Papal election, 1153

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The papal election of 1153 followed the death of Pope Eugenius III and resulted in the election of Pope Anastasius IV.

Election of Anastasius IV[edit]

Pope Eugenius III died on July 8, 1153, at Tivoli. On July 12 the cardinals elected as his successor cardinal Corrado Demetri della Suburra, bishop of Sabina and dean of the College of Cardinals, who was 80 years old. He took the name Anastasius IV and was crowned on the same day, probably in Rome.[1]

Cardinal-electors[edit]

There were 35 cardinals in the Sacred College of Cardinals in July 1153,[2] but it seems that no more than 30 (perhaps even less) participated in the election:

Elector Cardinalatial Title Elevated Elevator Notes
Corrado Demetri della Suburra Bishop of Sabina 1113/14 Paschalis II Dean of the College of Cardinals; Elected Pope Anastasius IV
Imar, O.S.B.Cluny Bishop of Tusculum 13 March 1142 Innocent II
Guarino Foscari, Can.Reg. Bishop of Palestrina 22 December 1144 Lucius II Cardinal-nephew
Hugo, O.Cist. Bishop of Ostia e Velletri 21 December 1151 Eugenius III
Guido Florentinus Priest of S. Crisogono 1139 Innocent II Protopriest
Gregorio della Suburra Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere 1 March 1140 Innocent II
Ubaldo Allucingoli Priest of S. Prassede 16 December 1138 Innocent II Future Pope Lucius III (1181-1185)
Ottaviano de Monticelli Priest of S. Cecilia 25 February 1138 Innocent II Future Antipope Victor IV (1159-1164)
Manfredo Priest of S. Sabina 17 December 1143 Celestine II
Ariberto Priest of S. Anastasia 17 December 1143 Celestine II
Giovanni Paparoni Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso 17 December 1143 Celestine II
Astaldo degli Astalli Priest of S. Prisca 17 December 1143 Celestine II
Giulio Priest of S. Marcello 19 May 1144 Lucius II
Ubaldo Caccianemici, Can.Reg. Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme 19 May 1144 Lucius II Cardinal-nephew
Guido Puella Priest of S. Pudenziana 22 December 1144 Lucius II
Jordan, O.Carth. Priest of S. Susanna 22 December 1144 Lucius II
Rolando Priest of S. Marco and Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church 22 September 1150 Eugenius III Future Pope Alexander III (1159-1181)
Gerard Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio 2 March 1151 Eugenius III
Cencio de Gregorio Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina 2 March 1151 Eugenius III
Giovanni da Sutri Priest of SS. Giovanni e Paolo 21 February 1152 Eugenius III
Errico Moricotti, O.Cist. Priest of SS. Nereo ed Achilleo 21 February 1152 Eugenius III
Giovanni Mercone Priest of SS. Silvestro e Martino 23 May 1152 Eugenius III
Odone Bonecase Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro 4 March 1132 Innocent II Protodeacon
Rodolfo Deacon of S. Lucia in Septisolio 17 December 1143 Celestine II
Giacinto Bobone Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin 22 December 1144 Lucius II Future Pope Celestine III (1191–98)
Guido di Crema Deacon of S. Maria in Portico 21 September 1145 Eugenius III Future Antipope Paschal III (1164-1168)
Giovanni da Napoli, Can.Reg. Deacon of SS. Sergio e Bacco 22 September 1150 Eugenius III
Gerard de Namur Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata 21 February 1152 Eugenius III
Ottone da Brescia Deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere 21 February 1152 Eugenius III
Bernard de Rennes, O.Cist. Deacon of SS. Cosma e Damiano 23 May 1152 Eugenius III

Six electors were created by Pope Innocent II, five by Pope Celestine II, six by Pope Lucius II, twelve by Pope Eugenius III and one by Pope Paschalis II.

Absentees[edit]

Elector Cardinalatial Title Elevated Elevator Notes
Nicholas Breakspeare, Can.Reg. Bishop of Albano 16 December 1149 Eugenius III Papal legate in Scandinavia;[3] future Pope Adrian IV (1153-1154)
Rainaldo di Collemezzo, O.S.B.Cas. Priest of SS. Marcellino e Pietro ca. 1139-1141 Innocent II Abbot of Montecassino (external cardinal)[4]
Bernard, Can.Reg. Priest of S. Clemente 22 December 1144 Lucius II Papal legate in Germany;[5] archpriest of the Vatican Basilica
Gregorio Deacon of S. Angelo 17 December 1143 Celestine II Papal legate in Germany[6]
Ildebrando Grassi, Can.Reg. Deacon of S. Eustachio 23 May 1152 Eugenius III Papal legate in Lombardy[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Robinson, p. 526; Jaffé, p. 90.
  2. ^ Reconstruction based on Brixius, p. 23.
  3. ^ Zenker, p. 37-38; he did not subscribe any papal bulls between 21 February 1152 and 30 November 1154 (Jaffé, p. 20 and 89).
  4. ^ Ganzer, p. 94-97
  5. ^ Zenker, p. 30; He did not subscribe any papal bulls between 5 February 1153 and 16 February 1154 (Jaffé, p. 20 and 89)
  6. ^ Zenker, p. 49-50; he did not subscribe any papal bulls between 5 February 1153 and 1 January 1154 (Jaffé, p. 20 and 90).
  7. ^ Ganzer, p. 100-101

Sources[edit]

  • Ian Stuart Robinson, The Papacy 1073-1198. Continuity and Innovation, Cambridge University Press 1990
  • Philipp Jaffé, Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita Ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII, vol. II, Leipzig 1888
  • Johannes M. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181, Berlin 1912
  • Barbara Zenker, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130 bis 1159, Würzburg 1964
  • Klaus Ganzer, Die Entwicklung des auswärtigen Kardinalats im hohen Mittelalter, Tübingen 1963