Plumbago zeylanica

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Plumbago zeylanica
Plumbago zeylanica1MTFL.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Plumbaginaceae
Genus: Plumbago
Species: P. zeylanica
Binomial name
Plumbago zeylanica
L.
Synonyms

Plumbago scandens L.[1]

Plumbago zeylanica, commonly known as Ceylon Leadwort or Doctorbush,[2] is a species of plumbago with a pantropical distribution. Carl Linnaeus described the paleotropical P. zeylanica and neotropical P. scandens as separate species, but they are currently considered synonymous. Ceylon Leadwort is a herbaceous plant with glabrous stems that are climbing, prostrate, or erect. The leaves are petiolate or sessile and have ovate, lance-elliptic, or spatulate to oblanceolate blades that measure 5-9 × 2.5-4 cm in length. Bases are attenuate while apexes are acute, acuminate, or obtuse. Inflorescences are 3-15 cm in length and have glandular, viscid rachises. Bracts are lanceolate and 3-7 × 1-2 mm long. The heterostylous flowers have white corollas 17-33 mm in diameter and tubes 12.5-28 mm in length. Capsules are 7.5-8 mm long and contain are reddish brown to dark brown seeds.[1]

Plant extracts have shown potent mosquito larvicidal activity against the larvae of Aedes aegypti while showing no toxicity to fish[3]

Hexane extracts of Plumbago zeylanica have shown activity against canine distemper virus.[4]

Hexane extract of plumbago zeylanicaPlumbagin shows Antimicrobial activity[5]

Methanol extract of plumbago zeylanicaPositive inotropic activity[6]

Enzymatic spectrum of herbal Plants Plumbago Linn. [7]

Bioactive spectra of Plumbagin. [8]

methanol extract of plumbago zeylanica shows effect on root- knot nematode Meloidogyne spp. [9].


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Plumbago zeylanica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 151. 1753.". Flora of North America. eFloras.org. Retrieved 2011-06-30. 
  2. ^ "Taxon: Plumbago zeylanica L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-03-19. Retrieved 2011-02-23. 
  3. ^ Patil CD, Patil SV, Salunke BK, Salunkhe RB"Bioefficacy of Plumbago zeylanica (Plumbaginaceae) and Cestrum nocturnum (Solanaceae) plant extracts against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicide) and nontarget fish Poecilia reticulata. Parasitol Res." 2011 May;108(5):1253-63
  4. ^ Bagla VP, McGaw LJ, Eloff JN"The antiviral activity of six South African plants traditionally used against infections in ethnoveterinary medicine." Vet Microbiol. 2011 Sep 17;

5. Dama L.B., Poul B.N.and Jadhav B.V. (1998). Antimicrobial activity of Napthoquinonic compounds. J. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Monit. 8:213-215.

6. Poul B.N, Dama L.B.,and Jadhav B.V. (1999). Positive inotropic activity of Plumbagin. D. E. I. J. Sci. Engineering Res. 11: 26-29.

7. Poul B. N., Dama L.B. and Jadhav B. V. (1999). Enzymatic spectrum of herbal Plants Plumbago Linn. Asian J. Chem. 11(1):273-275.

8. Poul B. N., DamaL.B. and Jadhav B. V. (1999). Bioactive spectra of Plumbagin. Asian J. Chem. 11 (1):144-148.

9. Dama L.B. (2002).  Effect of naturally occurring napthoquinones on root- knot nematode Meloidogyne spp. Indian Phytopathology. 55 (1): 67-69.

External links[edit]

Media related to Plumbago zeylanica at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Plumbago zeylanica at Wikispecies