|Borough of Olyphant|
|Elevation||843 ft (256.9 m)|
|Area||5.5 sq mi (14.2 km2)|
|- land||5.4 sq mi (14 km2)|
|- water||0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 1.82%|
|Density||953.9 / sq mi (368.3 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Olyphant is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, approximately five miles (8 km) northeast of Scranton on the Lackawanna River in the heart of the anthracite region of the State. Once engaged in the shipping of coal as its main source of employment, Olyphant experienced a severe downturn in the twentieth century. Other industries of the past were the manufacturing of blasting powder, iron and steel goods, cigars, silks, etc. In 1900, the population stood at 6,180 people; in 1910, 8,305; in 1920, 10,326; and in 1940, 9,252. The population was 5,151 at the 2010 census.
Olyphant is located at .(41.462630, -75.595617)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.4 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.82%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,151 people, 2,324 households, and 1,357 families residing in the borough. The population density was 953.9 people per square mile (368.3/km²). There were 2,521 housing units at an average density of 466.9 per square mile (182.4/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.2% White, 1.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.
There were 2,324 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the borough the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 63.7% from 18 to 64, and 17% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years.
The median income for a household in the borough was $32,721, and the median income for a family was $45,091. Males had a median income of $30,647 versus $24,825 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,049. About 7.4% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 24.2% of those age 65 or over.
Olyphant is part of the Mid Valley School District. Prior to the district's founding, the town had a series of public schools. Most of the Catholic churches in town also at one point had their own school as well as St. Cyril's Ukrainian Catholic church. Private schools in other towns though receive Olyphant students, among them La Salle Academy in Jessup (K-8), Bishop O'Hara High School in Dunmore and Scranton Preparatory School in Scranton.
The borough was originally named Queen City but later the community was named after George Talbot Olyphant, president of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company.
Michael J. Metrinko, taken hostage in Tehran, Iran in 1979, held 444 days.  Metrinko also was the hero (and dedicatee) of the book Razi Crossing, by Tom Burchill, when he saved a number of westerners' lives during a revolutionary uprising in Tabriz, Iran in 1978. 
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Pat Crowley
- Pointon, Terri. Rootsweb.com. St. Patrick's Cemetery, Olyphant, Pennsylvania.