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A billiard/billiards, pool or snooker hall (or parlour/parlor, room or club; sometimes compounded as poolhall, poolroom, etc.) is a place where people get together for playing cue sports such as pool, snooker or carom billiards. Such establishments often serve alcohol and may have gaming machines, darts, foosball and other games on the side. The largest pool hall in the United States of America is Q-Master Billiards located in Virginia Beach, Virginia. One of the largest dedicated snooker clubs in the UK is Hazel Grove Snooker Club with 33 tables.
In North America in the 1950s and 1960s especially, pool halls in particular were perceived as a social ill by many, and laws were passed in many jurisdictions to set age limits at pool halls and restrict gambling and the sale of alcohol. The song "Trouble" in the 1957 hit musical The Music Man lampooned this prejudice (even contrasting carom billiards, requiring "judgement, brains, and maturity", versus pool, said to be a gateway to laziness, gambling, smoking and philandering). Public perception had changed considerably by the 1990s.
In popular culture
Pool halls necessarily feature prominently in the novel and film The Hustler, and their sequel book and movie, The Color of Money, as well as other pool films such as Poolhall Junkies and Shooting Gallery. The historic depth of American pool halls and their subculture was touched on in The Color of Money in various ways, including dialogue extolling the virtues of particular landmark venues, the disappointment at discovering one such hall's closure, a comment that regulars at a well-known hall "never leave the street" it is on, and the return of a pool hall janitor in The Hustler as a hall owner decades later in the sequel.
- "Q-Master Billiards". Q-Master Billiards. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Chidley, Joe; Nemeth, Mary (March 24, 1995). "Pool Gets Respect". Maclean's (Toronto: Rogers Communications). ISSN 0024-9262.[unreliable source?]
- Willson, Meredith (writer) (1957 (1962)). The Music Man (stage (film adaptation, VHS/DVD)). Frank Productions, Inc., et al., producers (Warner Bros. Pictures).