Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital
|Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital|
|Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust|
|Location||Hammersmith, London, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Affiliated university||Imperial College London|
|Emergency department||No Accident & Emergency|
|Speciality||Maternity, women's and children's services|
|Website||http://www.imperial.nhs.uk/qcch/index.htm Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Queen Charlotte's|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
History Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital is one of the oldest maternity hospitals in Europe, and until around 1999 occupied a site at 339-351 Goldhawk Road, Hammersmith, London W6 0XG. It is suggested that the maternity hospital originated in 1739 when Sir Richard Manningham founded a hospital in a 17 room house in Jermyn Street. This was called the General Lying in Hospital. In 1810 Queen Charlotte became its patron. A Royal Charter was incorporated in 1885 and when this was amended in 1924 the present name came into use. The hospital subsequently merged with the Chelsea Hospital for Women and is now based at the Hammersmith Hospital site in West London to which it was relocated in 1998 . The hospital was originally a voluntary hospital. As noted above, its name came from its patron Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of George III. At different times over the years the hospital has been located in Bayswater, on Marylebone Road and at Ravenscourt Park. The Chelsea Hospital also moved site and used to be based in Chelsea, in the building now occupied by the Chelsea Wing at the Brompton Hospital.
A short history of Queen Charlotte’s Hospital
1739 Charitable infirmary founded in Jermyn Street for women in dire need. 1753 Now called the General Lying-in Hospital, services move four times, ending up in a privately owned house in Bayswater Early 1800s Saved from extinction by the sixth son of King George III, Duke of Sussex, who persuades his mother Queen Charlotte to become patron. 1809 Its name changes to the Queen’s Lying-in Hospital, then later to Queen Charlotte’s Lying-in Hospital followed by Queen Charlotte’s Maternity Hospital. 1856 The hospital moves twice more and is now at Marylebone Road. 1936 The Chiswick isolation block in Goldhawk Road is opened to help save lives of mothers dying from infection after birth, then known as ‘childbed fever’. 1940 The hospital moves to Chiswick Road due to high risk of bombing during the Blitz. 1948 The creation of the NHS sees Queen Charlotte’s link up with Chelsea Hospital for Women to form a combined teaching school. 1988 Chelsea Hospital for Women moves from Fulham Road to share the Chiswick Road site under the new title Queen Charlotte’s & Chelsea Hospital 2000 The ninth move is made to the purpose built, current site in Du Cane Road. 2001 Official opening in May by HRH The Princess Royal.
Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital today
The hospital is part of Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust. It has a particular reputation for its fœtal medicine services, based at the Centre for Fœtal Care which is now led by Mr Christoph Lees, who moved from Cambridge in 2013. The CFC has expertise in the management of complicated and monochorionic twin pregnancies. It also has a strong reputation for its reproductive medicines services and in particular the IVF unit which is one of the largest in the country. The early pregnancy and acute gynaecology service is led by Professor Tom Bourne and Ms Catriona Stalder and has a national and international reputation and has a large research output. The unit sees over 15,000 emergency gynaecology cases each year, leading to 1,500 patients being admitted to hospital.The hospital is the home of the West London gynaecological cancer centre and is a tertiary referral centre. The team was recently joined by Professor Christina Fotopulou from the Charite Hospital in Berlin who has a major interest in radical surgery for ovarian and other gynaecological cancers. The gynaecological cancer service at Queen Charlotte’s & Chelsea Hospital serves a population of two million people across north west London and beyond. The unit treats approaching 500 women with gynaecological cancers each year.
Actors Benedict Cumberbatch, Daniel Radcliffe, Mischa Barton, and Dame Helen Mirren (who in 1994 portrayed the hospital's namesake in The Madness of King George), musicians Zak Starkey and Sex Pistol Steve Jones, athlete and politician Sebastian Coe, Helen Boyle and writer Graeme K Talboys are among the many prominent people born at Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital. The hospital is the base for the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the former Royal Postgraduate Medical School, which became part of Imperial College London.
It is a postgraduate teaching hospital, as well as being a major provider of maternity services to the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, with around 5000 births/year. The hospital is immediately adjacent to the Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology (IRDB), which was established by Professor Lord Robert Winston in 2001. It is directed by Professor Phillip Bennett, and undertakes research in all aspects of reproductive biology.
The Institute is located within the purpose-built 'Wolfson and Weston Research Centre for Family Health' on the Hammersmith campus of Imperial College. Being adjacent to the new Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, and with links to clinical academic obstetrics and gynaecology St Mary”s Hospital, it is ideally placed to facilitate the translation of research into improvements in Women’s Health, fertility, reproduction, pregnancy and childbirth. Outstanding molecular and cell biology resources are available and supported by central core services and ‘state-of-the-art’ laboratories.
Bliss, the special care baby charity, are currently funding Dr Lydia Tyszczuk's simulation training project.
- Google Earth imagery shows the site being demolished in September 1999.