Superman IV: The Quest for Peace
|Superman IV: The Quest for Peace|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Sidney J. Furie|
|Produced by||Menahem Golan
|Screenplay by||Lawrence Konner
|Story by||Lawrence Konner
by Jerry Siegel
|Music by||Alexander Courage
John Williams (themes)
|Editing by||John Shirley|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Running time||90 minutes|
Superman IV: The Quest for Peace is a 1987 superhero film directed by Sidney J. Furie. It is the fourth film in the original Superman film series and the last installment to star Christopher Reeve as Superman.
This is the first film in this series not to be produced by Alexander and Ilya Salkind, but instead by Golan-Globus's Cannon Films, in association with Warner Bros. Gene Hackman returns as Lex Luthor, who creates an evil solar-powered Superman clone called Nuclear Man. Superman IV was neither a critical nor a box office success.
After saving a group of cosmonauts whose spaceship is jeopardized by a rogue satellite, Superman visits his hometown of Smallville disguised as Clark Kent, and checks in on the now uninhabited farm where he grew up. In an empty barn, he uncovers the space-capsule that brought him to Earth, and removes a luminescent green Kryptonian energy module. A recording left by his birth mother Lara (voiced by Susannah York) states that its power can only be used once. Unwilling to sell the farm to a mall developer, Superman returns to Metropolis.
Returning to the Daily Planet as Clark Kent, he learns that the newspaper has been taken over by David Warfield (Sam Wanamaker), a tabloid tycoon who fires Perry White and hires his own daughter Lacy (Mariel Hemingway) as the new editor. Lacy takes a liking to Clark and tries to seduce him. Clark agrees to go on a date with her. Following the news that the United States and the Soviet Union may engage in nuclear war, Clark is conflicted about how much Superman should intervene. After receiving a letter written by a concerned schoolboy, Superman travels to the Fortress of Solitude to seek advice from the spirits of his Kryptonian ancestors. They recommend that he should leave Earth and find a new home. After asking for advice from Lois Lane (Margot Kidder), Superman attends a meeting of the United Nations, announcing to the assembly that he will rid the Earth of nuclear weapons. Superman collects most of the world's nuclear stockpile in a gigantic net in Earth orbit, then hurls it into the sun.
Meanwhile, a teenager named Lenny Luthor (Jon Cryer) breaks his uncle Lex Luthor (Gene Hackman) out of the prison rock pile. Returning to Metropolis, the pair steal a strand of Superman's hair from a museum, and create a genetic matrix which Lex attaches to an American nuclear missile. After the missile is test launched, Superman intercepts it and throws it into the sun. A glowing ball of energy is discharged from the sun, which develops into a super-human (played by Mark Pillow and voiced by Gene Hackman). This "Nuclear Man" makes his way back to Earth to find his 'father' Luthor, who establishes that while his creation is powerful, he will deactivate if no sunlight is on him. A vicious battle ensues between Luthor's creation and Superman. While saving the Statue of Liberty from falling onto New York, Superman is infected with radiation sickness by a scratch from Nuclear Man's radioactive claws. Nuclear Man kicks Superman into the distance with such strength that his cape is torn away.
To Lois' disgust, the Daily Planet (which has been reformatted as a tabloid newspaper) publishes the headline "Superman Dead?". Lois indicates a desire to quit and seizes Superman's recovered cape for herself. Lacy is also upset and reveals to Lois that she cares for Clark. Lois ventures to Clark's apartment where she proclaims her love for Superman. Felled by radiation sickness, Clark staggers to his terrace where he retrieves the Kryptonian energy module and attempts to heal himself. Having developed a crush on Lacy, Nuclear Man threatens mayhem if they are not introduced. The newly restored Superman agrees to take him to her to prevent anyone else from being hurt. Superman lures Nuclear Man into an elevator, trapping him inside and then depositing the elevator car on the dark side of the Moon. As the sun rises, Nuclear Man breaks free due to a crack in the elevator doors and Superman is forced once again to defend himself. At the end of the battle, it appears as though Superman has been defeated, and he is driven into the moon's surface by his opponent.
Nuclear Man forces his way into the Daily Planet and abducts Lacy. Superman frees himself from the moon's surface and pushes it out of its orbit, casting Earth into an eclipse which nullifies Nuclear Man's powers. Superman rescues Lacy, then recovers Nuclear Man and deposits him into the core of a nuclear power plant, destroying him. Perry White secures a loan to buy a controlling interest in the newspaper, making David Warfield a minority shareholder and protecting the paper from any further take-overs. In a press conference, Superman declares only partial victory in his campaign, saying, "There will be peace when the people of the world want it so badly that their governments will have no choice but to give it to them". Superman also recovers the fleeing Luthors. Superman places Lenny in "Boys Town" telling the owner that Lenny has been under a bad influence while Lex Luthor is returned to the prison rock pile. Superman then flies into the sunrise for further adventures.
- Christopher Reeve as Clark Kent / Superman
- Gene Hackman as Lex Luthor, Voice of Nuclear Man
- Jackie Cooper as Perry White
- Margot Kidder as Lois Lane
- Marc McClure as Jimmy Olsen
- Jon Cryer as Lenny Luthor
- Sam Wanamaker as David Warfield
- Mark Pillow as Nuclear Man
- Mariel Hemingway as Lacy Warfield
- Damian McLawhorn as Jeremy
- William Hootkins as Harry Howler
- Jim Broadbent as Jean Pierre Dubois
- Stanley Lebor as General Romoff
- Don Fellows as Levon Hornsby
- Robert Beatty as U.S. President
- Susannah York as Voice of Lara
Development and casting
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In 1983, following the mixed-to-negative reaction to Superman III, Reeve and the producers, Alexander Salkind and his son Ilya, assumed that the Superman films had run their course. Reeve was slated to make a cameo in 1984's Supergirl but was unavailable; the film was a box office failure. Two years later, Ilya Salkind sold the Superman franchise to Golan & Globus of Cannon Films.
According to Reeve, Golan & Globus did not have a script in mind when they first approached him about doing the fourth installment; they simply wanted him to reprise his role. In his autobiography Still Me, Reeve stated that he had reservations about doing another Superman film, particularly if it was going to be treated as a farce, which had been the case with the third film. This was an approach that Reeve felt was disrespectful to fans and the source material. The new producers then promised Reeve story input (there was also talk of having Reeve direct a fifth Superman film should the fourth one prove successful), and they would produce any project of his choosing. Reeve accepted, and in exchange, Golan & Globus produced the crime drama Street Smart. Golan & Globus had so many other films in their pipeline at the time that their money was spread too thinly to properly accommodate what became Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, released in 1987, forcing the film's veteran director Sidney J. Furie to cut corners everywhere.
Mike Rosenthal described the final film as Cannon stabbing Christopher Reeve in the back. He revealed on the Deluxe Edition DVD that he and writer Lawrence Konner wanted Reeve to play Nuclear Man as well as his role of Superman/Clark Kent in the film. They imagined the villain being a darker version of the hero in the cloning process. This would be financially expensive and was already explored in minor detail in Superman III. Cannon decided to hire Mark Pillow instead for the part of Nuclear Man in the final film.
According to Jon Cryer, who played Lex Luthor's nephew Lenny, Reeve had taken him aside just before the release and told him it was going to be "terrible". Although Cryer enjoyed working with Reeve and Gene Hackman, Cryer claimed that Cannon ran out of money ahead of time and ultimately released an unfinished movie.
In Reeve's autobiography Still Me, he described filming Superman IV:
We were also hampered by budget constraints and cutbacks in all departments. Cannon Films had nearly thirty projects in the works at the time, and Superman IV received no special consideration. For example, Konner and Rosenthal wrote a scene in which Superman lands on 42nd Street and walks down the double yellow lines to the United Nations, where he gives a speech. If that had been a scene in Superman I, we would actually have shot it on 42nd Street. Dick Donner would have choreographed hundreds of pedestrians and vehicles and cut to people gawking out of office windows at the sight of Superman walking down the street like the Pied Piper. Instead, we had to shoot at an industrial park in England in the rain with about a hundred extras, not a car in sight, and a dozen pigeons thrown in for atmosphere. Even if the story had been brilliant, I don't think that we could ever have lived up to the audience's expectations with this approach.
Mark Rosenthal's DVD commentary pointed to this scene as an example of Cannon's budget slashing. According to Rosenthal, Reeve and director Furie begged to be able to film that sequence in New York in front of the real United Nations because everyone knew what New York and the United Nations was supposed to look like and the Milton Keynes setting looked nothing like it. Cannon refused. According to Rosenthal, they were "pinching pennies at every step".
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Golan-Globus wanted Superman IV to carry a "music by John Williams" credit[why?], but the composer's commitment to the Boston Pops Orchestra precluded him from accepting the project. Williams suggested his longtime friend and collaborator Alexander Courage should score the film and he also agreed to compose new thematic material as needed. Recording of the score with the Symphony-Orchestra Graunke began in Munich, Germany on May 11, 1987. As the sessions progressed it became apparent that the players were not up to the challenge of some of the complex action cues. After the completion of a session on May 18, the remaining sessions in Germany were canceled and the rest of the score was recorded with the National Philharmonic Orchestra at CTS Studios in England between May 23 and June 2. Courage scored 100 minutes of music for the film and also recorded album versions of three new John Williams themes. A soundtrack album was prepared in 1987 by Cannon's musical advisor Jack Fishman, but it was aborted when most of the music selected for it (including three songs by his son Paul Fishman) ended up getting cut from the film. No music from Superman IV was released for over twenty years until the Film Score Monthly soundtrack label presented the complete score as part of their 8-CD anthology Superman: The Music (1978–1988) in 2008.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2009)|
According to writer Mark Rosenthal's commentary on the 2006 Deluxe Edition DVD, in the gallery of deleted scenes included on the disc, there are approximately 45 minutes of the film that have not been seen by the general public. They were deleted following a failed Southern California test screening. In fact, the Nuclear Man that appears in the film is actually the second Nuclear Man that Luthor created. Cut scenes featured the original Nuclear Man (portrayed by Clive Mantle) engaging Superman in battle outside the Metro Club and being destroyed by the Man of Steel. The first Nuclear Man was somewhat more inhuman-looking than his successor, and vaguely resembled in looks, and significantly in personality, the comic book character Bizarro. Luthor postulates that this Nuclear Man was not strong enough, and hatches the plan to create the second Nuclear Man inside the sun as a result.
The comic book adaptation of the film, as well as the novelization, depicts these scenes and several photos of Superman's battle with the first Nuclear Man can be seen online. Three of the "lost" minutes, consisting of two scenes (the "tornado scene", in which Christopher Reeve's daughter Alexandra plays the girl swept away by the tornado; and the "Moscow" sequence, in which Superman stops a nuclear missile from being launched) were used in the international release by Cannon Films, and in the U.S. syndicated television version prepared by Viacom. At one point the producers of this film considered using all the deleted footage (and presumably shooting new footage) in a fifth film (see Superman Lives), but the poor box office performance of this film led to that idea being scrapped. Rosenthal commented on the DVD commentary that this showed just how out of touch Cannon Films was with reality.[further explanation needed]
Approximately thirty minutes of deleted footage were included in a 'deleted scenes' section of the 2006 DVD box set, Superman Ultimate Collector's Edition, as well as on the Deluxe Edition DVD release of the film. All of these scenes were taken from a workprint version of the film with temporary music and unfinished visual effects in many places.
The film was released July 24, 1987, in the United States and Canada and grossed US$5.6 million on its opening weekend, playing in 1,511 theaters, ranking #4 at the box office. It ended up grossing a total of $15.6 million in the United States and Canada.[further explanation needed]
Of the four Superman films starring Reeve, this one fared the worst at the box office, and the series went dormant for the following 19 years. Even Reeve regretted his decision to be involved in the film, saying "Superman IV was a catastrophe from start to finish. That failure was a huge blow to my career." Plans were made to do Superman V, but they never came to fruition. Reeve's 1995 paralysis made any further development of sequels involving him in the starring role impossible. Time Warner let the Superman feature film franchise go undeveloped until the late 1990s when a variety of proposals were considered, including several that would reboot the franchise with different versions of the characters and settings.
The film was universally panned by critics, with the special effects especially singled out. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 9% of critics gave the film a positive review, with an average score of 2.8/10. The consensus reads: "The Superman series bottoms out here: the action is boring, the special effects look cheaper, and none of the actors appear interested in where the plot's going."
The movie received a poor review by Janet Maslin of The New York Times although she noted that Margot Kidder's portrayal of Lois Lane was "sexy, earnest". It fared no better with Variety. The Washington Post described it as "More sluggish than a funeral barge, cheaper than a sale at K mart, it's a nerd, it's a shame, it's Superman IV." In some cities, the film wasn't even screened for critics, even including Siskel and Ebert, who were based in Chicago. The film was voted in at number 40 on a list of 'The 50 Worst Movies Ever' by readers of Empire magazine. It was also nominated for two Razzie Awards including Worst Supporting Actress for Mariel Hemingway and Worst Visual Effects.
This film shows the Man of Steel using powers which had never been shown before in the films. Superman restores part of the damaged Great Wall of China using energy beams from his eyes, apparently manipulating some kind of telekinetic power. This power was never ascribed to Superman in the comics, although General Zod possesses it (via finger beam) in Superman II; the issue was avoided altogether in the comic adaptation, where Superman repairs the Great Wall manually. Superman uses the same ability (minus the beam effect) during the street battle with Nuclear Man, when he lowers several suspended policemen to the ground just by looking at them.
Comic book adaptation
In late 1987, DC Comics prepared a comic book adaptation of Superman IV, scripted by Bob Rozakis and pencilled by Curt Swan and Don Heck. This edition included different dialogue than the movie and incidents from the deleted scenes of the movie. Instead of a voiceover from Lara in the early scene involving Superman finding the mysterious crystal, there is a projection of Jor-El himself, much like in the first film. The comic book features a battle with the failed prototype of Nuclear Man resembling Bizarro and an around-the-world fight with the second Nuclear Man. The adaptation even has an alternate ending with Superman and Jeremy flying above the Earth, observing that the planet is, in reality, just one world, rather than the divided world one sees on a man-made map. In the adaptation, Jeremy is seen in space with a spacesuit but in the deleted footage he is not wearing any protection of any kind, like Lacy Warfield when she was rescued from the second Nuclear Man by Superman. The alternate ending appears in the Deluxe Edition DVD, but it was incorporated in the lost footage section.
- Kehr, Dave (1987-07-27). "It's A Bird, It's A Plane -- It's A Bad Film". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-10-28.
- Mills, Bart (1987-01-02). "And Now . . . Mighty 'Superman Iv' To The Rescue". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Easton, Nina J. (1990-02-01). "'Superman' Lawsuit Trial Date Set for April 16". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- Arts, ' (1987-08-11). "Weekend Box Office". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- Williams, Owen (2013-06-21). "What happened to Superman IV’s Nuclear Man? - Yahoo Movies UK". Uk.movies.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- Beck, Marilyn (1986-06-26). "Margot Kidder Flies Back To Superman". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- Murphy, Steve (2001-06-14). "Superman IV: The Quest for Peace". IGN. Retrieved 2010-10-11.
- "Superman IV: the Quest for Peace (1987)". NYTimes.com (The New York Times). Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "And Now . . . Mighty 'Superman Iv' To The Rescue - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. 1987-07-27. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- "UGO's World of Superman — Superman Movies: Superman IV: The Quest For Peace". UGO Networks. 2006. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
- "Jon Cryer takes your iReport questions". CNN.com. 2012.
- Lentz, Harris M. (February 1989). Science fiction, horror & fantasy film and television credits supplement: through 1987. McFarland. p. 598. ISBN 978-0-89950-364-6. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- "Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987) - Weekend Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
- "Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
- Andersen 2008, p. 38.
- Zink, Jack (1990-03-04). "Fifth Superman Movie In The Works". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2010-10-16.
- Patridge, Tim. "Superman IV: Special Effects Review". Superman Cinema. Dharmesh. Archived from the original on 2008-08-28. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- Russell, Candice (1987-07-25). "Superman IV Just Too Tired To Fly". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- O'Hara, Helen; Plumb, Alastair; De Semlyen, Phil. "The 50 Worst Movies Ever". Empire. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "Superman IV: The Quest for Peace". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- Maslin, Janet (1987-07-25). "Movie: 'Superman IV: Quest for Peace'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-08.
- "Superman IV: The Quest for Peace". Variety. 1987-01-01. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- Howe, Desson (1987-07-31). "‘Superman IV: The Quest for Peace’ (PG)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "Movie: 'Superman IV: The Quest for Peace'". Jerry Saravia. 2011-08.
- "The 50 Worst Movies Ever". Empire magazine. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- Wilson, John (2005). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-69334-0.
- Cited works
- Andersen, Christopher (2008). Somewhere in Heaven: The Remarkable Love Story of Dana and Christopher Reeve. Hyperion.
- Superman IV: The Quest for Peace at the Internet Movie Database
- Superman IV: The Quest for Peace at the TCM Movie Database
- Superman IV: The Quest for Peace at allmovie
- Superman IV: The Quest for Peace at Rotten Tomatoes
- Superman IV: The Quest for Peace at Box Office Mojo
- 2013 interview with Mark Pillow (Nuclear Man)
- Superman Cinema - Superman IV
- The DVD Journal | Quick Reviews: Superman IV: The Quest for Peace
- Superman Homepage: Superman IV - Movie Synopsis/Review/Critique
- The Superman Super Site - Superman IV: The Quest for Peace