Owsei Temkin

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Owsei Temkin (October 6, 1902 – July 18, 2002) was a Russian-born, German-educated, American medical historian. He served as director of the Institute of the History of Medicine and was the William H. Welch Professor Emeritus of the History of Medicine at The Johns Hopkins University. He became known as one of the world's foremost experts on the interaction of medicine and culture throughout history. During his academic career and retirement, he published hundreds of articles and a dozen books on the history of medicine.


  • The Falling Sickness: A history of epilepsy from the Greeks to the beginnings of modern neurology (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1945, Revised 1971; ISBN 0-8018-1211-9)
  • Galenism: rise and decline of a medical philosophy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1973, ISBN 0-8014-0774-5)
  • The Double Face of Janus and Other Essays in the History of Medicine (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977, ISBN 0-8018-1859-1)


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