Octagon Chapel, Bath

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Octagon Chapel
The Octagon Bath.jpg
A photograph of the Mallett Showrooms at the Octagon Chapel, circa 1900.
Location Bath, Somerset, England
Coordinates 51°23′02″N 2°21′41″W / 51.38389°N 2.36139°W / 51.38389; -2.36139Coordinates: 51°23′02″N 2°21′41″W / 51.38389°N 2.36139°W / 51.38389; -2.36139
Built 1767
Architect Timothy Lightholder
Listed Building – Grade II*
Designated 14 July 1955[1]
Reference No. 1396027
Octagon Chapel, Bath is located in Somerset
Octagon Chapel, Bath
Location of Octagon Chapel in Somerset

The Octagon Chapel in Milsom Street, Bath, Somerset, England was built in 1767 and has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The building was designed as a church by the architect Timothy Lightholder or Lightoler,[1] whose specific brief was to produce a structure which would be warm, comfortable and well lit. The Octagon fulfilled all of these requirements, and it became a fashionable church. Eminent and distinguished visitors, including Jane Austen,[2] made a point of engaging a pew for as long as they stayed in the city, hiring it at the same time as they hired their lodgings. The most expensive of these were like small rooms, each with its own fireplace and easy chairs.[3] Between service and sermon, an interval was allowed during which footmen poked the fires and saw that their master and mistress were comfortable. The church, as a popular venue to "see and be seen", was not popular with The 'Enthusiastics', later known as Methodists.[4]

William Herschel was appointed as the organist in 1766 and gave his introductory concert on 1 Jan 1767.[5] As the organ was still incomplete he performed his own compositions including a violin concerto, an oboe concerto and a harpsichord sonata. The organ was completed in October 1767.[5] The organ was built by Snezler. Part of the keyboards and pipes have survived and are on display at the Herschel Museum of Astronomy.[6]

In 1858 William Connor Magee published a book of sermons he had given at the chapel.[7]

The vaults of this building were let out to a wine merchant, which gave rise to the verses by Christopher Anstey:

Spirits above and spirits below,
Spirits of Bliss and spirits of woe,
The spirits above are spirits Divine,
The spirits below are spirits of wine.

Since the building was leasehold, it was never consecrated, so when it fell into disuse in the 1890s Mallett Antiques took it over. New showrooms were linked into each side of the church, with workshops and storage in the basement. A gas engine was installed to drive the polishing lathes, work the lift, make the electric light and, by means of a fan, circulate air through every part of the building.

Mallets was described in the Draper's Records 26 Dec 1908 as `the most sumptuous shop in Europe, the wares of which include practically priceless curios and treasures of historic association. Probably not under one roof may be found more millionaires in the course of a year than at Mallett's, in Bath, in the whole of the Kingdom.'

In World War II it was used as a food office and after the war was restored, opening as an art exhibition space for the Bath Festival of 1951.[8]

It later served as the headquarters of the Royal Photographic Society.[9]

In 2004 the local authority, Bath and North East Somerset announced a deal with the L and R Group to convert much of the site to retail and restaurant use but ensure the Grade II* listed building was maintained and improved. In 2008 to 2009 the old showrooms were converted for retail and restaurant use but the original Octagon Chapel remains unfinished and with no permanent tenant. It is used frequently for exhibitions, art shows, retail, catering, events and festivals.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Octagon Chapel". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "December in Regency Bath". Jane Austen Centre. Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  3. ^ "Chapter XI". A celebration of Women Writers. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  4. ^ Aldous, Tony (August 1987). "Lady Huntingdon's Chapel". History Today 37 (8): 2–3. 
  5. ^ a b "Bath". The British Society for the History of Mathematics. Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  6. ^ "Herschel Museum". Bath Preservation Trust. Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  7. ^ Magee, William Connor (1858). Sermons at the Octagon chapel, Bath (2nd ed.). 
  8. ^ Borsay, Peter (2000). The Image of Georgian Bath, 1700-2000. Oxford University Press. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-19-820265-3. 
  9. ^ "Octagon's up for hire". Bath Chronicle (This is Bath). 11 February 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "The Octagon, Bath". RLG architects. 2009. Retrieved 18 July 2009.