Port of Haydarpaşa

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Port of Haydarpaşa
Port of Haydarpaşa-1.jpg
Port of Haydarpaşa
Location
Country Turkey
Location Haydarpaşa, Istanbul
Coordinates 41°00′12″N 29°00′50″E / 41.00333°N 29.01389°E / 41.00333; 29.01389Coordinates: 41°00′12″N 29°00′50″E / 41.00333°N 29.01389°E / 41.00333; 29.01389
Details
Opened 1899
Operated by Turkish State Railways
Available berths 21
Piers 2
Port operations director Musa Sırt[1]
Container 1,200 vessels/year at 5 terminals
Ro-ro and ro-pax 360 vessels/year
General cargo 1,134 cargo ships/year
Website
http://www.tcdd.gov.tr/home/detail/?id=273

The Port of Haydarpaşa, also known as the Port of Haidar Pasha (Turkish: Haydarpaşa Limanı) is a general cargo seaport, ro-ro and container terminal, situated in Haydarpaşa, Istanbul at the southern entrance to the Bosphorus. The port is operated by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) and serves a hinterland which includes the country's most industrialized areas.

It is the biggest container port in the Marmara Region[2] and with an annual cargo volume exceeding six million metric tons (MT), is Turkey's third biggest port after Mersin, Ambarli and Izmir.[3]

History[edit]

Port construction was commenced by the Anatolian Railway on April 20, 1899. The Company operated the port until the newly established Turkish Republic purchased it on May 24, 1924. On May 31, 1927, the port's administration was handed over to the Turkish State Railways, which is controlled by the Ministry of Public Works and Settlement.

On February 5, 1953, an extension project for the Port of Haydarpaşa was undertaken. The first part of the extension was completed in 1954 and the remainder in 1967.[4]

Port facilities[edit]

The port of Haydarpaşa seen from the Fourth Courtyard of the Topkapı Palace

The Port has 21 berths alongside two large piers. The berths are specialized for particular port industries, with one for motor boat servicing at 150 m length, two for dry bulk cargo (430 m long), 8 large size berths for general cargo (between 160 and 334 m), 3 midsize general cargo berths (between 50 and 97 m), two ro-ro terminals (141 and 164 m) and finally 5 container terminals (between 295 and 350 m). The depth of water at the quays varies between 5 and 10 m. The vessels in the port are protected by two breakwaters from all kinds of effects caused by the weather and sea.

Sea crafts of the port comprise 3 tugboats up to 2500 HP and 2 mooring watercrafts.

Container terminal[edit]

Total container handling capacity of the five container terminals is 1,700 vessels a year.[5] Operations are carried out by 4 quayside gantry cranes of 40 tons capacity, 18 rubber tired transtainers (40 tons capacity), 9 reach stackers (25 to 42 tons) and 8 empty container forklifts (8 to 10 tons). 9 shore and yard cranes (3 to 35 tons), 6 mobile cranes (5 to 25 tons), 8 standard and 30 small masted forklifts are also available. Another facility available at the terminal is the provision of reefer facilities for refrigerated containers.

The space for container terminal is nearly 100.000 m² with a holding capacity of 15,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU).[6] The annual handling capacity of the Port is 750,000 TEU. A container freight station of 3,600 m² is available behind the container quay. In addition to the open storage area of 313,000 m² and covered area of 21,000 m², there exists a container land terminal outside the port in Göztepe for stacking the empty containers. It covers an area of 55,000 m² with a holding capacity of 52,800 TEUTEU.[7]

Container loading and unloading, and custom clearance are made in the terminal at the port.

Ro-ro terminal[edit]

The ro-ro terminal can accommodate 360 vessels per year, and handle 410,000 tons of cargo, 65,000 trucks and 60,000 cars a year. There is a bi-weekly ro-pax cargo and passenger ferry service between the ports Haydarpaşa and Illichivsk, Ukraine. .[2]

General cargo handling equipment[edit]

At the port, 1,134 general cargo ships can be serviced a year. The floating crafts comprise one floating crane of 250 tons capacity, 17 shore and yard cranes (3 to 35 tons), 17 mobile cranes (5 to 25 tons), 67 general cargo forklifts (2 to 5 tons), one loader, 6 tractors, 25 trailers (40 tons), 10 trailers (20 tons) and two weigh-bridges of 100 tons capacity.

Bulk handling facilities[edit]

Two berths serve the dry bulk traffic of up to 79 vessels a year. A grain silo of 34,000 tons capacity belonging to the Turkish Grain Board (TMO) is available and has a conveyor connection with the quay.

Rail ferry terminal[edit]

The rail ferry terminal and ferries are operated between Sirkeci and Haydarpaşa, the two sides of Bosphorus. Each of the three rail ferries with 480 tons capacity can transfer 14 rail carriages.

Port navigation[edit]

Pilotage is compulsory for berthing and unberthing and anchoring. The service is provided by the Turkish Maritime Administration (TDİ) round the clock. Pilots meet vessels west of a line passing through the light on the breakwater of Kumkapı Fishing Boat Harbour on the European side of Marmara Sea.

Towage, not necessary for the vessels up to 2,000 GRT, and mooring boat is compulsory and arranged by pilot. The service is provided by the Port Authority round the clock.

Future project[edit]

A tourism project is envisaged to evaluate land and achieve urban transformation, which came up 2003, foresees that Haydarpaşa will contribute to economic, cultural and social life through the station, port and hinterland. Haydarpaşa will be left inactive after the completion of the Marmaray Project[8] and removal of the port to the Port of Ambarlı, the second biggest port of Istanbul.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TCDD Teşkilat Yapısı-Liman İşletme Müdürlüğü" (in Turkish). TCDD. Retrieved 2010-08-12. 
  2. ^ a b "Ports of Turkey - Port of Haydarpaşa". Cerrahoğulları Shipping. 
  3. ^ Baysal, M. Emin; Mehmet Uygur and Bilal Toklu (2004). "A Study of the Relative Efficiency of TCDD Ports, using Data Envelopment Analysis". J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ. (in Turkish) 19 (4): 437–442.  [dead link]
  4. ^ TCDD Haydarpaşa Limanı (Turkish)
  5. ^ Yenidünya, Zafer (2006-06-12). "(TUR-C8.32) - TCDD Limanları - Haydarpaşa Limanı". Wow Turkey (in Turkish). 
  6. ^ http://opolat.pau.edu.tr/docs/Performance%20Evaluation%20of%20Container%20Terminal%20Operations.PDF
  7. ^ "Haydarpaşa Port". Turkish State Railways. 
  8. ^ "A Century Old Dream, The Maramaray Project Has Been Implemented...". Republic of Turkey-Ministry of Transport. 
  9. ^ "Haydarpaşa Taşınıyor". Arkitera (in Turkish). 2003-12-01.