Praise to the Man

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William W. Phelps, author of "Praise to the Man".

"Praise to the Man" (originally titled "Joseph Smith") is a poem written as a tribute to Joseph Smith, Jr. by Latter Day Saint leader and hymn writer William W. Phelps. The poem was composed soon after Smith's death, and was later set to music and adopted as a hymn of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). It was first published anonymously in the church newspaper Times and Seasons in August 1844, approximately one month after Smith was killed.[1] The hymn is still used within the LDS Church and is hymn #27 in the current LDS Church hymnal.

Origin[edit]

William Wines Phelps, the hymn's author, became involved in the Church of the Latter Day Saints (as the LDS church was known at this time) during its time in Kirtland, Ohio, and subsequently served as a leader in Missouri before leaving the church due to unresolved financial issues and personal dissatisfaction. Declaring himself an enemy to the Mormon prophet, Phelps offered to testify against Smith in an intended Missouri trial for treason in which Smith would be the main defendant. However, the proceeding never took place, and Smith and his associates were allowed to escape to the newly established Mormon haven of Nauvoo, Illinois in 1839.[2]

Two years later Phelps experienced a change of heart toward Smith, and wrote him a repentant letter asking for forgiveness and a chance to rejoin the Latter Day Saints in Illinois. Smith's reply offered Phelps his full forgiveness, and a return to the Latter Day Saints with no further consequences. Phelps was deeply touched by this development, and upon his return he became an enthusiastic and devoted disciple of Joseph Smith's. He was invited to speak at the funeral following Smith's murder in June 1844. His poem, "Joseph Smith", followed in August of that same year,[2] and has since become a popular Mormon hymn.

Changes[edit]

Part of the original text of the second verse read: "Long shall his blood, which was shed by assassins, / Stain Illinois, while the earth lauds his fame."[1][3] In 1927, in accordance with its "good neighbor" policy, the LDS Church officially changed the words "Stain Illinois" to "Plead unto heav'n".[4]

Tune[edit]

Phelps originally suggested "Star in the East" as the hymn tune,[1] which is probably the same melody as "Star in the East" from Southern Harmony.[citation needed]

"Star in the east" done with four-syllable solfege syllables.

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The LDS hymnal now uses a melody based on "Scotland the Brave" in honor of Phelps's Scottish heritage. The tune is modified to match the syllable count of the text.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Anonymous [W. W. Phelps], "Joseph Smith", Times and Seasons, 5 (1 August 1844), p. 607.
  2. ^ a b Roderick J. Linton, "The Forgiving Heart", Ensign, April 1993, p. 15.
  3. ^ Smith was killed by a mob while imprisoned at Carthage, Illinois.
  4. ^ George D. Pyper, Stories of the Latter-day Saint Hymns, their Authors, and Composers (1939) p. 100.

External links[edit]