Old St. Paul's, Wellington
- You may be looking for Old St. Paul's Cathedral, a destroyed cathedral in the City of London.
- Or for Old Saint Paul's, Edinburgh, of the Scottish Episcopal Church.
|Old St. Paul's, Wellington|
|Location||Mulgrave Street, Wellington|
|Architect(s)||Reverend Frederick Thatcher|
|Style||Gothic Revival architecture|
Old St. Paul's is a former cathedral in the Diocese of Wellington of the Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia. It is an example of 19th-century Gothic Revival architecture adapted to colonial conditions and materials. It is at 34 Mulgrave Street, Thorndon, Wellington, New Zealand, close to the New Zealand Parliament.
The site of the church was purchased by Bishop Selwyn in 1845 and added to by Governor Grey in 1853, at which time it was on a prominent cliff top overlooking Wellington harbour. Agreement to build the church was reached by 1861 and the Reverend Frederick Thatcher, then vicar of St. Paul's, Thorndon, was engaged as the architect.
The foundation stone was laid by Governor Grey on 21 August 1865. The building work was executed by John McLaggan and a team of eight carpenters, and the church was consecrated by Bishop Abraham on 6 June 1866.
Soon after the church opened, it became apparent that it was unstable in high winds, and so the south transept, designed by Christian Julius Toxward, was added in 1868. Later additions included the north transept and north-aisle extension, also by Toxward, in 1874; the moving of the chancel five metres to the east and the addition of minor north and south transepts to the design of George Fannin in 1876; the choir vestry in 1882, probably designed by Toxward; and extension of the baptistry as designed by Frederick de Jersey Clere in 1891. Thatcher’s original wooden shingle roof was replaced with corrugated iron in 1895, and subsequently with Welsh slates in 1924.
In 1964 the Diocese of Wellington moved to the new St Paul's Cathedral nearby. After a significant battle to prevent its demolition, Old St. Paul's was purchased by the New Zealand Government in 1967, and subsequently restored by the Ministry of Works under the guidance of Peter Sheppard.
It is constructed from New Zealand native timbers, with stunning stained glass windows. The interior has been likened to the upturned hull of an Elizabethan galleon, with exposed curving rimu trusses and kauri roof sarking.
The flags displayed in the nave include the ensigns of the Royal Navy, the New Zealand Merchant Navy and the United States Marine Corps (second division), which was stationed in Wellington during World War II. The church retains close links with the New Zealand Defence Force.
Some of the walls and columns of Old St. Paul's are decorated with memorial plaques, including many dedicated to those who fought and died in World War I. There is a plaque in memory of Wellington historian J.C. Beaglehole, most famous for his biography of explorer James Cook, but who also played a significant role in the fight to save Old St. Paul's from demolition.
- History of Old St. Paul's
- Sheppard, Peter. Restoring Old St Paul's. Wellington: Ministry of Works, 1970, p. 3.
- Evening Post, 21 Aug 1865, p. 2
- Bircham, Deric. Old St Paul’s: An Illustrated Essay. Wellington: AH & AW Reed, 1981, p. 28.
- Wellington Independent, 7 Jun 1856, p. 5
- Sheppard, Peter. Restoring Old St Paul's. Wellington: Ministry of Works, 1970, p. 4.
- Alington, Margaret and Alington, William. Old St Paul’s Wellington: A Pictorial Record. Wellington: Friends of Old St Paul’s Society, 1968, p. 3.
- Kernohan, David. Wellington’s Old Buildings. Wellington: Victoria University Press, 1994, p. 52.
- Beaglehole, Tim. Beaglehole, John Cawte - Biography, from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 1-Sep-10
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