- Do not confuse with Nuevo Padilla, Tamaulipas, the current seat of the municipality.
Padilla is a municipality and former town located in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. After the inundation the Vicente Guerrero dam in 1970, the seat was moved to the town of Nuevo Padilla, Tamaulipas. Padilla served as the capital of the state of Tamaulipas from 1824 to 1825, and was home to the first Constituent Congress in the state; it is often regarded as the "birthplace of federalism in Tamaulipas."
Padilla is known for being the place where the Mexican liberator and Emperor Agustín de Iturbide was executed by a firing squad. It is also the place where Manuel de Mier y Terán, a Mexican general, took his life with a sword. The town was established in 6 January 1749 by José de Escandón, the a Spanish Indian-fighter in New Spain and the founder and first governor of the colony of Nuevo Santander, and named after Maria Padilla, the wife of Juan Francisco de Güemes, the viceroy of New Spain. During its establishment, over 40 people from Hidalgo, Linares, and Río Blanco resided in the area. As of 2010, the municipality of Padilla has a population of 14,020.
- "”DIAGNÓSTICO Y PLAN MUNICIPAL DE DESARROLLO RURAL SUSTENTABLE" (PDF) (in Spanish). Municipio de Padilla - Estado de Tamaulipas. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Antecedentes Históricos" (in Spanish). Gobierno del Estado de Tamaulipas, México. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Guevara Castillo, Melitón. "Padilla en la Historia" (in Spanish). La Región Tamaulipas. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Rosas, Alejandro. "Sangre en Padilla: la ejecución de Iturbide" (in Spanish). Tu Bicentenario 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- González Lezama, Raúl. "Manuel de Mier y Terán: la intermitencia de su “eterno descanso”" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Educación Pública. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "PADILLA" (in Spanish). Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México ESTADO DE TAMAULIPAS. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "Historia de Padilla" (in Spanish). Municipio de Padilla, Tamaulipas. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "MUNICIPIO DE PADILLA" (PDF) (in Spanish). Gobierno de Tamaulipas. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- (Spanish) Gobierno Municipal de Padilla
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