegsgefangene besteigen den Mount Kenya". Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  13. ^ Rick Ridgeway, Introduction to No Picnic on Mount Kenya, 3rd English edition (Patrick Stephens Ltd, Wellingborough, 1989)
  14. ^ Il Tempo, 11 July 1988
  15. ^ Allan, Iain, Guide to Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro (Nairobi, 1991)
  16. ^ Internet Movie Database. ""Robert Montgomery Presents" No Picnic at Mt. Kenya (1953)". Retrieved 2008-03-02.