Minister President of Prussia

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Minister President of Prussia
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Mittleres).jpg
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R68588, Otto von Bismarck.jpg
Otto von Bismarck, the most famous and longest serving officeholder
Appointer King of Prussia:
(1702–1918)
Landtag of Prussia:
(1918–1933)
Formation 1702
First holder Johann Kasimir Kolbe von Wartenberg (as Chief Minister)
Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg (as Minister President)
Final holder Hermann Göring
Abolished 1945
Succession No immediate successor

The office of Minister President (German: Ministerpräsident), or Prime Minister, of Prussia existed in one form or another from 1702 until the abolition of Prussia in 1947.

When Prussia was an independent kingdom (since 1701), the Minister President functioned as the King's chief minister and presided over the Landtag (the Prussian legislature established in 1848). After the unification of Germany in 1871 and until the collapse in 1918, the office of the Prussian Minister President was usually held jointly by the Imperial Chancellor, beginning with the tenure of Otto von Bismarck.

Under the Weimar Republic the Minister President was the head of the state government in a more traditional parliamentary role. The office ceased to have any real meaning except as a kind of political patronage title after the Nazi dismantlement of Prussia as a state in 1935 (Reichsstatthaltergesetz), and disappeared along with Prussia itself after World War II.

Chief Ministers of the Kingdom of Prussia (1702–1848)[edit]

Preußischer Adler (1871-1914).svg
This article is part of the series
Politics of Prussia
Minister President of Prussia
German General Staff
Prussian Ministry of War
Foreign Minister of Prussia
Interior Minister of Prussia

Minister-Presidents of the Kingdom of Prussia (1848–1918)[edit]

Political Party:       Zentrum       None

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
AHArnimB.jpg Count Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg
(1803–1868)
19 March 1848 29 March 1848 10 Non-partisan
Camphausen.jpeg Gottfried Ludolf Camphausen
(1803–1890)
29 March 1848 20 June 1848 83 Non-partisan
Rudolf von Auerswald Haase BNF Gallica.jpg Rudolf von Auerswald
(1795–1866)
25 June 1848 8 September 1848 75 Non-partisan
Pfuel.jpg Ernst von Pfuel
(1779–1866)
21 September 1848 1 November 1848 41 Non-partisan
FWvBrandenburg.jpg Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg
(1792–1850)
2 November 1848 6 November 1850 734 Non-partisan
Manteuffel, Otto Theodor von (1805-1882).jpg Baron Otto Theodor von Manteuffel
(1805–1882)
9 December 1850 6 November 1858 2889 Non-partisan
Karl Anton von Hohenzollern.jpg Prince Karl Anton von Hohenzollern
(1811–1885)
6 November 1858 12 March 1862 1222 Non-partisan
No image.svg Prince Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
(1797–1873)
17 March 1862 23 September 1862 190 Non-partisan
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R68588, Otto von Bismarck.jpg Prince Otto von Bismarck
(1st term)
(1815–1898)
23 September 1862 1 January 1873 3753 Non-partisan
Albrecht Graf von Roon by Gustav Gräf.jpg Count Albrecht von Roon
(1803–1879)
1 January 1873 9 November 1873 312 Non-partisan
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R68588, Otto von Bismarck.jpg Prince Otto von Bismarck
(2nd term)
(1815–1898)
9 November 1873 20 March 1890 5975 Non-partisan
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R09316, Leo Graf von Caprivi.jpg Count Leo von Caprivi
(1831–1899)
20 March 1890 22 March 1892 733 Non-partisan
Botho Wendt zu Eulenburg.jpg Count Botho zu Eulenburg
(1831–1912)
22 March 1892 26 October 1894 948 Non-partisan
Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst.png Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
(1819–1901)
29 October 1894 17 October 1900 2179 Non-partisan
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2004-0098, Bernhard Fürst von Bülow.jpg Prince Bernhard von Bülow
(1849–1929)
17 October 1900 14 July 1909 3192 Non-partisan
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg.jpg Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg
(1856–1921)
14 July 1909 13 July 1917 2921 Non-partisan
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2004-0720-500, Georg Michaelis.jpg Georg Michaelis
(1857–1936)
14 July 1917 1 November 1917 110 Non-partisan
Georg von Hertling.jpg Count Georg von Hertling
(1843–1919)
1 November 1917 30 September 1918 333 Centre
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R04103, Prinz Max von Baden.jpg Prince Maximilian of Baden
(1867–1929)
3 October 1918 9 November 1918 37 Non-partisan

Minister-Presidents of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1947)[edit]

Political Party:       SPD       Zentrum       NSDAP       None

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Days
Minister-Presidents of the Free State of Prussia in the Weimar Republic
Friedrich Ebert.jpg Friedrich Ebert
(1871–1925)
9 November 1918 11 November 1918 2 Social Democrats
No image.svg Paul Hirsch
(1868–1940)
11 November 1918 27 March 1920 502 Social Democrats
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10131, Otto Braun.jpg Otto Braun
(1st term)
(1872–1955)
27 March 1920 21 April 1921 390 Social Democrats
Adam Stegerwald JS2.jpg Adam Stegerwald
(1874–1945)
21 April 1921 5 November 1921 198 Centre Party
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10131, Otto Braun.jpg Otto Braun
(2nd term)
(1872–1955)
5 November 1921 18 February 1925 1201 Social Democrats
Reichskanzler Wilhelm Marx.jpg Wilhelm Marx
(1863–1946)
18 February 1925 6 April 1925 47 Centre Party
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10131, Otto Braun.jpg Otto Braun
(3rd term)
(1872–1955)
6 April 1925 20 July 1932 2662 Social Democrats
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S00017, Franz von Papen crop.jpg Franz von Papen
(1879–1969)
Reichskommisar 136 Non-partisan
20 July 1932 3 December 1932
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0527-0001-020, Kurt von Schleicher.jpg Kurt von Schleicher
(1882–1934)
Reichskommisar 56 Non-partisan
3 December 1932 28 January 1933
Minister-Presidents of the Free State of Prussia in the Third Reich
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S00017, Franz von Papen crop.jpg Franz von Papen
(1879–1969)
30 January 1933 10 April 1933 70 Non-partisan
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-13805, Hermann Göring.jpg Hermann Göring
(1893–1946)
Ministerpräsident 4397 National Socialist German Workers' Party
10 April 1933 24 April 1945
Reichsstatthalter 3737
30 January 1935 24 April 1945
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S33882, Adolf Hitler retouched.jpg Adolf Hitler
(1889–1945)
Reichsstatthalter 730 National Socialist German Workers' Party
30 January 1933 30 January 1935

See also[edit]