Palácio Rio Negro
|Palácio Rio Negro|
Main façade of the palace
|Town or city||Petrópolis|
The Palácio Rio Negro (English: Rio Negro Palace) is a palace located in Petrópolis, mountainous region of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is one of the official residences of the President of Brazil, used mainly as a country retreat.
In 1889, three months prior to the Proclamation of the Republic, Manoel Gomes de Carvalho, the Baron of Rio Negro, purchased from the heirs of the Klippel family the lot where his summer residence would be built. In February 1896, the Palace and adjacent buildings were sold to the State of Rio de Janeiro, to serve as the official residence of the state Governor.
In 1903, the Palace was incorporated to the Federal Government, and became the official summer residence of the Presidents of Brazil. Since then, sixteen Presidents have made use of the Rio Negro: Rodrigues Alves, Afonso Pena, Nilo Peçanha, Hermes da Fonseca, Wenceslau Brás, Epitácio Pessoa, Artur Bernardes, Washington Luiz, Getúlio Vargas, Gaspar Dutra, Café Filho, Juscelino Kubitschek, João Goulart, Costa e Silva, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, and most recently Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
It was during the administration of Hermes da Fonseca, that the Palace lived its most brilliant moment, with the wedding of the President and Nair de Tefé - a celebrity at the time, due to her beauty, intelligence, and the caricatures that she published under the pseudonym of Rian.
President Getúlio Vargas was a frequent visitor. He stayed at the Palace every summer, during his 18 years in office.
The palace was more frequently used when the city of Rio de Janeiro was the Capital of Brazil. Since the transfer of the seat of Government to the newly founded Capital City of Brasília, in 1960, use of Rio Negro Palace declined sharply. The palace was not used at all in the 1970s and 1980s although President Fernando Henrique Cardoso resumed use of the palace for brief vacations in the 1990s. Today, Rio Negro Palace is rarely used.
- Palácio Rio Negro Prefeitura de Petrópolis. Retrieved on 2011-05-27. (Portuguese).
- Rio Negro Palace Prefeitura de Petrópolis. Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
- Quadro de Lula já enfeita o Palácio Rio Negro, em Petrópolis O Globo. Retrieved on 2009-07-02. (Portuguese)
- Special TV report on the palace Aired in 2007 by InterTV (Rede Globo). (Portuguese)
- Video about the history of the palace 2010 by SBT. (Portuguese)