Review articles are an attempt to summarize the current state of understanding on a topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by others, rather than reporting new experimental results.
An expert's opinion is valuable, but an expert's assessment of the literature can be more valuable. When reading individual articles, readers could miss features that are apparent to an expert clinician-researcher. Readers benefit from the expert's explanation and assessment of the validity and applicability of individual studies.
Review articles come in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original experimental papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
- Book review, a completely unrelated type of publication
- Case series, sometimes called a clinical review because it reviews or summarizes the records for a series of patients at a single medical clinic
- Review journal
- "What’s a “Review Article?”". The University of Texas. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- John Siegel, MLS. "Have I Found A Scholarly Article?".
- "What is a Scholarly Journal? | SFU Library". Lib.sfu.ca. 2013-03-21. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- Melissa L. Rethlefsen, M. Hassan Murad, Edward H. Livingston, (September 10, 2014). "Engaging Medical Librarians to Improve the Quality of Review Articles". JAMA. 312 (10): 999–1000. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.9263.
- "Scientific Literature". The Regents of the University of California.
- Woodward, A. M. (1977). The Roles of Reviews in Information Transfer. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 175-180.
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