Nucleic acid test
A nucleic acid test, often called a "NAT", (or nucleic acid amplification test - "NAAT") is a biochemical technique used to detect a virus or a bacterium. These tests were developed to shorten the window period, a time between when a patient has been infected and when they show up as positive by antibody tests.
The term includes any test that directly detects the genetic material of the infecting organism or virus. There are multiple methods that fall in this group, including:
- Methods based on the Polymerase chain reaction. These tests use a primer to rapidly make copies of the genetic material.
- Branched DNA (quantiplex bDNA) tests use a molecule that links to the specific genetic material.
- Ligase chain reaction
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