UEFA

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UEFA
UEFA logo 2012.png
UEFA.svg
Abbreviation UEFA
Formation 15 June 1954; 60 years ago (1954-06-15)
Type Sports organisation
Headquarters Nyon, Switzerland
Coordinates 46°22′16″N 6°13′52″E / 46.371009°N 6.23103°E / 46.371009; 6.23103
Region served Europe
Membership 54 full member associations
Official language English, French, German
President Michel Platini[1]
Vice-president Şenes Erzik[1]
General secretary Gianni Infantino[2]
Honorary President Lennart Johansson[1]
Main organ UEFA Congress
Parent organization FIFA
Website www.UEFA.com

The Union of European Football Associations (French: Union des associations européennes de football,[3][4] mostly referred to by its acronym, UEFA (/juːˈfə/ ew-AY-fə)), is the administrative body for association football in Europe and part of Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 54 national association members.

UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, and UEFA Super Cup, and controls the prize money, regulations, and media rights to those competitions.

Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, and later in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters transferred to Nyon, Switzerland. Henri Delaunay was the first general secretary and Ebbe Schwartz the first president. The current president is Michel Platini.

History and membership[edit]

Henri Delaunay, the first general secretary of UEFA

UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian, French, and Belgian associations. Initially, the European football union consisted of 25 members which number doubled by the early 1990s. UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there some exceptions. Some micro states, (e.g. the Vatican City) are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law. Examples include England and Scotland, (part of the United Kingdom) or the Faroe Islands, (part of Denmark) however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states, (e.g. Turkey and Russia). Several Asian countries were also admitted to the European football association, particularly Israel and Kazakhstan, which had been members of the Asian football association. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition. Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League (though a separate sovereign entity); Welsh clubs Cardiff City and Swansea City participate in the English League; Berwick Rangers, situated in England, play in the Scottish Professional Football League and Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, play in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland.

Members[edit]

Code Association National teams Founded FIFA
affiliation
UEFA
affiliation
IOC
member
ALB Albania Albania 1930 1932 1954 Yes
AND Andorra Andorra 1994 1996 1996 Yes
ARM Armenia Armenia 1992 1992 1992 Yes
AUT Austria Austria 1904 1905 1954 Yes
AZE Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 1992 1994 1994 Yes
BLR Belarus Belarus 1989 1992 1993 Yes
BEL Belgium Belgium 1895 1904 1954 Yes
BIH Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992 1996 1998 Yes
BUL Bulgaria Bulgaria 1923 1924 1954 Yes
CRO Croatia Croatia 1912 1992 1993 Yes
CYP Cyprus Cyprus 1934 1948 1962 Yes
CZE Czech Republic Czech Republic 1901 1907 1954 Yes
DEN Denmark Denmark 1889 1904 1954 Yes
ENG England England 1863 1905 1954 No[n 1]
EST Estonia Estonia 1921 1923 1992 Yes
FRO Faroe Islands Faroe Islands 1979 1988 1990 No[n 2]
FIN Finland Finland 1907 1908 1954 Yes
FRA France France 1919[n 3] 1904[n 4] 1954 Yes
MKD Republic of Macedonia FYR Macedonia 1948 1994 1994 Yes
GEO Georgia (country) Georgia 1990 1992 1992 Yes
GER Germany Germany 1900 1904 1954 Yes
GIB Gibraltar Gibraltar 1895 None 2013 No[n 1]
GRE Greece Greece 1926 1927 1954 Yes
HUN Hungary Hungary 1901 1906 1954 Yes
ISL Iceland Iceland 1947 1947 1954 Yes
ISR Israel Israel[n 5] 1928 1929 1994 Yes
ITA Italy Italy 1898 1905 1954 Yes
KAZ Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[n 6] 1994 1994 2002 Yes
LVA Latvia Latvia 1921 1922 1992 Yes
LIE Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 1934 1974 1974 Yes
LTU Lithuania Lithuania 1922 1923 1992 Yes
LUX Luxembourg Luxembourg 1908 1910 1954 Yes
MLT Malta Malta 1900 1959 1960 Yes
MDA Moldova Moldova 1990 1994 1993 Yes
MNE Montenegro Montenegro 1931 2007 2007 Yes
NED Netherlands Netherlands 1889 1904 1954 Yes
NIR Northern Ireland Northern Ireland 1880 1911 1954 No[n 1]
NOR Norway Norway 1902 1908 1954 Yes
POL Poland Poland 1919 1923 1954 Yes
POR Portugal Portugal 1914 1923 1954 Yes
IRL Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland 1921 1923 1954 Yes
ROU Romania Romania 1909 1923 1954 Yes
RUS Russia Russia 1912 1912 1954 Yes
SMR San Marino San Marino 1931 1988 1988 Yes
SCO Scotland Scotland 1873 1910 1954 No[n 1]
SRB Serbia Serbia 1919 1921 1954 Yes
SVK Slovakia Slovakia 1938 1994 1993 Yes
SVN Slovenia Slovenia 1920 1994 1994 Yes
ESP Spain Spain 1909 1913 1954 Yes
SWE Sweden Sweden 1904 1904 1954 Yes
SUI Switzerland Switzerland 1895 1904 1954 Yes
TUR Turkey Turkey 1923 1923 1962 Yes
UKR Ukraine Ukraine 1991 1992 1992 Yes
WAL Wales Wales 1876 1910 1954 No[n 1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Part of the British Olympic Association
  2. ^ Part of the Danish National Olympic Committee
  3. ^ Originally founded as Comité Français Interfédéral in 1907, a predecessor to the current federation.
  4. ^ The current French FA, the French Football Federation (in its previous incarnation, the Comité Français Interfédéral), replaced the USFSA in 1907.
  5. ^ Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1954–1974), joined UEFA as several AFC teams refused to play against them. See also Foreign relations of Israel and International recognition of Israel.
  6. ^ Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1994–2002), joined UEFA.

Former members[edit]

Competitions[edit]

UEFA runs official international competitions in Europe and some countries of Northern, Southwestern and Central regions of Asia for national teams and professional clubs, known as UEFA competitions, some of which are regarded as the world's most prestigious tournaments.

International[edit]

The main competition for men's national teams is the UEFA European Football Championship, started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960, and known as the European Nations Cup until 1964. It is also called UEFA or the EURO. UEFA also runs national competitions at Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels. For women's national teams, UEFA operates the UEFA Women's Championship for senior national sides as well as Women's Under-19 and Women's Under-17 Championships.

UEFA also organized the UEFA-CAF Meridian Cup with CAF for youth teams in an effort to boost youth soccer. UEFA launched the UEFA Regions' Cup, for semi-professional teams representing their local region, in 1999. In futsal there is the UEFA Futsal Championship and UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship.

The Italian, German, Spanish and French men's national teams are the sole teams to have won the European football championship in all categories.

Club[edit]

UEFA member countries by club competition entry entitlements, 2007/8

The top-ranked UEFA competition is the UEFA Champions League, which started in the 1992/93 season and gathers the top 1–4 teams of each country's league (the number of teams depend on that country's ranking and can be upgraded or downgraded); this competition was re-structured from a previous one that only gathered the top team of each country (held from 1955–92 and known as the European Champion Clubs' Cup or simply the European Cup).

A second, lower-ranked competition is the UEFA Europa League. This competition, for national knockout cup winners and high-placed league teams, was launched by UEFA in 1971 as a successor of both the former UEFA Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (also begun in 1955). A third competition, the Cup Winners' Cup, which had started in 1960, was absorbed into the UEFA Cup (now UEFA Europa League) in 1999.

In women's football UEFA also conducts the UEFA Women's Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2001, and known as the UEFA Women's Cup until 2009.

The UEFA Super Cup pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the UEFA Europa League (previously the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup), and came into being in 1973.[5][6][7]

The UEFA Intertoto Cup was a summer competition, previously operated by several Central European football associations, which was relaunched and recognized as official UEFA club competition by UEFA in 1995.[8] The last Intertoto Cup took place in 2008.

The Intercontinental Cup was jointly organised with CONMEBOL between the Champions League and the Copa Libertadores winners.[9]

Only four teams[10][11] (Juventus, Ajax, Bayern Munich and Chelsea[12]) have won each of the three main competitions (European Cup/UEFA Champions League, UEFA Cup Winner's Cup and UEFA Cup/Europa League),[13] a feat that is no longer possible for any team that did not win the Cup Winners' Cup. There are currently nine teams throughout Europe that have won two of the three trophies; all but one have won the Cup Winners Cup, four require a win in the Champions League and five require a UEFA Europa League win.

Juventus of Italy was the first team in Europe—remaining the only one to date (2013)—to win all UEFA's official championships and cups[14] and, in commemoration of achieving that feat, have received The UEFA Plaque by the Union of European Football Associations on 12 July 1988.[15][16]

UEFA's premier futsal competition is the UEFA Futsal Cup, a tournament started in 2001 which replaced the former Futsal European Clubs Championship. This event, despite enjoying a long and well-established tradition in the European futsal community, dating back to 1984, was never recognized as official by UEFA.

Sponsors[edit]

The UEFA Champions League current main sponsors are:

The UEFA Europa League current main sponsors are:

Adidas is a secondary sponsor and supplies the official match ball and referee uniform for all UEFA competitions. Konami's Pro Evolution Soccer is also a secondary sponsor as the official Champions League video game.

League revenues[edit]

Annual revenue comparison. All figures in Euros.

Source is the Deloitte 2013 annual report, which uses 2011–12 figures.[24]

Rank League Revenue Revenue sources
1 English Premier League 3.0 bn Broadcast revenue accounts for 50% of league revenue
2 German Bundesliga 1.9 bn Commercial sponsorship accounts for almost 50% of league revenue
3 Spanish La Liga 1.8 bn Two clubs – Real Madrid and Barcelona – account for 56% of league revenue
4 Italian Serie A 1.6 bn Matchday revenue accounts for only 12% of league revenue
5 French Ligue 1 1.1 bn Matchday revenue accounts for only 11% of league revenue
6 Russian Premier League 636 m
7 English League Championship 588 m
8 Turkish Süper Lig 444 m
9 Dutch Eredivisie 434 m


World Cup participation and results[edit]

Legend
  • 1st – Champion
  • 2nd – Runner-up
  •  3rd  – Third Place[wc 1]
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R16 – Round of 16 (since 1986: knockout round of 16)
  • R2 – Second round (for the 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages)
  • GS – Group Stage (in the 1950, 1974, 1978, and 1982 tournaments, which had two group stages, this refers to the first group stage)
  • 1S – First Knockout Stage (1934–1938 Single-elimination tournament)
  •    — Did not qualify
  •  ×  — Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned
  •     — Hosts

Men[edit]

Team 1930
(13)
1934
(16)
1938
(15)
1950
(13)
1954
(16)
1958
(16)
1962
(16)
1966
(16)
1970
(16)
1974
(16)
1978
(16)
1982
(24)
1986
(24)
1990
(24)
1994
(24)
1998
(32)
2002
(32)
2006
(32)
2010
(32)
2014
(32)
 Austria × 4th ••[wc 2] × 3rd R1
15th
× R2
7th
R2
8th
R1
T-18th
R1
23rd
 Belgium R1
11th
R1
15th
R1
13th
× R1
12th
R1
T-10th
R2
10th
4th R2
11th
R16
11th
R1
19th
R2
14th
QF
6th
 Bosnia-Herzegovina Part of Yugoslavia × GS
20th
 Bulgaria × × R1
15th
R1
15th
R1
13th
R1
12th
R2
15th
4th R1
29th
 Croatia Part of Yugoslavia × 3rd R1
23rd
R1
22nd
GS
19th
 Czechoslovakia[wc 3] see Czech Republic (1930–1994)
 Czech Republic[wc 3] × 2nd QF
5th
× R1
14th
R1
9th
2nd R1
15th
R1
19th
QF
6th
R1
20th
 Denmark × × × × × × R2
9th
QF
8th
R2
10th
R1
24th
 East Germany[wc 3] Part of Germany × × R2
6th
Part of Germany
 England × × × R1
8th
QF
6th
R1
11th
QF
8th
1st QF
8th
R2
6th
QF
8th
4th R2
9th
QF
6th
QF
7th
R2
13th
GS
26th
 France R1
7th
R1
T-9th
QF
6th
R1
11th
3rd R1
T-13th
R1
12th
4th 3rd 1st R1
28th
2nd R1
29th
QF
7th
 Germany[wc 3] × 3rd R1
10th
× 1st 4th QF
7th
2nd 3rd 1st R2
6th
2nd 2nd 1st QF
5th
QF
7th
2nd 3rd 3rd 1st
 Greece × × R1
24th
R1
25th
R16
13th
 Gibraltar see England (1930–2014)
 Hungary × QF
6th
2nd × 2nd R1
10th
QF
5th
QF
6th
R1
15th
R1
14th
R1
18th
 Israel[wc 4] × R1
12th
 Italy × 1st 1st R1
7th
R1
10th
R1
9th
R1
9th
2nd R1
10th
4th 1st R2
12th
3rd 2nd QF
5th
R2
15th
1st R1
26th
GS
22nd
 Netherlands × R1
T-9th
R1
14th
× × 2nd 2nd R2
15th
QF
7th
4th R2
11th
2nd 3rd
 Northern Ireland × × × QF
8th
R2
9th
R1
21st
 Norway × × R1
12th
× R1
17th
R2
15th
 Poland × R1
11th
× × 3rd R2
5th
3rd R2
14th
R1
25th
R1
21st
 Portugal × 3rd R1
17th
R1
21st
4th R2
11th
GS
18th
 Republic of Ireland[wc 5] × QF
8th
R2
16th
R2
12th
 Romania R1
8th
R1
12th
R1
9th
× R1
T-10th
R2
12th
QF
6th
R2
11th
 Russia[wc 6] QF
7th
QF
6th
4th QF
5th
R2
7th
R2
10th
R1
17th
R1
18th
R1
22nd
GS
24th
 Scotland × × × •• R1
15th
R1
14th
R1
9th
R1
11th
R1
15th
R1
19th
R1
T-18th
R1
27th
 Serbia[wc 3] 4th[wc 7] R1
5th
QF
7th
QF
5th
4th R2
7th
R1
16th
QF
5th
× R2
10th
R1
32nd
R1
23rd
 Serbia and Montenegro[wc 3] see Serbia (2006)
 Slovakia Part of Czechoslovakia R2
16th
 Slovenia Part of Yugoslavia × R1
30th
R1
18th
 Soviet Union[wc 6] see Russia (1930–1990)
 Spain × QF
5th
× 4th R1
12th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R2
12th
QF
7th
R2
10th
QF
8th
R1
17th
QF
5th
R2
9th
1st GS
23rd
 Sweden × QF
8th
4th 3rd 2nd R1
9th
R2
5th
R1
13th
R1
21st
3rd R2
13th
R2
14th
 Switzerland × QF
7th
QF
7th
R1
6th
QF
8th
R1
16th
R1
16th
R2
15th
R2
10th
R1
19th
R16
11th
 Turkey × × × •• R1
9th
× 3rd
 Ukraine[wc 6] Part of Soviet Union × QF
8th
 Wales × × × QF
6th
 West Germany[wc 3] see Germany (1950–1990)
 Yugoslavia[wc 3] see Serbia (1930 for Kingdom of Yugoslavia; 1950–1990 for SFR Yugoslavia; 1994–2002 for FR Yugoslavia)

Notes

  1. ^ There was no Third Place match in 1930; The United States and Yugoslavia lost in the semifinals. FIFA recognizes the United States as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
  2. ^ Austria qualified in 1938, but withdrew to play as part of Germany after being annexed.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h FIFA considers that the national team of Russia succeeds the USSR, the national team of Serbia succeeds Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro, the national team of Czech Republic succeeds Czechoslovakia, and the national team of Germany succeeds West Germany and East Germany.
  4. ^ Israel competed as Eretz Yisrael (Land of Israel) in 1934 and in 1938, with a team consisting exclusively of Jewish and British footballers from the Palestine Mandate.
  5. ^ Republic of Ireland competed as the Irish Free State in 1934 and then as Ireland in 1938 and 1950.
  6. ^ a b c Russia's best result is group stage in 1994 and 2002. However FIFA considers Russia as the successor team of the USSR.
  7. ^ There was no official World Cup Third Place match in 1930; The USA and Yugoslavia lost in the semi-finals. Currently, FIFA recognizes USA as the third-placed team and Yugoslavia as the fourth-placed team, using the overall records of the teams in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.

Women[edit]

Team 1991
China
(12)
1995
Sweden
(12)
1999
United States
(16)
2003
United States
(16)
2007
China
(16)
2011
Germany
(16)
2015
Canada
(24)
 Denmark QF
7th
QF
7th
R2
15th
R2
12th
 England QF
6th
QF
7th
QF
7th
q
 France R2
9th
4th q
 Germany 4th 2nd QF
8th
1st 1st QF
6th
q
 Italy QF
6th
R2
9th
 Norway 2nd 1st 4th QF
7th
4th R2
10th
q
 Russia × QF
5th
QF
8th
 Spain q
 Sweden 3rd QF
5th
QF
6th
2nd R2
10–11
3rd q
 Switzerland q

FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • GS – Group stage
  •  ••  — Qualified / Invited, but declined to take part
  •  •  — Did not qualify
  •  ×  — Did not enter / Withdrew from continental championship / Confederation did not take part
  • Q — Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •    — Hosts
Team 1992
(4)
1995
(6)
1997
(8)
1999
(8)
2001
(8)
2003
(8)
2005
(8)
2009
(8)
2013
(8)
 Czech Republic × × 3rd
 Denmark × 1st
 France × •• 1st 1st
 Germany × •• GS •• 3rd
 Greece × GS
 Italy × •• GS 3rd
 Spain × •• 3rd 2nd
 Turkey × 3rd


See also[edit]

Competitions[edit]

Clubs: National teams: Amateur:

Resolutions[edit]

Awards: Qualifications:

Match:

Major non-UEFA competitions[edit]

Clubs: National teams:

Financial fair play[edit]

UEFA coefficient[edit]

UEFA presidents[edit]

Related links[edit]

Previous logo (until 2012)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "UEFA Executive Committee –". UEFA.com. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Organisation –". UEFA.com. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "History – Overview". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). Retrieved 26 March 2013. [dead link]
  4. ^ French pronunciation: ​[ynjɔ̃ dez‿asɔsjasjɔ̃ øʁɔpeɛn də futbol]
  5. ^ "History of the UEFA Super Cup". uefa.com. Retrieved 21 August 2006. 
  6. ^ "1973: Ajax enjoy early success". uefa.com. Retrieved 1 March 1974. 
  7. ^ "1971/72: Glory for Rangers in Barcelona". uefa.com. Retrieved 1 June 1972. 
  8. ^ "History of the UEFA Intertoto Cup". uefa.com. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "History of the UEFA/CONMEBOL Intercontinental Cup". uefa.com. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  10. ^ "Un dilema histórico". El Mundo Deportivo's Historical Archive (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 September 2003. 
  11. ^ "El Barça, gran atracción del sorteo". El Mundo Deportivo's Historical Archive (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 July 1992. 
  12. ^ Chelsea qualified for Europa League's Round of 32 after finished in third place in the group stage of the 2012–13 Champions League.
  13. ^ "The man with the golden touch". uefa.com. Retrieved 27 August 2004. 
  14. ^ "List of European official clubs' cups and tournaments". uefa.com. Retrieved 21 August 2006. 
  15. ^ "Sorteo de las competiciones europeas de fútbol: el Fram de Reykjavic, primer adversario del F.C. Barcelona en la Recopa" (PDF) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 13 July 1988. p. 53. Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  16. ^ "All start 'with a little' poetry". Gazzetta dello Sport's Historical Archive (in Italian). Retrieved 24 May 1997. 
  17. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefachampionsleague/news/newsid=2085729.html
  18. ^ UEFA (9 July 2012). "Gazprom becomes an official partner". Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "UEFA Media Services" (PDF). Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  20. ^ "UniCredit starts a three-year sponsorship of the UEFA Champions League". Unicreditgroup.eu. 20 September 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "HTC to partner with UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League". UEFA.com. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  22. ^ "Hankook to sponsor of UEFA EUROPA LEAGUE". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  23. ^ "Western Union sponsors UEFA Europa League". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  24. ^ Deloitte, Annual Review of Football Finance – Highlights, June 2013, http://www.deloitte.com/assets/Dcom-UnitedKingdom/Local%20Assets/Documents/Industries/Sports%20Business%20Group/deloitte-uk-sbg-arff-2013-highlights-download.pdf

External links[edit]