Later Trần dynasty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Posterior Trần Dynasty)
Jump to: navigation, search
History of Vietnam Map of Vietnam
2879–0258 Hồng Bàng dynasty
2879–1913 Early Hồng Bàng
1912–1055 Mid-Hồng Bàng
1054–258 Late Hồng Bàng
257–207 Thục dynasty
207–111 Triệu dynasty
11140 1st Chinese domination
40–43 Trưng Sisters
43–544 2nd Chinese domination
544–602 Early Lý dynasty
602–938 3rd Chinese domination
939–967 Ngô dynasty
968–980 Đinh dynasty
980–1009 Early Lê dynasty
1009–1225 Later Lý dynasty
1225–1400 Trần dynasty
1400–1407 Hồ dynasty
1407–1427 4th Chinese domination
1428–1788 Later Lê dynasty
1527–1592 Mạc dynasty
1545–1787 Trịnh lords
1558–1777 Nguyễn lords
1778–1802 Tây Sơn dynasty
1802–1945 Nguyễn dynasty
1858–1945 French imperialism
from 1945 Republic
Further subjects
Champa dynasties 192–1832
Historical capitals
Prehistoric and ancient cultures
List of monarchs
Country's names
Economic history
Military history

The Later Trần dynasty (Vietnamese: Nhà Hậu Trần) period of 1407 to 1413 in the history of Vietnam is characterized by two revolts, centered around Trần Ngỗi (陳頠) (Giản Định Đế (簡定帝)) and Trần Quý Khoáng (陳季擴) (Trùng Quang Đế (重光帝)).

Giản Định Đế (1407–1409)[edit]

A younger son of the late emperor Tran Nghe Ton, Trần Ngỗi rises his banner in 1406, proclaimed himself Gian Dinh emperor and started a revolt. His base first centered in Ninh Bình Province and was supported by Tran Trieu Co, a mandarin under the late Trần dynasty.

Lacking the materials and poorly managed, he was defeated, abandoned Ninh Bình and fled further south into the province of Thanh Hóa. Here he met Dang Tat who at that same time was waging a revolt also against the administration of the Ming. Dang Tat was a high-ranking official under the Trần dynasty. The ranking and followers of Gian Dinh together with Dang Tat kept swelling and gained more and more support from the Viet people since 1408.

Gathering momentum and popularity, Gian Dinh moved further north with a small army, defeated the Ming in a battle at Bo Co in which Lu Nghi, a Ming general, was fatally wounded.

Gian Dinh, victorious, would like to wage wars further north, right into Thăng Long, the capital. But Dang Tat, his lieutenant, stopped him and advised him not to, judging that his army is still small, ill-organized and does not have enough weaponry, or supply for a long war. Another advocate with him, Nguyễn Cảnh Chân, a former minor general under the Tran, also pleaded not to wage a bigger war with the Ming who at that time still control most of the territories. However, Gian Dinh, not taking any advice, is riding on his pride. He soon has his 2 best lieutenants both Nguyễn Cảnh Chân and Dang Tat arrested and killed, causing a dissension in his army and revolt.

Gian Dinh moved along with his plan, revolt and continued waging wars with the Ming until he was captured by the Ming and slain around 1410.

Trần Quý Khoáng (1409–1413)[edit]

Meanwhile the other side who supported Dang Tat and Nguyễn Cảnh Chân, now has 2 new figures: Dang Dung and Nguyen Canh Di, both are sons of Dang Tat and Nguyen Chan respectively. These 2 men search for a new master. They found Trần Quý Khoáng, a nephew of the late emperor Trần Nghệ Tông.

Even within the ranks of the rebellions, there were rifts and disagreements instead of unity. Trần Quý Khoáng on his side waged war against the Ming invaders. On the other side, Gian Dinh De has his.

Knowing the rift and weakness of the revolt, the Ming took the initiative to attack Thanh Hóa and Nghệ An in 1413. That proved disastrous for Trần Quý Khoáng. Both Gian Dinh and Trần Quý Khoáng retreated to the mountains and forests. Their situation is going bleak, not enough supplies. The flame of their resistance faded, and faded. Trần Quý Khoáng was captured together with his whole clan in 1413. He committed suicide.

Along a few years later, a new resistance movement was born under Lê Lợi's banner.

Analysis of the Later Trần failures[edit]

As we can see the resistance of the Late Tran against the Chinese Ming failed because of disunity and of the selfishness of the individual. But to organize a real, total uprising one has to have not only wealth and popularity but also management and organization skills as well as military skills. Another important talent is how to recognize, and use, utilize people's skills. For all these factors to happen, one has to wait until Lê Lợi's on scene arrival.

References[edit]

  1. Viet Nam Su Luoc by Trần Trọng Kim
  2. Viet Su Toan Thu by Pham Van Son


Preceded by
Hồ dynasty
Dynasty of Vietnam
1407–1413
Succeeded by
Fourth Chinese domination