Park Hill, Oklahoma
|Park Hill, Oklahoma|
Park Hill post office
Location of Park Hill, Oklahoma
|• Total||34.9 sq mi (90.3 km2)|
|• Land||34.5 sq mi (89.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|Elevation||748 ft (228 m)|
|• Density||113.3/sq mi (43.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1096432|
Park Hill is a census-designated place (CDP) in southwestern Cherokee County, Oklahoma in the United States. The population was 3,909 at the 2010 census. It lies near Tahlequah, east of the junction of U.S. Route 62 and State Highway 82.
Founded in 1838, Park Hill became the home of many important Cherokee leaders, including John Ross after their removal from the southeastern U.S. It has been called "the center of Cherokee culture."
Park Hill was the "home base" for many of the Cherokee after coming from the East on the "Trail of Tears". In 1829 the Park Hill Mission was established. The mission had one of the earliest presses in Oklahoma, the Park Hill Publishing House. The first post office was established at Park Hill on May 18, 1838, with Samuel Newton as postmaster. It was in Park Hill that Chief John Ross made his home in 1839, as well as his brother-in-law George Murrell, whose home still stands. On May 6, 1847, the post office was moved to Tahlequah. The Cherokee Female Seminary was also built here in 1849.
Park Hill was the center of culture for the Cherokees for many years and as such in 1940 the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in Oklahoma erected a marker at Park Hill declaring it the "Center of Cherokee culture".
The post office at Park Hill was re-established April 22, 1892.
In and around Park Hill are several important sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Murrell Home, the Ross Cemetery, and the original Cherokee Female Seminary. The Cherokee Heritage Center is in Park Hill, on the grounds of the Female Seminary. Echota stomp dance grounds are located on the north side of town.
Park Hill is located at (35.863727, -94.947829).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 34.9 square miles (90 km2), of which, 34.5 square miles (89 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (0.95%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,909 people, 1,260 households, and 986 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 113.3 people per square mile (43.7/km²). There were 1,437 housing units at an average density of 41.6/sq mi (16.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 43.4% White, 1.3% African American, 40.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 4% from other races, and 10.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.9% of the population.
There were 1,254 households out of which 47.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 20.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.1% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 14.1% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.8 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $40,135, and the median income for a family was $37,299. Males had a median income of $32,308 versus $29,125 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,816. About 37.8% of families and 40.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 64.0% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
Notable people from Park Hill
- Elias Boudinot, (1802-1839), Editor of Cherokee Phoenix, assassinated in Park Hill
- Elias Cornelius Boudinot, (1835-1890), son of Elias Boudinot, lived in Park Hill until his father's death.
- Alice Brown Davis, 1852–1935, Principal Chief of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma.
- John Ross, 1790-1866, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation
- Mary G. Ross,(1908-2008) the first Native American female engineer
- Tommy Wildcat, (b. May 3, 1967) a Native American flutist, storyteller, lecturer, and traditionalist.
- Samuel Worcester, (19 January 1798 – 20 April 1859), was a missionary to the Cherokee, translator of the Bible, printer and defender of Cherokee sovereignty. Lived, died, and was buried in Park Hill.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Shirk, George (1987). Oklahoma Place Names. Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 288. ISBN 9780806120287.
- Morris, John (1977). Ghost Towns of Oklahoma. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 229. ISBN 9780806114200.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 U.S. Census: Profile of General Population and Housing". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "2010 U.S. Census: Age Groups and Sex". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "American Community Survey 2006-2010 5-Year Estimates: Selected Economic Characteristics". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Editors. "Historical Notes". Chronicles of Oklahoma 19:1 (March 1941) 99-103. (accessed March 8, 2007)
- Shirk, George H. Oklahoma Place Names. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987. ISBN 0-8061-2028-2 .
- Wright, Murial. "Notes of the Life of Mrs. Hannah Worcester Hicks Hitchcock and the Park Hill Press". Chronicles of Oklahoma 19:4 (December 1941) 348-355. (accessed March 8, 2007)