As of 2005 the population is 29 924. They live in one town, Panagyurishte and nine villages: Popintsi, Oborishte, Bata, Banya, Poibrene, Levski, Panagyurski kolonii, Elshitsa and Srebrinovo. Most people are employed in industry or in the service sector. Mining, machine building and textiles are well developed. Agriculture is less important. Major crops are barley, wheat, rye and plums. The total length of the roads is only 150 km due to the mountainous relief but are well maintained. The railway is used mainly by freight trains.