O.K. Corral (building)

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For the article on the historic event, see Gunfight at the O.K. Corral.
O.K. Corral
Tombstone Historic District
Allen Street Tombstone.jpg
Allen Street
O.K. Corral (building) is located in Arizona
O.K. Corral (building)
Location Tombstone, Arizona
Coordinates 31°42′48.5″N 110°4′8.7″W / 31.713472°N 110.069083°W / 31.713472; -110.069083Coordinates: 31°42′48.5″N 110°4′8.7″W / 31.713472°N 110.069083°W / 31.713472; -110.069083
Architectural style No Style Listed
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 66000171
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLD July 4, 1961[2]

The O.K. Corral (in which "O.K." stands for "Old Kindersley"[3]) was originally a small horse corral located in the 19th century boomtown city of Tombstone in the Territory of Arizona, an organized incorporated territory of the United States. It is most famously associated with the "Gunfight at the O.K. Corral", which is somewhat of a misnomer. According to American Old West historians, the gunfight actually took place in a vacant lot next to Camillus Fly's photography studio, six doors down Fremont Street from an alleyway that cut through the block and served as an informal rear entrance to the corral.[4] In this context, a more appropriate name for the event would be "Gunfight near the O.K. Corral".

Location[edit]

The corral's address is 326 East Allen Street, Tombstone, AZ 85638, United States.[5] The location known as the O.K. Corral is within the Tombstone Historic District.

The corral's map coordinates are 31°42′48.5″N 110°4′8.7″W / 31.713472°N 110.069083°W / 31.713472; -110.069083 (31.71346, -110.069081).[6]

Tombstone lithograph map shootout

Current status[edit]

Re-enactment of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, Tombstone, Arizona

The historical district is a National Historic Landmark and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the U.S. National Park Service.[7][8] Its association with the legendary gunfight that happened on October 26, 1881 attracts many to the city as popular tourist destination.[9] The lot in which the gunfight actually occurred is now maintained as part of a living history museum.

In 2004, the town's focus on tourism lead the National Park Service (NPS) to threaten its designation as a National Historic Landmark District, a designation it earned in 1961 as "one of the best preserved specimens of the rugged frontier town of the 1870s and '80s." Since this time, however, the community has worked closely with the NPS to develop and implement a new more appropriate stewardship program.[10]

Historical significance[edit]

Although not the actual site of the famous gunfight,[4] its association with the legendary gunfight largely contributed to the creation of the historic district and its placement on the National Register.[11] Its association with the gunfight also serves to provide a fixed location and point of reference for a notable historical event.

It is a testament to the gunfight's impact on the American psyche that numerous dramatic, fictional, and documentary works have been produced about or referencing this event.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ "Tombstone Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  3. ^ Bell, Bob Bose. True West magazine, 2006
  4. ^ a b Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
  5. ^ Google place page
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ ["Tombstone", February 1978, by Marilynn Larew "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination"]. National Park Service. February 1978. 
  8. ^ [Tombstone--Accompanying 14 photos, 1 from 1880, 13 undated "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination"]. National Park Service. February 1978. 
  9. ^ Tombstone tourism
  10. ^ Tombstone, AZ - Historic District
  11. ^ Bell, Bob Bose. True West magazine.