Orfey-class destroyer

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Letun.jpg
Imperial Russian destroyer Letun.
Class overview
Operators:  Russian Navy
 Soviet Navy
 Estonian Navy
 Peruvian Navy
Preceded by: Novik
Succeeded by: Izyaslav class
In commission: 1914–1956
Planned: 23
Completed: 16
Lost: 9
Retired: 7
General characteristics (as built)
Class & type: Orfey-class destroyers
Displacement: 1,260 tons (standard)
1,440 tons (full load)
Length: 98 m
Beam: 9.3 m
Draught: 3 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft AEG turbines
4 Vulkan type boilers 30,500 hp
Speed: 32 knots
Complement: 150
Armament: 4 × 4-inch (102 mm) guns
1 x 40 mm AA gun
2 x machine guns
9 × 18-inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes (3 x 3)
50 mines

The Orfey-class destroyers were built for the Baltic Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy. They were modified versions of the Novik and the Derzky-class destroyers. These ships were larger, had triple torpedo tubes and an extra 4-inch (102 mm) gun. Fourteen ships were completed in 1914 - 1917 and fought in World War I and during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War. The survivors fought in World War II.

Ships[edit]

Built at the Putilov yard, St Petersburg

Ship Launched Fate
Kapitan Belli
renamed Karl Liebknecht
29 Oct 1915 Transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet. Broken up 1950s
Kapitan Izylmetev
renamed Lenin
4 Nov 1914 Scuttled 24 June 1941 at Liepāja, Latvia while under repair
Kapitan Kern
renamed Kuibishev
27 Aug 1915 Transferred to the Soviet Northern Fleet. Broken up 1950s
Kapitan Konon-Zotov 23 Oct 1915 Broken up incomplete 1923
Kapitan Kroun 5 Aug 1916 Broken up incomplete 1923
Kapitan I ranga Miklucha Maklai
renamed Spartak (1917)
renamed Vambola
renamed Almirante Villar
27 Aug 1915 Captured by the British in 1918, given to the Estonian Navy and sold by the Estonians to Peru in 1933. Scrapped in 1954 ref
Lieutenant Dubasov 9 Sep 1916 Broken up incomplete 1923
Lieutenant Ilin
renamed Voikov
28 Nov 1914 transferred to the Soviet Pacific Fleet. Broken up 1950s

Built at Metal Works, St Petersburg (Petrograd)

Ship Launched Fate
Orfei 5 Jun 1916 Broken up 1929, after sustaining irreparable mine damage in 1917
Azard
renamed Artem
5 Jun 1916 Sank British submarine L55 during the Russian Civil War, sunk 28 August 1941 by mines
Desna
renamed Engels
4 Nov 1915 Sunk 25 Aug 1941 by mines
Grom 5 Jun 1915 Sunk 14 Oct 1917, during the Battle of Moon Sound
Letun 4 Nov 1915 Broken up 1925, after sustaining irreparable mine damage in 1916, Mine was laid by SM UC-27
Pobiditel
renamed Volodarski
5 Nov 1914 Sunk 28 August 1941
Samson
renamed Stalin
5 Jun 1915 transferred to the Soviet Pacific fleet via the Arctic in 1936, Broken up 1953
Zabiyaka
renamed Uritski
5 Nov 1914 transferred to the Northern Fleet, Sunk as a target during nuclear test in 1953

Built by Russo Baltic Yard, Reval

Ship Launched Fate
Gavril 5 Jan 1915 Helped sink British submarine L55 and three British motor boats. Sunk by mines 21 October 1919 while attempting to defect
Konstantin 12 Jun 1915 Sunk by mines 21 October 1919 while attempting to defect
Vladimir
renamed Svoboda
18 Aug 1915 Sunk by mines 21 October 1919 while attempting to defect
Mikhail 1916 towed to Petrograd but broken up incomplete 1923
Mechislav 1916 towed to Petrograd but broken up incomplete 1923
Sokol 1917 towed to Petrograd but broken up incomplete 1923

See also[edit]

Media related to Orfey class destroyer at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Gavriil class destroyer at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  • Conway's All the world's Fighting Ships 1906-1922
  • M.J Whitley, Destroyers of World War 2, 1988 Cassell Publishing ISBN 1-85409-521-8