Post Captain (novel)

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Post Captain
Post Captin cover.jpg
First edition
Author Patrick O'Brian
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Series Aubrey–Maturin series
Genre Historical novel
Publisher Collins (UK)
Publication date
1972
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback) & Audio Book (Cassette, CD)
Pages 414 pages (first edition, hardback) & 416 - 496 pages (depending on paperback edition)[1]
ISBN ISBN 0-00-221657-4, (first edition, hardback) & ISBN 0-00-613666-4 (paperback edition UK)
OCLC 38885590
823/.9/14
LC Class PZ3.O1285 Po PR6029.B55
Preceded by Master and Commander
Followed by HMS Surprise

Post Captain is the second historical novel in the Aubrey–Maturin series by Patrick O'Brian, first published in 1972. It features the characters of Captain Jack Aubrey and naval surgeon Stephen Maturin in the early 19th century.

The naval captain is put on land with the brief Peace of Amiens, allowing both him and his friend to meet the women they love, then have life turned upside down by decisions of the prize court, a dishonest prize-agent and Napoleon.

Plot summary[edit]

With the Peace of Amiens, Jack Aubrey returns to England and rents a house with Stephen Maturin, with shipmates running the household, spending time in the hunt. He meets the Williams family, and their cousin Diana Villiers. Aubrey courts Sophia Williams (the eldest daughter), while Stephen Maturin pursues Diana. Aubrey wants to marry Sophia Williams but delays in making a firm engagement. His fortune abruptly disappears when his prize-agent absconds with his funds and the prize court finds his capture of two merchant ships not valid. The court demands he repay the prize money, a sum beyond his means. Mrs Williams takes her daughters away to Bath on this news. Aubrey dallies with Diana, straining his friendship with Maturin and showing himself indecisive on land, compared to his ways at sea. Aubrey and Maturin flee England to avoid Aubrey being taken by the bailiffs.

In Toulon to visit the affable and hospitable Christy Pallière, the French captain who had captured Aubrey's first command Sophie before the peace, they learn from him that war is imminent. French authorities round up all English subjects. Aubrey and Maturin escape over the Pyrenees to Catalonia with Maturin disguised as an itinerant trainer and his dancing bear (Aubrey in a bear suit). After reaching Catalonia, where Stephen has property, they make their way to Gibraltar where Aubrey and Maturin take passage aboard a British East India Company ship. The ship is captured by the privateer Bellone, but a British squadron overtakes them and rescues Aubrey, Maturin and the other passengers.

In England, Aubrey is offered a letter of marque by Mr. Canning, a wealthy Jewish merchant. At the same gathering at Queeney's, Mrs Williams and Cecilia are among the guests; Sophia did not realize he would be there, so she stayed home with Frances. Mrs Williams learns of Stephen's castle in Spain and his training as a physician, raising his status in her eyes. An inadequate thief approaches Aubrey as he walks outdoors; Mr. Scriven proves to be a useful friend, knowing the law of debt and where Aubrey can be safe from bailiffs. He and Stephen move to The Grapes, safe in the Savoy.

Jack is given command of HMS Polychrest, so he turns Canning down. He is allowed a request, that Tom Pullings get his step to lieutenant, which delights Pullings. Polychrest is an odd ship that was purpose-built to launch a secret rocket weapon whose development was abandoned when its designer was killed during a test fire. The ship is structurally weak and sails poorly, and first lieutenant Parker is free with punishment. Under the command of Admiral Harte, Jack is given a free hand, to enrich the Admiral. His luck does not prevail; Aubrey drives the privateer Bellone aground outside a Spanish port, gaining no money but much approval from merchants. Having disappointed Admiral Harte, Aubrey is assigned to escort convoys up and down the English Channel. He gains a reputation for lingering in port as he carries on a furtive affair with Diana. Maturin is sent on an intelligence gathering mission in Spain. Upon return, Maturin is advised by Heneage Dundas to warn Aubrey about his reputation with the Admiralty. When Maturin does so, Aubrey gets angry. Soon they challenge each other to a duel. While in port, Aubrey calls on Diana, but finds her with Canning. Aubrey is ordered to raid the French port of Chaulieu to sink the assembled French troopships and gunboats and to destroy the corvette Fanciulla. The crew plans to mutiny because of the harsh treatment from Parker. Maturin overhears their plans and warns Aubrey - the first time they speak since the challenge. Aubrey quashes the mutiny by putting the instigators and some loyal crew in a ship's boat and then begins the attack on the moment. He rues his angry words with Maturin and his inability to take them all back in that moment. During the engagement in Chaulieu, the Polychrest runs aground. Jack leads three of the ship's boats to board and capture the Fanciulla. The successful Polychrests refloat the Polychrest, which founders soon after leaving Chaulieu, as the crew transfer to Fanciulla. After the battle, Aubrey and Maturin resume their friendship, and the challenge is forgotten by both.

Aubrey returns to England in the Fanciulla and is promoted to Post-captain. Not wanting to be ashore, he asks for any command. He is assigned as temporary captain for HMS Lively whose Captain, Sir Graham Hamond, has taken leave to sit in Parliament.

Returning from Spain, Maturin tells Sir Joseph that the Spanish will declare war as soon as four ships full of bullion from Montevideo are safely in Cadiz. At Maturin's urging, Sophia asks Jack to transport her and Cecilia to the Downs. While on board, Sophia and Jack come to an agreement not to marry anyone else; Jack is too poor to propose a satisfactory marriage settlement to Mrs Williams. Maturin is close friends with Sophia, but does not take up her advice to propose to Diana. While attending an opera, he sees that Diana is being kept by Canning; his pain is deep. Maturin takes no pay for his intelligence work; he does ask a favor, that the Lively be included in the squadron sent to intercept the Spanish. The Admiralty grants this request, and tasks Maturin to negotiate the treasure fleet's surrender. Because of Maturin's temporary rank and his connection to the Admiralty, Aubrey realizes that Maturin has been involved in intelligence work for Britain. This other side of Maturin, along with Maturin's practice on board with pistols and with swords, reveals more in a man he thought he knew totally. The Spanish convoy refuses to surrender by negotiation and a battle breaks out. One Spanish frigate (the Mercedes) explodes and the other three (Fama, Clara, Medea) surrender to the chase. The Clara, carrying the treasure, strikes her colours to the Lively, greatly pleasing its captain. Then he chases the Fama, having two Spanish captains to dinner, along with Dr Maturin, when they all toast Sophia.

Characters[edit]

See also Recurring characters in the Aubrey–Maturin series

  • Jack Aubrey - Commander of the Polychrest and later appointed Captain of HMS Lively.
  • Stephen Maturin - ship's surgeon, natural philosopher, friend to Jack and intelligence officer; son of Irish and Catalan parents, knows both countries well.
  • Sophia Williams - eldest daughter of three, fair haired beauty of strong character, who lives in the neighborhood where Jack Aubrey takes a house during the brief peace; Jack falls in love with her but is indecisive with her in contrast to his decisive nature at sea.
  • Mrs. Williams - Mother of Sophia, Cecilia and Frances Williams, widowed; she is protective of her daughters while working to find a suitable husband for each; unpleasant personality.
  • Diana Villiers - Same age cousin of Sophia Williams, both orphaned and widowed in India, now living with her Williams cousins. Both Stephen Maturin and Jack Aubrey are attracted to her dark-haired beauty and abrupt ways; Stephen surprises himself that he can fall in love again.
  • Heneage Dundas - Close friend of Jack Aubrey.
  • Lt. Parker - 1st Lieutenant of the Polychrest, about 50, caught the notice of Prince William.
  • Lt. Tom Pullings - young 2nd Lieutenant of the Polychrest, after his stint with the British East India Company during the peace, on the ship Lord Nelson Aubrey and Maturin board at Gibralar.
  • William Babbington – midshipman in Polychrest.
  • Christy Pallière - Captain of the French ship that took the Sophie, with cousins in Bath who Jack Aubrey visited when also visiting Sophia.
  • Lord Melville - First Lord of the Admiralty when war resumes.
  • Sir Joseph Blaine - Stephen Maturin's contact at the Admiralty, and an entomologist.
  • Mr. Adam Scriven - An unemployed literary man and translator who instructs Aubrey and Maturin in the laws of debt and the safe haven of the Duchy of Lancaster, the Liberty of the Savoy in the midst of London.
  • Mrs. Broad - She runs The Grapes, the inn in the Savoy, where Jack Aubrey is safe from bailiffs wanting to take him for debt, so he and Stephen Maturin set up there.

Ships[edit]

The British
The French
  • Fanciulla
  • Bellone (Privateer)
The Spanish
  • Medea - frigate
  • Fama - frigate
  • Clara - frigate
  • Mercedes - frigate

Allusions[edit]

References to events in history[edit]

Stephen, in presenting his radical position against the tyranny of the navy in a fit of rage, says that he would "certainly have joined the mutineers" had he been at the Spithead Mutiny.[2]

The Peace of Amiens was signed 25 March 1802 by Joseph Bonaparte and the Marquess Cornwallis as a "Definitive Treaty of Peace". The consequent Peace of Amiens lasted only one year, ending on 18 May 1803. It was the only period of peace during the so-called 'Great French War' between 1793 and 1815.

The last action in the novel, a British convoy chasing the Spanish convoy returning with gold from South America is based on a real action, the Battle of Cape Santa Maria. The British convoy included the HMS Indefatigable, HMS Lively, HMS Medusa and HMS Amphion. In the novel, Jack Aubrey is assigned as temporary captain of the Lively, to be in the successful action instead of her assigned Captain, Sir Graham Hamond, 2nd Baronet, who was not away in Parliament for that action.[3]

Allusions to Literature[edit]

Further information: Ossian and James Macpherson

In a conversation with MacDonald, Stephen argues about the various qualities of the gaelic poet Ossian's writing and authenticity.[4] This references similar controversy which had arisen during the period about the true authorship of James Macpherson's translation of his epic cycle, and continues to be questioned today in literary circles. In this same conversation, MacDonald references the Roman legal principle "falsum in unam, falsum in omnibus," which translates to "false in one thing, false in all things."[4]

Literary significance and criticism[edit]

"One of the finest seafaring novels of the Napoleonic wars." — R. W., Taranaki Herald (New Zealand), on Post Captain[5]
"Master and Commander raised almost dangerously high expectations, Post Captain triumphantly surpasses them. Mr. O'Brian is a master of his period, in which his characters are finely placed, while remaining three-dimensional, thoroughly human beings. This book sets him at the very top of his genre; he does not just have the chief qualifications of a first-class historical novelist, he has them all. The action scenes are superb; towards the end, far from being aware that one is reading what is, physically, a fairly long book, one notes with dismay that there is not much more to come....A brilliant book." — Mary Renault, on Post Captain[6]

Library Journal found this to be a "rich blend of adventure, romance, and intrigue", reviewing an audio book version read by John Lee[7]

The backdrop of this novel is the temporary cessation of British-French hostilities in 1803 and the consequent stalling of British naval officer Jack Aubrey's promotion from commander to post captain. As he wonders if he will ever be promoted or get another ship, Jack learns that his business manager has absconded with his investments and that collection agents are now after him. Jack still manages to pursue a woman who is a member of a very proper English family, and this affair in turn fuels a potentially lethal breach between him and his closest friend, Dr. Maturin, who is involved in high-level espionage. To avoid debtor's prison, Jack eventually goes to France, only to be trapped there when Napoleon resumes hostilities. This rich blend of adventure, romance, and intrigue will satisfy listeners of many different tastes. John Lee's strong narration is flawed only by his tendency to pronounce "forecastle" so it sounds like "foxhole." Recommended for most collections.-Kent Rasmussen, Thousand Oaks, CA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.[8]

Publication history[edit]

Sources, references, external links, quotations[edit]

  • Richard O'Neill (2003). Patrick O'Brian's Navy: The Illustrated Companion to Jack Aubrey's World. Running Press. ISBN 0-7624-1540-1. 
  • Dean King (2001). A Sea of Words: Lexicon and Companion for Patrick O'Brian's Seafaring Tales. Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-6615-2. 
  • Dean King (2001). Harbors and High Seas: Map Book and Geographical Guide to the Aubrey/Maturin Novels of Patrick O'Brian. Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-6614-4. 
  • Brian Lavery (2003). Jack Aubrey Commands: An Historical Companion to the Naval World of Patrick O'Brian. Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-946-8. 
  • Anne Chotzinoff Grossman, Lisa Grossman Thomas (2000). Lobscouse and Spotted Dog: Which Is a Gastronomic Companion to the Aubrey/Maturin Novels. W W Norton & Co Ltd. ISBN 0-393-32094-4. 
  • David Miller (2003). The World of Jack Aubrey: Twelve-Pounders, Frigates, Cutlasses, and Insignia of His Majesty's Royal Navy. Running Press Book Publishers. ISBN 0-7624-1652-1. 
  • A.E. Cunningham (Editor) (1994). Patrick O'Brian: A Bibliography and Critical Appreciation. British Library Publishing Division. ISBN 0-7123-1071-1. 
  • Walton, Jo (October 11, 2010). "Out of his element: Patrick O’Brian’s Post Captain". Tor.com. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Pagination of Various Aubrey-Maturin Novel Editions
  2. ^ Post Captain 234 (Norton ed.)
  3. ^ George Clement Boase. "Graham Eden Hamond". Dictionary of National Biography 1885-1900 24. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Post Captain 268 (Norton ed.)
  5. ^ Taranaki, R. W. "Post Captain reviews". W W Norton Patrick O'Brian. Retrieved 2007-02-15. 
  6. ^ Renault, Mary. "Post Captain reviews". W W Norton Patrick O'Brian. Retrieved 2007-02-15. 
  7. ^ Patrick O'Brian; John Lee (January 1, 2004). Post Captain. Books on Tape, Inc. ISBN 1-4159-0245-3. 
  8. ^ "Post Captain". Reviews. Villanova University Library.