Pandion II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In Greek mythology, Pandion II (Ancient Greek: Πανδίων) was a legendary King of Athens, the son and heir of Cecrops II and his wife Metiadusa, and the father of Aegeus, Pallas, Nisos and Lycus.[1]

Pandion II was the eighth king of Athens in the traditional line of succession as given by the third century BC Parian Chronicle, the chronographer Castor of Rhodes (probably from the late third-century Eratosthenes) and the Bibliotheca.[2] He was preceded by Cecrops I, Cranaus, Amphictyon, Erichthonius, Pandion I, Erechtheus, and Cecrops II, and succeeded by and Aegeus and Theseus. Castor gives his reign as 25 years (1307/6–1282/1).[3] Originally there may have been a single Pandion and either Pandion I or Pandion II may have been a later invention in order to fill a gap in the mythical history of Athens.[4] Pausanias calls this Pandion the father of Procne and Philomela, usually considered to be the daughters of Pandion I.

Pandion was exiled from Athens by the sons of his uncle Metion who sought to put Metion on the throne. Pandion fled to Megara where he married Pylia, daughter of King Pylas. Later, Pylas went into voluntary exile to Messenia, because he had killed his uncle, Bias. Pylas then arranged for his son-in-law to be king of Megara. Pylia bore Pandion his four sons. When Pandion died at Megara, Nisos succeeded him as king. He had a hero shrine at Megara at the Bluff of Athene the Diver-bird. After this death, his other sons returned to Athens and drove out the sons of Metion, putting Aegeus on the throne.

Either Pandion II or Pandion I was usually identified with Pandion, the eponymous hero of the Attic tribe Pandionis.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Harding, pp. 48–50; Gantz, pp. 247–248; Smith, "Pandion 5."; Herodotus 1.173, 7.92; Apollodorus, 3.15.5; Strabo, 9.6.1; Pausanias, 1.5.3, 4.1.6 ff., 4.2.6.
  2. ^ Harding, p. 14, 42–50, Gantz, pp. 234–235, 247; Apollodorus, 3.14.5–3.15.5.
  3. ^ Harding, p. 48.
  4. ^ According to Kearns, p. 192, "originally there was only one Pandion"; but see Gantz, p. 235. Harding, p. 42 says: "It is usual to believe that one or the other of the two was invented for the purpose of fixing the chronographic calculations".

References[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Cecrops II
King of Athens Succeeded by
Aegeus