Manchester United–Arsenal brawl (1990)
|Event||1990–91 Football League First Division|
|Date||20 October 1990|
|Venue||Old Trafford, Manchester|
|Referee||Keith Hackett (West Yorkshire)|
On 20 October 1990, Manchester United Football Club faced Arsenal Football Club in a Football League First Division fixture at Old Trafford, during the 1990–91 season. Arsenal won by a single goal, but the game was best remembered for a brawl between both teams. The Football Association (FA) took the unprecedented step of deducting league points from the two clubs and penalising both accordingly.
The only goal of the match came moments before half-time, scored by Arsenal midfielder Anders Limpar. In the second half, Limpar was involved in a contest for the ball with Manchester United defender Denis Irwin; Limpar's team-mate Nigel Winterburn made a tackle on Irwin and a melee between both sets of players proceeded. It lasted no more than 20 seconds and prompted referee Keith Hackett to book Limpar and Winterburn for their actions.
Manchester United and Arsenal took immediate action by fining a number of their players; Arsenal also punished their manager, George Graham. A month after the game, the FA fined both clubs £50,000 for bringing the game into disrepute. Arsenal were docked two points, one more than Manchester United as they were involved in a similar brawl against Norwich City in 1989. This did not impact on their title challenge, however, as they went on to become league champions with just one defeat.
As of 2014, it is the first and only instance in English league football history that any team was docked points due to player misconduct. The match is considered to have instigated the rivalry between the two clubs, who regularly competed with each other through the 1990s and 2000s.
The match is often said to have instigated the rivalry between Arsenal and Manchester United, which carried on through the 1990s and 2000s. Meetings prior to this one were also eventful encounters; former Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson opined that his first match against Arsenal in January 1987 had intensified the rivalry. Arsenal arrived at Old Trafford on the back of an 22-match unbeaten run in all competitions, but goals from Terry Gibson and Gordon Strachan saw United prevail with a 2–0 win. Arsenal's David Rocastle was sent off in the match for a foul on Norman Whiteside, which led to a confrontation between his team-mates and the United coaching staff.
The following season, the teams were drawn together in the 1987–88 FA Cup fifth round for a match at Highbury. With two minutes left and Arsenal winning 2–1, United were awarded a penalty that could have forced a replay. Brian McClair blasted the penalty over the crossbar and in the aftermath, Nigel Winterburn began to taunt McClair over the miss. Arsenal had been fined £20,000 within the last 12 months, for their players' involvement in a 19-man brawl against Norwich City in November 1989.
Both clubs entered the match in differing league form. Manchester United lost 1–0 at home to Nottingham Forest on 29 September 1990; the winning goal was scored by Stuart Pearce in the eighth minute. It was their third league defeat of the season and first at Old Trafford in seven months. By contrast, Arsenal beat Norwich City by two goals on 6 October 1990. Five points separated the two clubs at the start of play, with Arsenal positioned second in the league table on 18 points, behind Liverpool, and Manchester United in sixth. Ferguson assessed United's title chances in his press conference before the game: "At the moment, there is a group of six clubs behind Liverpool at the top of the table. It is up to us to keep up with that group and be ready to seize the opportunity if it presents itself."
Manchester United replaced Viv Anderson in midfield with Paul Ince, while Denis Irwin reverted to right-back after a cameo in midfield. For Arsenal, Anders Limpar recovered from a calf injury. He escaped a fine from the Swedish Football Association for failing to attend the national team's match against Germany. Michael Thomas was declared fit to start in midfield and David O'Leary travelled as part of the squad.
United fashioned the first significant opportunity of the game, around the midway point of the first half, when a goal-bound header from Steve Bruce was inadvertently cleared by his own team-mate McClair. In the meantime, Arsenal manager George Graham spotted that the marking in midfield was inadequate. While Winterburn was recuperating, he got his instructions across to his players – Limpar and Rocastle were told to push on forward, while striker Paul Merson was given a deeper role to follow Mike Phelan. Arsenal took the lead two minutes before half-time; Limpar made a run across United's penalty area to receive Paul Davis' corner from the right hand side. United "clearly believed this was a dummy run", hence why Phelan made no attempt to challenge. Davis passed the ball short to Limpar, who turned and curled it into the penalty area with his left foot. Although goalkeeper Les Sealey "did well to get down to the ball", he was unable to hold it; referee Keith Hackett deemed the ball to have crossed the goal line and gave the goal. Ferguson offered no complaints about Hackett's decision afterwards: "The video showed quite clearly the referee was right and the ball crossed the line."
Arsenal missed a chance to double their advantage in the second half; Limpar's pass split the home side's defence and sent Rocastle chasing for the ball. He looked certain to score, but Sealey blocked his effort. United brought on Mark Robins after the 66th minute mark, "but it was essentially a gesture of desperation", said Brian Glanville. It reshaped their attack and meant they ran the risk of further Arsenal counter-attacks.
The brawl started after the hour mark; Winterburn made a lunging tackle on Irwin, who was clashing for the ball with Limpar. McClair and Irwin proceeded to kick out at Winterburn and Limpar – the latter Arsenal player was pushed onto the advertising hoardings by Ince, at close proximity of two policemen. All 11 United players and 10 Arsenal players on the pitch partook in the melee (goalkeeper David Seaman was the only player not to get involved), though most were attempting to calm the situation. The fracas lasted less than 20 seconds; once it died down, Hackett booked Limpar and Winterburn for their involvement, while the United players escaped punishment on the day. Tony Adams, praised by The Guardian correspondent Stephen Bierley for his role in defusing matters thereafter, had escaped punishment for his professional foul on McClair.
20 October 1990
|Shots on target||11||4|
|Shots off target||8||5|
Post-match and aftermath
Stuart Jones of The Times concluded that The Football Association (FA) were given no choice, "but to charge Arsenal and Manchester United with misconduct and with bringing the game into disrepute." United took immediate action by conducting an internal enquiry. Ferguson ordered his players to the training ground, where they watched the match. It is believed the club afterwards fined Irwin, McClair and Ince. Arsenal followed their example; participants Davis, Rocastle, Thomas, Limpar and Winterburn were all penalised, as well as manager Graham, who was fined £9,000. Arsenal chairman Peter Hill-Wood said of his decision: "Twice in two years is too often. The name of Arsenal has been sullied and that is why I have taken this action."
Persuaded by the European football body, UEFA, to take action, the FA summoned Hackett for his account of the brawl. Three days after the match, both clubs were formally charged. A five-man disciplinary committee later studied three video tapes of how the brawl came about and listened to the defence presented by club representatives. In November 1990, Arsenal and Manchester United were fined £50,000 each and deducted league points; Arsenal lost two points and United one.
At the time of the points deduction, Arsenal were placed second in the league, eight points behind leaders Liverpool and four in front of local rivals Tottenham Hotspur. O'Leary expressed his disappointment at the docked points: "The champagne will be out at Liverpool tonight because this makes our task very much harder." His team-mate Limpar was more optimistic: "It seems very harsh. It makes it a little bit harder to catch Liverpool, but it is not impossible." Indeed, Arsenal went on to lose just one game all season and won the First Division title and finished seven points ahead of runners-up Liverpool. They became England's first representatives in the European Cup since the ban imposed after the Heysel Stadium disaster was lifted. Manchester United finished sixth, but did not end the season empty-handed, winning the 1990–91 European Cup Winners' Cup in the first season English clubs were allowed back into European competition.
In later years, Winterburn said of the brawl: "It probably caused a lot of the bad blood between the sides that has lasted for years but I was just competitive and desperate to win. Does it worry me? Not in the slightest. It was just one of those things that happened and is part of the history of the two clubs."
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