Olga Maturana

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Olga Maturana Espinosa
Olga Maturana.jpg
Mayor of Pichilemu Pichilemu
In office
May 28, 1951 – May 17, 1953
Preceded by Sergio Morales Retamal
Succeeded by Sergio Morales Retamal
Personal details
Born (1906-10-10)October 10, 1906
Santiago, Chile
Died July 16, 1973(1973-07-16) (aged 66)
Pichilemu, Chile
Nationality Chilean
Spouse(s) Felipe Iturriaga Esquivel
Children 5

Olga Maturana Espinosa (October 10, 1906 – July 16, 1973)[1] was a Chilean politician born in Santiago. Maturana worked as Councillor of Pichilemu in 1950, and became the first female Mayor of Pichilemu in 1951.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

Maturana was born on October 10, 1906 in Santiago, Chile.[1] Her parents were Arturo Maturana Zúñiga and Emma Espinosa Pedrada.[4]

Maturana married in 1926 Felipe Iturriaga Esquivel in Santiago when he was 20.[4] Maturana and Iturriaga moved to Pichilemu in 1932. Iturriaga was elected Mayor for three terms (1932–1935; 1941–1944; and 1956–1959),[1][5] and Maturana was elected Councillor of Pichilemu in 1950,[6] along with Carlos Echazarreta Larraín, Ricardo Ayala and Armando Caroca Rojas. Sergio Morales Retamal was elected Mayor, but he left the office in 1951.[5]

Olga Maturana succeeded Sergio Morales on May 28, 1951, and became the first female Mayor of Pichilemu, as an independent.[5][6] Her term ended on May 17, 1953.[5][7]

Maturana had five children with her husband Felipe Iturriaga.[1][3]

Maturana died on July 16, 1973 in Pichilemu, Chile at 66.[1]

Influence[edit]

As of 2008, only two women had occupied political offices in Pichilemu: Alicia López Galarce (Councillor from 1953 until 1956) and Olga Maturana.[8]

In 2008, 12 women enrolled to the municipal election. Only three of them were eventually elected as councillors: Marta Urzúa, Andrea Aranda and Viviana Parraguez.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Familia Iturriaga". genealog.cl (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Washington Saldías (6 February 2005). "Nunca es tarde para reiterar nuestras disculpas". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Julio Retamal Favereau, Carlos Celis Atria, José Miguel de la Cerda Merino, Carlos Ruiz Rodíguez, and Francisco José Urzúa Prieto (2003). Familias Fundadoras de Chile, 1656-1700. El conjunto final. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. 
  4. ^ a b Enrique Molina Canales (2004). "Monografía de la Casa Genealógica de los Yturriaga de Chile y sus Ramas Colaterales" (PDF) (in Spanish). genealog.cl. Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d Washington Saldías (2 August 2007). "Alcaldes, regidores y concejales de la comuna de Pichilemu". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Felícitas Klimpel Alvarado (1962). La mujer chilena (in Spanish). Editorial Andrés Bello. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Retamal Favereau, Julio (2003). Familias fundadoras de Chile, 1656-1700: el conjunto final. Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. p. 341. su hermano Felipe Iturriaga Esquivel fue alcalde, 1932-1935, 1941-1944 y 1956-1959, de Pichilemu, una de cuyas calles lleva su nombre, y Olga Maturana Espinoza, esposa de éste, fue también ahí elegida regidora, 1950, y alcaldesa, 1951-1953 
  8. ^ Washington Saldías (3 August 2008). "Candidatas mujeres en Pichilemu alcanzan a 12 féminas con deseos de integrar el Concejo Municipal". Pichilemu News (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2010. 
  9. ^ "SISTEMA DE DESPLIEGUE DE COMPUTOS - MINISTERIO DEL INTERIOR". elecciones.gob.cl. Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2010. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Sergio Morales Retamal
Mayor of Pichilemu
1951–1953
Succeeded by
Sergio Morales Retamal