Pavle Bakić

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Despot Pavle Bakić
Pavle Bakić
Serbian Despot
Despot of Serbia
Reign 1537
Predecessor Radič Božić
Spouse Teodora
Full name
Pavle Bakić
House Bakić CoatOfArmsOfPetarMihajlovicBakic.png
Born Šumadija, Ottoman Empire (today Serbia)
Died 20 September 1537
Đakovo, Habsburg Monarchy (today Croatia)
Religion Serbian Orthodox Christian, later Protestant[1][need quotation to verify]

Pavle Bakić (Serbian: Павле Бакић, Hungarian: Bakith Pál; ca. 1525 - 20 September 1537) was the last Despot of Serbia, he ruled a large territory under the Hungarian crown until his death in 1537.

Background[edit]

Life[edit]

Pavle had a Turkish timar, as did his father, and was the lord of great estates around Venčac in Šumadija called "Bakić's land". He was highly viewed of by the Ottoman Empire, and had the rights to collect taxes (kharaj) from his people.

In talks with Pál Tomori and Louis II of Hungary, he left his land with his family, five brothers (including Petar Bakić), and a great number of Serbs, into Hungary, and in return he received the town of Lak among other estates. With his forces he participated in the Battle of Mohács in 1526.

When the succession war between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya started, he took the side of Zápolya. After the defeat of Zápolya in the Battle of Tokaj in 1527, Bakić sided with Ferdinand, and would stay faithful to him for the rest of his life. In 1528, Ferdinand confirmed Bakić and his brothers' holdings and appointed him the captain of the Serbian infantry, cavalry and river forces. In the defence of Vienna in 1529, Bakić was an important aspect with his cavalry. After the Ottoman conquest of Syrmia, Radoslav Čelnik sough refuge in Bakić's lands, in Bur.[2] In charters of 1534, Ferdinand again confirmed Bakić and his brothers' holdings (Lak, Győr, Szombathely, Hédervár and all estates that were part of these towns). The fortress of Győr was administered by his Hungarian ally Count György Cseszneky. A charter dated September 20, 1537, titles him as Despot and called all Serbs to join Bakić as the Serbian Despot.

Attempts made by King Ferdinand to push the Ottomans out of Slavonia, with the use of Pavle, were not successful. In 1537, Bakić did not manage to liberate Osijek from the Ottomans, he then retreated towards Đakovo, where he died at the battle of Gorjani against the Ottomans. Mehmed-paša sent his son with the head of Bakić to Constantinople.

Family[edit]

He had two daughters:

  • Margit, married Menyhért Balassa)
  • Angelika, married Imre Révay, later Imre Czobor.

See also[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Radič Božić
Serbian Despot
1528–1537
Succeeded by
Stefan Štiljanović
as unofficial Despot

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.szombathely-lutheran.hu/egyhaztortenet/egyhazkozseg-27.html
  2. ^ Đuro Vukelić; Četnici Gacke doline; Saborci u slobodnom svetu (1991). Gacka dolina i okolina na predstraži srpstva i pravoslavlja. Četnici Gacke doline. p. 43. 

Sources[edit]