Poictesme (pronounced "pwa-tem") is a fictional country or province which forms the setting of the fantasy works of James Branch Cabell, known collectively as Biography of the Life of Manuel. Poictesme is ruled by the Count Dom Manuel.
At the height of Cabell's popularity in the 1920s, Cabell's publishers sold framed wall-maps of Poictesme. 
The Virginia Commonwealth University undergraduate literary journal is named Poictesme after the fictional province.
In H. Beam Piper's popular science fiction novel, Junkyard Planet (Putnams 1963 & Wildside Press, 2007 ISBN 978-1-4344-0085-7, also published as "The Cosmic Computer" in paperback edition), Poictesme is the name of the planet on which the main body of the story occurs. A specific reference is made to Cabell.
Poictesme and Lotharingia are two of the three kingdoms in a short story by Isaac Asimov, "Prince Delightful and the Flameless Dragon". The story first appeared in Once Upon a Time; it also appears in Asimov's anthology Magic: The Final Fantasy Collection (Harper Collins Publishers, 1996, ISBN 0-06-105205-1).
- Darrell Schweitzer, "Cabell, James Branch", in St. James Guide To Fantasy Writers, ed. David Pringle, London, St. James Press, 1996, ISBN 1-55862-205-5, (p. 91-93).
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