North Cape, Norway

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For other uses, see North Cape (disambiguation).
North Cape
Nordkapp
Midnight sun.jpg
Midnight sun at the North Cape
Map showing the location of North Cape
Location Finnmark, Norway
Coordinates 71°10′21″N 25°47′40″E / 71.17250°N 25.79444°E / 71.17250; 25.79444Coordinates: 71°10′21″N 25°47′40″E / 71.17250°N 25.79444°E / 71.17250; 25.79444
Offshore water bodies Barents Sea
Elevation 307 m (1,007 ft)

North Cape (Norwegian: Nordkapp; Northern Sami: Davvenjárga) is a cape on the northern coast of the island of Magerøya in Northern Norway. The cape is in Nordkapp Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The European route E69 highway has its northern terminus at North Cape, since it is a popular tourist attraction. The cape includes a 307-metre (1,007 ft) high cliff with a large flat plateau on top where visitors can stand and watch the midnight sun or the views of the Barents Sea to the north. A new visitor center was built in 1988 on the plateau with panoramic views, a cafe, restaurant, post office, souvenir shop, and a so-called super video cinema.[1]

Geography[edit]

North Cape (front), Knivskjellodden (back)
Nordkapp (North Cape)

The steep cliff of North Cape is often (mistakenly) referred to as the northernmost point of Europe, located at 71°10′21″N 25°47′40″E / 71.17250°N 25.79444°E / 71.17250; 25.79444, about 2,102.3 kilometres (1,306.3 mi) from the North Pole. However, the neighbouring Knivskjellodden point, just to the west actually extends 1,457 metres (4,780 ft) farther to the north.

Regardless, both of these points are situated on an island, which technically means the northernmost point of mainland Europe is in fact located at Cape Nordkinn (Kinnarodden) which lies about 5.7 kilometres (3.5 mi) farther south and about 70 kilometres (43 mi) to the east. That point is located near the village of Mehamn on the Nordkinn Peninsula.

The North Cape is the point where the Norwegian Sea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, meets the Barents Sea, part of the Arctic Ocean. The midnight sun can be seen from 14 May to the 31st of July. The sun reaches its lowest point from 12:14 - 12:24 a.m. during those days.

Transportation[edit]

The North Cape is reached by the European route E69 highway through the North Cape Tunnel, an undersea tunnel connecting the island of Magerøya to the mainland. Regular buses run from the nearby town of Honningsvåg to the North Cape (36 kilometres (22 mi)), and coaches meet the many cruise ships that call at the port of Honningsvåg. The nearest airport is Honningsvåg Airport, Valan (IATA code: HVG). The Norwegian airline Widerøe services the airport with flights to Tromsø. From Tromsø Airport there are connecting flights to destinations such as Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim and London-Stansted.

The EuroVelo bicycle route EV1 runs from North Cape to Sagres, Portugal—a 8,196 kilometres (5,093 mi) distance by land and sea.

History[edit]

The North Cape was named by the Englishman Steven Borough, captain of the Edward Bonaventure, which sailed past in 1553 in search of the Northeast Passage.[1]

World War II[edit]

In 1943, the Battle of North Cape was fought in the Arctic Ocean off this cape, where the Kriegsmarine battleship Scharnhorst was eventually sunk by gunfire from the HMS Duke of York and torpedoes from Norwegian Navy destroyer HNoMS Stord, and other ships of the British Navy.

Admission fee controversy[edit]

Norway's Government demanded in 2011 that the admission fee to the plateau be reduced. At the time, an adult tickets cost between NOK 160 and 235.[2] The fee has not been lowered, instead slightly increased.[3] Often there is fog, which destroys the beautiful view. There is no discount for this situation, but the full price ticket is valid for multiple entry during 48 hours.

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Nordkapp fjell" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  2. ^ "Krangel om 235 kroner". e24 (in Norwegian) (Oslo). September 11, 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-26. 
  3. ^ Opening hours and Prices

External links[edit]