Prime Healthcare Services
|Headquarters||Ontario , California|
|Area served||Northern & Southern California, Kansas, Nevada, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Texas|
|Key people||Prem Reddy, MD, FACC, FCCP
Founder & Chairman
Prime Healthcare Services was established in 2001 by Chairman of the Board Prem Reddy, MD., F.A.C.C., F.C.C.P. It operates 27 acute care hospitals serving communities in San Bernardino, San Diego, Los Angeles, Orange County and Shasta County in California, Pennsylvania, Nevada, Kansas, Rhode Island, and Texas. The hospital network has over 30,000+ employees and 4,657 patient beds. It is a source of frequent controversy, having been charged with medicare fraud and substandard care.
Prime Healthcare Services was established in 2001 by Chairman of the Board Prem Reddy, MD., F.A.C.C., F.C.C.P. It operates 27 acute care hospitals serving communities in San Bernardino, San Diego, Los Angeles, Orange County and Shasta County in California, Pennsylvania, Nevada, Kansas, Rhode Island, and Texas. The hospital network has over 30,000+ employees and 4,657 patient beds. In 2014, Garden City Hospital was sold to Prime Healthcare Services in a deal valued at $76 million. As of that point Prime Healthcare operated 27 hospitals.
- All companies
Alvarado Hospital Medical Center
Centinela Hospital Medical Center
Chino Valley Medical Center
Dallas Medical Center
Desert Valley Hospital
Encino Hospital Medical Center
Garden City Hospital
Garden Grove Hospital and Medical Center
Harlingen Medical Center
Huntington Beach Hospital
Knapp Medical Center
Landmark Medical Center
La Palma Intercommunity Hospital
Montclair Hospital Medical Center
Pampa Regional Medical Center
Paradise Valley Hospital
Providence Medical Center
Rehabilitation Hospital of Rhode Island
Roxborough Memorial Hospital
Saint John Hospital (Kansas)
Saint Mary's Regional Medical Center (Nevada)
San Dimas Community Hospital
Shasta Regional Medical Center
Sherman Oaks Hospital
West Anaheim Medical Center
- Hospitals only
Awards and Recognition
In 2013 Prime Healthcare Services was named as one of the "Top 15 Health Systems" in the country by Truven Health Analytics, formerly Thomson Reuters. Prime Healthcare Services also named top 15 in 2012. In total, the system has been named as a top system three times in five years. PHS was also recognized as a Top 10 Health System in 2009 by Thomson Reuters in its first-ever landmark study of health systems, the only West Coast health system to receive this recognition.
A number of its hospitals have been consistently named in Thomson Reuters’ Top 100 Hospital rankings as well as U.S. News & World Report’s Best Regional Hospitals in Los Angeles. Its hospitals were also recognized in the top 18% as Top Performers in the Nation on Key Quality Measures by the Joint Commission.
More recently, Eight of Prime Healthcare Services' hospitals were named among the "100 Top Hospitals" in the nation by Thomson Reuters. Five of the nine California community hospitals that earned this distinction were Prime Healthcare hospitals.
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (April 2011)|
Profits and cost-cutting
In 2007, the Los Angeles Times ran a news story that alleged that the policies of Prime HealthCare Services, Inc. resulted in higher than average profits at the possible cost of patient care. According to the Times story, "When Reddy's company, Prime Healthcare Services Inc., takes over a hospital, it typically cancels insurance contracts, allowing the hospital to collect steeply higher reimbursements. It has suspended services — such as chemotherapy treatments, mental health care and birthing centers — that patients need but aren't lucrative.... On four occasions since 2002, inspectors have found that Prime Healthcare facilities failed to meet minimum federal safety standards, placing their Medicare funding at risk.”
Septicemia and malnutrition
Prime Healthcare is under investigation by the United States Department of Health and Human Services and the California Department of Justice about concerns over a reported spike in septicemia. The investigation centers around whether the spike in septicemia represents a large public health issue or multimillion-dollar Medicare fraud. Six Prime hospitals ranked in the 99th percentile of U.S. hospitals for septicemia and five were in the 95th percentile.
There are also claims that Prime Healthcare Service engages in upcoding elderly patients to malnutrition. In Mount Shasta, Victorville and the Mojave Desert, Prime has had high rates of kwashiorkor among its elderly patients. At Shasta Regional Medical Center, Prime reported 16.1% of their Medicare patients suffered from kwashiorkor, while California’s average for Medicare patients is 0.2%.
Prime also has come under scrutiny by investigators over expenses on luxury items disallowed by Medicare. Authorities have flagged $491,000 in operating costs in relation to a Eurocopter for the Chief Executive Officer, Lex Reddy, brother-in-law of Prem Reddy. The Department of Health Care Services also identified and disallowed $820,000 for the lease and taxes on a home in Beverly Hills and $303,000 in depreciation on the helicopter and a Bentley. The funds flagged by auditors do not represent tax dollars that have been sent to Prime. Rather, they signify sums that the state will not recognize when compensating the chain for its corporate office expenses.
In a similar manner, Prime Healthcare has been accused of transferring high numbers of patients from its emergency room to its hospital beds, specifically with patients on Medicare. Some families describe being trapped by doctors at Prime facilities and were unable to see their own doctor at another facility. Former Prime employees have described an orchestrated campaign of admitting Medicare and Kaiser patients – moving them from the emergency room to a hospital bed – in the interest of changing the fortune of a money-losing hospital.
In 2012, two executives at Prime Healthcare Services disclosed a patient's chart to multiple media outlets without the patient's express written consent. The release was in response to a California Watch article on Prime Healthcare Services billing practices at Shasta Regional Medical Center, which included claims by a Darlene Courtois about her treatment by Shasta. In this incident, Randall Hempling, the hospital CEO, and Dr. Marcia McCampbell, its chief medical officer, showed up at the offices of the Redding Record Searchlight and successfully convinced the paper's editor not to publish an article echoing the California Watch claims by reference to Courtois' actual medical records.
Response by company
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
Prime maintains that their billing practices are legal and proper and claim that the high rate of kwashiorkor is a result of proper diagnosis of malnutrition. They also claim that they are the victim of a campaign by Service Employees International Union (SEIU), but the California Medi-Cal fraud director claims that his bureau had initiated an investigation before SEIU released their findings.
Prime Healthcare hospitals assert that they do not use a diagnosis of malnutrition to increase reimbursement. Indeed, the relevant (i.e., where the diagnosis affected reimbursement) malnutrition rate at all Prime Healthcare hospitals was 3.6%, which is much less than the rates referenced in the article. For example, the relevant malnutrition rate at Huntington Beach Hospital was 5.3% rather than the 39% reported by California Watch.
In addition, the higher than average malnutrition rates at Prime Healthcare hospitals are the result of Prime Healthcare's commitment to providing high quality healthcare for all of its patients for which Prime Healthcare insists they should be applauded rather than criticized.[neutrality is disputed] Published studies estimate that up to 15% of ambulatory elderly patients, up to 44% of homebound elderly patients, up to 65% of hospitalized elderly patients, and up to 85% of nursing home patients are malnourished. Given these statistics and the morbidity and mortality rates associated with undetected and untreated malnutrition, Prime Healthcare hospitals have implemented a nutritional screening program in order to improve patient care outcomes and decrease mortality and morbidity. This program includes policies and procedures designed to ensure that each elderly patient admitted to the hospital receives a nutritional screening.
Physicians also routinely order serum albumin tests and promptly assess patients based on the serum albumin levels and other malnutrition indicators. While this initiative has undoubtedly improved patient care outcomes and decreased mortality and morbidity, it has also resulted in more Medicare patients being properly diagnosed with malnutrition and the average malnutrition rates being higher at Prime Healthcare hospitals than other hospitals. However, the increase in malnutrition diagnoses has not lead to a similar increase in reimbursement as a substantial majority of the malnutrition diagnoses did not lead to enhanced reimbursement. Rather, these quality measures and Prime Healthcare's commitment to providing the highest quality of patient care lead to Prime Healthcare being ranked as one of the Top 10 Health Systems in the Nation by Thomson Reuters, the only for profit hospital system to be so recognized.[neutrality is disputed]
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- "Garden City Hospital sells to California-based Prime Healthcare Services | Crain's Detroit Business". crainsdetroit.com. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Press Releases | News and Events | Truven Health Analytics". thomsonreuters.com. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
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- Daniel Costello, Hospital group rejects system and cashes in, July 8, 2007
- William, Lance; Christina Jewett (October 11, 2010). "Hospital chain’s high infection rate leads to fraudulent billing concerns". California Watch.
- Williams, Lance; Christina Jewett; Stephen K. Doig (February 19, 2011). "Hospital chain, already under scrutiny, reports high malnutrition rates". California Watch.
- "Kaiser Cross". documentcloud.org. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Chain profits by admitting ER patients | California Watch". californiawatch.org. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Attorney general denies sale to controversial hospital chain | California Watch". californiawatch.org. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "Her case shows why healthcare privacy laws exist - Los Angeles Times". articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- Hajjar, R.R., Kamel, H.K., Denson, K., Malnutrition In Aging, The Internet Journal of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Volume 1, Number 1 (2004)
- Chen, C.C-H, Schilling, L.S., Lyder, C.H., A Concept Analysis of Malnutrition In The Elderly, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Volume 36(1) (2001)