Oziroe

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Oziroe
Oziroe arida (8485202531).jpg
Oziroe arida
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Oziroe
Raf.[1]
Type species
Oziroe leuchlora
(syn of O. arida)
Raf.[2]
Synonyms[1]
  • Fortunatia J.F.Macbr.
  • Oziroë Raf., alternate spelling

Oziroe is a genus of bulbous South American plants in the squill subfamily within the asparagus family.[1][3] Within the Scilloideae, it is the sole member of the tribe Oziroëeae and the only genus in the subfamily to be found in the New World.[3]

Description[edit]

Species of Oziroe grow from bulbs, which have contractile roots as well as normal ones. Each bulb produces only a few leaves, which are thick and grooved. The flowering stem (scape) appears at the same time as the leaves. It has bract along its length, with generally one or two flowers on straight stalks (pedicels) appearing from the angle between each bract and the scape. The flowers have six whitish tepals about 6 cm (2.4 in) long which are joined for a short length at the base. Fertilized flowers produce black pear-shaped seeds up to 6–7 mm (0.2–0.3 in) long.[4][5]

Species[edit]

As of March 2013, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognized five species:[6]

  1. Oziroe acaulis (Baker) Speta - Perú, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina
  2. Oziroe argentinensis (Lillo & Hauman) Speta - Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina
  3. Oziroe arida (Poepp.) Speta - Chile
  4. Oziroe biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Speta - Chile, Perú, Bolivia
  5. Oziroe pomensis Ravenna - Perú, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Oziroe", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), retrieved 2013-03-27 
  2. ^ holotype per Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1837. Flora Telluriana 3: 53-54
  3. ^ a b Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), "Asparagales: Scilloideae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2014-02-25
  4. ^ "Oziroe Raf.", eMonocot, retrieved 2013-03-27 
  5. ^ Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2014. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia, Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127(1–2): i–viii, 1–1744.
  6. ^ "Search for Oziroe", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), retrieved 2013-03-27