A street market in Oshakati
|Nickname(s): shanangobe kashiiwa nambelela|
|Motto: Unity, Justice, Development|
|• Mayor||Onesmus Shilunga|
|Time zone||South African Standard Time (UTC+1)|
Oshakati is a town of 37,000 inhabitants in the Oshana Region of Namibia. It is the regional capital and was officially founded in July 1966. The city was used as a base of operations by the South African Defence Force (SADF) during the South African Border War and Namibian War of Independence. Oshakati is considered to be the largest town and capital of the northern area known as Ovamboland.
In Oshiwambo, the language of the Ovambo, the town's name means "that which is in between", although some believe that the name (Oshakati, also Otshakati) was used to refer to the Tower, tallest freestanding structure downtown. Oshakati is one of Namibia's largest cities and it is located near the B1, Namibia's main highway, which stretches from South Africa through the capital Windhoek and on to the Angolan border. The Oshakati town, (popularly known as 'Otshakati tsha Nangombe' by the native Kwambi people) is within the Kwambi traditional authority.
In February 1988, a bomb blast occurred in Oshakati at the First National Bank, killing 27 people and badly injuring nearly 30 others, most of them nurses and teachers. No one was ever officially convicted of the bombing and the issue was dropped upon independence in 1990 in favour of national reconciliation.
Development and infrastructure
Oshakati has experienced much development since Namibia achieved independence on March 21, 1990. In April 2006, the Oshakati Town Council building was inaugurated by Botswana's President Festus Mogae.
Oshakati has a football team, Oshakati City FC.
Many primary and secondary schools are to be found in Oshakati, e.g. Iipumbu, Oshakati, Ngolo, Erundu Secondary School, Kabatana and others, including Afoti Combined School in Uuvudhiya constituency in Oshana Regionin the Omapopo cluster of Oshakati Circuit.
Since the turn of the century, there are now many shops like Jet, Mr Price, furniture stores, shoes stores, pharmacies, etc. The three main shopping centres are Game, Etango, and Yetu. There is also Oshakati Independence Stadium and University of Namibia Northern campus.
Oshakati is situated in the Cuvelai-Etosha Basin and cut by the Okatana River. Both of these geographic features make the town prone to flooding; in 2008 it was last hit by heavy floods. The Oshakati Master Plan Project is underway to build a 23 kilometres (14 mi) dike around the town, to deepen and straighten the river, and to resettle people living near the riverbed and clogging the flow of water.
Oshakati has a semi-arid climate (BSh, according to the Köppen climate classification), with hot summers and relatively mild winters (with warm days and cool nights). The average annual precipitation is 472 mm (19 in), with most rainfall occurring mainly during summer.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Oshakati Town Council hosts the annual Oshakati Totem Expo, which combines the celebration of local traditions with a modern business exhibition. The event was launched by the governor of Oshana Region, Hon. Clemens Kashuupulwa, on 9 June 2012. It takes place annually for a period of four days in the months of June or July.
- Gazza a kwaito musician
- Tara Katupose and Muna Katupose, soccer-playing twins
- Craig Williams (1984-), cricketer
- "Four towns re-elect mayors". The Namibian (NAMPA). 9 December 2013.
- "Table 4.2.2 Urban population by Census years (2001 and 2011)" (PDF). Namibia 2011 - Population and Housing Census Main Report. Namibia Statistics Agency. p. 39. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Alliance of Mayors and Municipal Leaders on HIV/AIDS in Africa
- Oshakati bomb blast remembered The Namibian, 20 February 2006
- Amukwaya, Yvonne (21 August 2014). "Towards a flood-free Oshakati". The Namibian (Focus on the North supplement, page 2).