Physical Review B
|Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Former name(s)||Physical Review, Physical Review B: Condensed Matter Physics|
|Abbreviated title (ISO 4)||Phys. Rev. B, PRB|
|Discipline||condensed matter physics
|Edited by||Laurens W. Molenkamp|
|Publisher||American Physical Society (United States)|
|Publication history||1970 to present|
|Frequency||4 issues per month|
Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (also known as PRB) is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal, published by the American Physical Society (APS). The Editor of PRB is Laurens W. Molenkamp. It is part of the Physical Review family of journals. The Editor in Chief of the APS journals is Gene D. Sprouse. PRB currently publishes over 6000 papers a year, making it one of the largest physics journals in the world. According to the Journal Citation Reports, PRB's 2011 impact factor is 3.691.
The focus of this journal is on new results in condensed matter physics, which includes a wide variety of subject areas, such as semiconductors, superconductivity, magnetism, structure, phase transitions, ferroelectrics, nonordered systems, liquids, quantum solids, superfluidity, electronic structure, photonic crystals, mesoscopic systems, surfaces, clusters, fullerenes, graphene, nanoscience, etc.
Brief History 
PRB was created in 1970 by the split of the original Physical Review (founded in 1893) into four parts (A,B,C,D), based on subject matter. Peter D. Adams was the Editor from inception until 2012 until Laurens W. Molenkamp took over. Anthony M. Begley is currently the Managing Editor.
PRB has a reputation among professional physicists for publishing useful, comprehensive long papers in physics. It also contains short (four page) papers in its Rapid Communications section, designed for research important enough to deserve special handling and speedy publication. The journal can be searched for free via PROLA. Titles and abstracts can be viewed for free but a journal subscription is needed to read the full text of papers. PRB and the other APS journals are available entirely for free at many US public libraries. PRB is rare among physics journals in that it has a staff of 12 full-time professional editors  and does not employ the more common model of using part-time editors who are active researchers. The journal is available in print format (at University libraries) but the archival version is the online one. Authors can pay extra charges to make their papers open access. Such papers are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (CC-BY), the most permissive of the CC licenses, which permits authors and others to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt the work, provided that proper credit is given. A small percentage of the PRB papers published are chosen (highlighted) by the PRB editors to be Editors' Suggestions, as seen at http://prb.aps.org. Artistic images from papers in the journal are published as a feature named "Kaleidoscope" at http://prb.aps.org/kaleidoscope.
Abstracting and Indexing 
Physical Review B is indexed in the following bibliographic databases:
-  About the Physical Review Journals
-  About Physical Review B
-  PRB ranked by the Eigenfactor, University of Washington, 2012
- "Society History". American Physical Society.
-  PROLA (Physical Review Online Archive)
- "Announcement of public library program". American Physical Society. 28 July 2010.
-  Physical Review B Staff
-  APS Open Access announcement, Americal Physical Society, 15 February 2011
-  Details of Creative Commons license
-  Announcement of PRB Editors' Suggestions, American Physical Society, 1 April 2008
-  Announcement of PRB Kaleidoscope, American Physical Society, 6 March 2008