Peter Ryan (politician)

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The Honourable
Peter Ryan
Peter Ryan.jpg
26th Deputy Premier of Victoria
In office
2 December 2010 – 4 December 2014
Premier Ted Baillieu
Denis Napthine
Preceded by Rob Hulls
Succeeded by James Merlino
Victorian Minister for Police
In office
2 December 2010 – 13 March 2013
Premier Ted Baillieu
Denis Napthine
Preceded by James Merlino
Succeeded by Kim Wells
Member of the Victorian Parliament
for Gippsland South
In office
3 October 1992 – 2 February 2015
Preceded by Tom Wallace
Succeeded by Danny O'Brien
Personal details
Born (1950-10-30) 30 October 1950 (age 64)
Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party National Party of Australia
Profession Lawyer
Website personal website

Peter Julian Ryan (born 30 October 1950) is a former Australian politician who was leader of the National Party in Victoria. He represented the electoral district of Gippsland South from 1992 to 2015, and from 2010 to 2014 was the Deputy Premier of Victoria as well as the Minister for Rural and Regional Development. In addition, Ryan was the Minister for Police from 2010 to 2013.

Early years[edit]

Ryan was born and raised in Lockington, Northern Victoria. He was educated in Shepparton where he graduated from high school in 1968. He went on to study Law at RMIT. Ryan moved to Sale during 1974 to work for a local law firm Warren, Graham and Murphy. He became partner in 1976 and managing partner in 1989. After an 18-year career in the law, Ryan was preselected as the National Party's candidate for Gippsland South in 1991 and elected to the Victorian Parliament as the Member for Gippsland South in 1992, replacing Tom Wallace. Ryan was a member of several parliamentary committees between 1992 and 1999.

Leadership ascension[edit]

Rural discontent led to a shock defeat for the Kennett Government in 1999, with large swings in rural and regional Victoria to the ALP delivering a minority Labor Government with support from three independents. Kennett left the parliament shortly after the election, and National Party leader Pat McNamara resigned as leader in December 1999. Ryan was elected as leader unopposed. One of his first acts as leader was to tear up the Coalition agreement and move the Nationals to the crossbenches as a separate party.[1] The Liberals and Nationals have historically had a strained relationship in Victoria; while they are Coalition at the federal level, they sat separately for most of the second half of the 20th century in Victoria until renewing the Coalition at state level in 1992.

Opposition years[edit]

The Nationals remained in opposition from 1999 to 2010. In mid-2000, McNamara left the parliament and his hitherto safe seat of Benalla was also lost to the ALP. At the 2002 election, the Nationals received only 4.3% of the primary vote and were reduced to just seven seats in the Assembly and four seats in the Council; the combined total of eleven was the minimum required to maintain Third Party status.[2] However, they did manage to win back Benalla despite the ALP landslide.

However, the Nationals were steadily re-defining themselves as a party distinct from the Liberals. Soon after Ryan took over the leadership, they rebranded themselves as the "VicNats." Ryan uttered several sharp criticisms of the Liberals' most prominent figures, particularly their no-tolls policy on the Melbourne Eastlink freeway[3] and on former leader Robert Doyle's remarks that the Liberals were twenty seats from government, a statement that assumed that the Nationals would support a Liberal government.[4]

Relations soured further at the beginning of 2006 when Senator Julian McGauran defected from the Nationals to the Liberals.[5] Federal party leader Mark Vaile accused McGauran of betrayal, while Ryan stated that "People treat deserters exactly in the way that this fellow will be treated and reviled for the rest of his days. And justifiably so."[6]

In 2003 the party was re-branded as The Nationals in line with the federal party, although the official name remains the National Party of Australia.[7]

2006 election[edit]

Peter Ryan addresses the media after the 2006 election

Many commentators had stated that The Nationals were facing electoral oblivion at the 2006 election, especially when rumours emerged of a possible preference deal between the Liberals and the ALP which would favour the Liberals against the Nationals, and the ALP against the Greens.[8] Changes to the Upper House were also likely to slash the Nationals from four members to just one. Ten days prior to the election, Ryan gave what one commentator described the "speech of the campaign thus far" when he lambasted the major parties for their planned actions.

"Welcome", he said, "to Survivor Spring Street", an exercise in reality politics in which "associations that in some instances have been developed for years, amount to an absolute hill of beans", one in which the support offered through long-standing political partnership "is thrown back in your face".[9]

The Nationals went on to increase their primary vote to 5.17%, winning two seats in the Assembly which were offset by two losses in the Legislative Council (the upper house).[10] One notable victory was in Mildura, where Peter Crisp defeated the incumbent Russell Savage (one of the three independents who had removed the Nationals from power in 1999), an event which Ryan described as "an impossible dream".[11]

Premier Steve Bracks resigned unexpectedly in July 2007. Unlike the Liberal leader, Ted Baillieu, Ryan commended Bracks on his parliamentary career and thanked him for his professionalism.[12] This action is in step with what one commentator describes as "an unprecedented warm relationship with the state Labor Government", which includes reciprocating support for committee chairs.[13]

Coalition[edit]

In February 2008 Ryan announced at a joint news conference with Baillieu that the Victorian Nationals and Liberals would join in a new coalition agreement.[14] As part of the arrangement, both parties agreed to hold joint party meetings, develop joint policies, allocate five shadow cabinet positions to the Nationals, abolish three-cornered contests (in all but very exceptional circumstances) and run joint Upper House tickets in the non-metropolitan Regions.[15] Ryan became the Shadow Minister for Regional and Rural Development and the Shadow Minister for Manufacturing, Exports and Trade.[16] Following the summer bushfires of 2009, Ryan was appointed Shadow Minister for Bushfire Response by the Coalition.[17]

Deputy Premier of Victoria[edit]

The 2010 election saw the defeat of the John Brumby Labor government and the election of Ted Baillieu as Premier and Peter Ryan, as customary in a coalition agreement, his deputy and hence, Deputy Premier of Victoria. The Nationals at the 2010 election under Ryan's leadership won the seat of Gippsland East from an Independent, boosting the Nationals Legislative Assembly representation from 9 to 10. Ryan was also the Minister for Rural and Regional Development in the coalition government.

After the Napthine Coalition government's defeat at the 2014 state election, Ryan stepped down as leader of the Nationals in Victoria, and was succeeded by Peter Walsh.[18]

On 2 February 2015, Ryan announced his resignation from parliament, which triggered a by-election in his electorate of Gippsland South.[19]

Personal life[edit]

Ryan is married to Trish and has three children.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chris Johnston – Attack the best defence for Ryan. Thanks, CiceroThe Age, 27 November 2006
  2. ^ Victorian Electoral Commission – 2002 Election Results
  3. ^ Nick Lenaghan Opposition splits on tollway
  4. ^ Jason Dowling State Nationals send warning to Doyle, The Age, 29 January 2006
  5. ^ Liberals accept McGauran The Herald Sun, 3 February 2006
  6. ^ PM denies Liberals poached McGauran The Age, 24 January 2006
  7. ^ Party Website – History of The Nationals
  8. ^ Paul Austin – Nats 'will retaliate' on preferencesThe Age, 7 November 2006
  9. ^ Paul Austin – The preferences fallout: Peter Ryan plays 'Survivor of Spring Street'The Age, 16 November 2006
  10. ^ Victorian Electoral Commission – 2006 Election Results
  11. ^ Chris Johnston – Attack the best defence for Ryan. Thanks, CiceroThe Age,27 November 2006
  12. ^ Steve Bracks Resigns – Comments by Baillieu and Ryan, 28 July 2007
  13. ^ Jason Dowling – Wanna be in my gang?The Age, 4 March 2007
  14. ^ David Rood – Libs, Nats revive coalitionThe Age, 11 February 2008
  15. ^ Media Release – Liberal Party and The Nationals agree to form Coalition in Victoria – 13 February 2008
  16. ^ Coalition Shadow Cabinet
  17. ^ http://www.vicnats.com/news/article.aspx?ID=8391
  18. ^ Savage, Alison (4 December 2014). "Peter Walsh takes over National Party leadership with new MP as deputy". ABC News. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  19. ^ "Vic Nationals MP Peter Ryan retires". news.com.au. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
Victorian Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Tom Wallace
Member for Gippsland South
1992–2015
Succeeded by
Danny O'Brien
Political offices
Preceded by
Rob Hulls
Deputy Premier of Victoria
2010–2014
Succeeded by
James Merlino
Preceded by
James Merlino
Minister for Police
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Kim Wells
Party political offices
Preceded by
Pat McNamara
Leader of the National Party in Victoria
1999–2014
Succeeded by
Peter Walsh