Parliament on Cetin
The Parliament on Cetin (Croatian: Cetinski sabor) or Parliament of Cetin was a 1527 meeting of the Croatian Parliament in the Cetin Castle that resulted in the Kingdom of Croatia joining the Habsburg Monarchy.
This gathering (sabor) of the nobility of the Kingdom of Croatia was caused by a monarchical crisis after the death of their king Louis II and a major defeat of the Kingdom of Hungary at the Battle of Mohács.
Faced with the overwhelming force of the Ottoman Empire, the Croatian nobles met at Cetin on January 1, 1527 to discuss their strategy and choose a new leader. Louis II, the Hungarian king, had held the crown of Croatia among other titles. After his death, the Croatians had few options, and the election of Ferdinand was a natural one because he was not only the powerful Archduke of Austria, he also ruled the lands of Croatia's Slavic neighbours, the Slovenes, as both Duke of Carinthia and Carniola.
The Cetingrad Charter, the charter signed by the Croatian nobles, which bears a fine example of the chequered state seal of Croatia, is among the most important documents of Croatian statehood and is preserved at the Austrian State Archives in Vienna.
In return for the throne Archduke Ferdinand promised to respect the historic rights, freedoms, laws and customs the Croats had when united with the Hungarian kingdom, and to defend Croatia from Ottoman invasion and subjugation.
The charter electing Ferdinand was confirmed with the seals of six Croatian nobles and four representatives of the Archduke:
- Andrija Tuškanić
- Ivan Karlović
- Nikola III Zrinski, father of Nikola Šubić Zrinski and great-great-grandfather of Nikola VII Zrinski, both future bans of Croatia
- Juraj Frankopan
- Vuk Frankopan
- Stjepan Blagajski
On January 6, 1527, the Slavonian nobility distanced themselves from this election and nominated John Zápolya the rival claimant to the Hungarian throne instead. A civil war erupted, with Francis Batthyány leading the pro-Habsburg faction and Christoph Frankopan leading the pro-Zapolya faction. The Austrian option ultimately prevailed after Zapolya's death in 1540.
- Milan Kruhek: Cetin, grad izbornog sabora Kraljevine Hrvatske 1527, Karlovačka Županija, 1997, Karlovac
- R. W. Seton-Watson. The southern Slav question and the Habsburg Monarchy. p. 18.