Peter of Aspelt

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Peter of Aspelt

Peter of Aspelt (died 1320) was Archbishop of Mainz from 1306 to 1320,[1] and an influential political figure of the period. He brought the archbishopric to its peak of power.[2]

He was born at Aspelt, Luxembourg, and was appointed to the leadership of the Archbishopric of Trier, with John Gylet. He was Bishop of Basel from 1296 to 1306.[3] Once personal physician to Rudolf of Habsburg, he became an opponent of the Habsburgs on the wider European stage.[4]

He was chancellor to Wenceslaus II, and supported Henry, Count of Luxemburg in his election as Holy Roman Emperor.[5] He administered Luxembourg during the minority of Henry's son, John of Luxemburg,[6] whom he helped become King of Bohemia.[7] He also promoted, as an Elector, the cause of Henry's successor Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

A 1310 confrontation with the Knights Templar led in due course to his taking a protective line towards them.[8]


  1. ^ Imperial Archbishops
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Mainz". Catholic Encyclopedia 9. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1910. 
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Diocese of Basle-Lugano". Catholic Encyclopedia 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1907. 
  4. ^ Peter Herde, p. 530 in The New Cambridge Medieval History (2005), editor Rosamond McKitterick.
  5. ^ Francis Dvornik, The Slavs in European History and Civilization (1986), p. 35.
  6. ^ Master Theodoric, About Emperor Charles IV
  7. ^ The Czechs And The Moravians: A History
  8. ^ Malcolm Barber, The Trial of the Templars (2006), p. 251.

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