Rainbow jersey

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This article is about the jersey worn by the world champion in cycling. For the Astros uniform worn in the 1970s, see Houston Astros.
The 2012 world road race champion Philippe Gilbert wearing the rainbow jersey.
The 2013 world time trial champion Ellen van Dijk wearing the time trial rainbow jersey
Katrin Schultheis wearing the rainbow jersey for artistic cycling
Stefan Nimke, 2012 men's 1 km time trial world champion wearing the track rainbow jersey

The rainbow jersey is the distinctive jersey worn by the reigning world champion in a bicycle racing discipline. The jersey is predominantly white with five horizontal bands in the UCI colours around the chest. From the bottom up the colours are: green, yellow, black, red and blue; the same colours that appear in the rings on the Olympic flag. The tradition is applied to all disciplines, including road racing, track racing, cyclo-cross, BMX, Trials and the disciplines within mountain biking. The jersey is produced by Santini SMS since 1994.[1]

A world champion must wear the jersey when competing in the same discipline, category and speciality for which the title was won. For example, the world road race champion would wear the garment while competing in stage races (except for time trial stages) and one-day races, but would not be entitled to wear it during time trials. Similarly, on the track, the world individual pursuit champion would only wear the jersey when competing in other individual pursuit events.[2]

In team events, such as the team pursuit, each member of the team must wear the rainbow jersey, but – again – would not wear it while racing in, say, points races or other track disciplines.

The rainbow jersey helps make a world champion easier to spot for spectators, but it also has the effect of making the title-holder more visible to other competitors, particularly in road racing situations. This can be a disadvantage as it makes it more difficult for the world champion to launch an attack, while other riders will quickly seek to take advantage if they notice the rainbow jersey crashes or suffers a mechanical or other problem. There is also reduced space for sponsors' logos on the world champion's jerseys; however, the increased media coverage of a reigning world champion probably offsets the effects of the smaller logo space.

Failure to wear the rainbow jersey where required carries a penalty of 2500 to 5000 Swiss francs.[3]

After the end of a rider's championship year, they are eligible to wear piping in the same rainbow pattern on the collar and cuffs of their jersey. They retain this right for the remainder of their career.

If the holder of a rainbow jersey becomes leader of a multi-stage race (such as the Tour de France) then the leader's jersey (Yellow jersey) for that race takes precedence. Similarly, the leader's jerseys for UCI World Cup series also take precedence over the rainbow jersey, although, in 2006, Road Race World Champion Tom Boonen at one point was the leader of the Road Racing World Cup, and he, as well as his sponsor and the organizers of the race he was competing in at that time (Gent–Wevelgem) wanted him to continue wearing the rainbow jersey. A compromise was reached and Boonen wore a jersey which was a combination of the Rainbow jersey and the UCI World Cup jersey.[4]

Current world champions[edit]

The current world champions in each discipline, allowed to wear the rainbow jersey are (excluding youth and veteran championships):

Discipline Event World Champion Men World Champion Women Next Championships
Road Road Race  Rui Costa (POR)  Marianne Vos (NED) September 2014
Time Trial  Tony Martin (GER)  Ellen van Dijk (NED)
Team Time Trial  Omega Pharma-Quick Step (BEL)  Specialized–lululemon (USA)
Track Sprint  Stefan Bötticher (GER)  Becky James (GBR) February 2015
Team Sprint  Germany
René Enders
Stefan Bötticher
Maximilian Levy
 Germany
Kristina Vogel
Miriam Welte
Time Trial  François Pervis (FRA)  Lee Wai Sze (HKG)
Keirin  Jason Kenny (GBR)  Becky James (GBR)
Individual Pursuit  Michael Hepburn (AUS)  Joanna Rowsell (GBR)
Team Pursuit  Australia
Glenn O'Shea
Alex Edmondson
Michael Hepburn
Alexander Morgan
 Great Britain
Laura Trott
Dani King
Elinor Barker
Scratch Race  Martyn Irvine (IRL)  Katarzyna Pawłowska (POL)
Points Race  Simon Yates (GBR)  Jarmila Machačová (CZE)
Madison  France
Vivien Brisse
Morgan Kneisky
n/a
Omnium  Aaron Gate (NZL)  Sarah Hammer (USA)
Cyclo-cross  Zdenek Stybar (CZ)  Marianne Vos (NED) January/February 2015
Mountain Bike Marathon  Periklis Ilias (GRE)  Annika Langvad (DEN) June 2015
Cross-Country  Nino Schurter (SUI)  Julie Bresset (FRA) September 2014
Downhill  Greg Minnaar (RSA)  Rachel Atherton (GRB)
4-Cross  Joost Wichman (NED)  Caroline Buchanan (AUS)
Trials 20 inch wheel  Abel Mustieles (ESP)  Tatiana Janickova (SVK) September 2014
26 inch wheel  Vincent Hermance (FRA)
BMX Elite  Liam Phillips (GBR)  Caroline Buchanan (AUS) July/August 2015
Artistic Single  David Schnabel (GER)  Corinna Hein (GER) November 2014
4 n/a  Germany
Katharina Gülich
Sonja Mauermeier
Christine Posch
Ramona Strassner
Pairs n/a  Katrin Schultheis and Sandra Sprinkmeier (GER)
Open pairs  Luisa and Benedikt Bassmann (GER)
Cycle ball Cycle ball  Switzerland
Dominik Planzer
Roman Schneider
n/a November 2014

Curse of the rainbow jersey[edit]

Similar to the Sports Illustrated cover jinx, the curse of the rainbow jersey is a popular term to refer to the phenomenon where cyclists who have become World Champion often suffer from poor luck the next year – though, in some cases, the 'bad luck' was brought on by their own actions.

Tom Simpson of the United Kingdom won the world title in 1965. During the following winter (Jan/Feb 1966) he broke his leg skiing thus missing out on his most lucrative benefits from wearing the rainbow jersey.

Other notable 'victims' of the curse include the 1970 world champion Jean-Pierre Monseré who died wearing the rainbow jersey in March 1971.

The 1981 winner, Freddy Maertens of Belgium, also won the Green Jersey in the 1981 Tour De France, but in 1982 won no races, and only won a further two races in his professional cycling career.

The 1987 winner, Irishman Stephen Roche, who had won the Tour de France and Giro d'Italia in the same season, had a disastrous following year, missing nearly the entire season with a knee injury.

The 1990 winner, Rudy Dhaenens of Belgium, had no results in 1991, and was forced to retire shortly after with heart problems. He was killed in a car accident six years later at the age of 36.

The 1994 winner, Luc Leblanc of France had an injury plagued following season with very poor results, winning only one small race, before bouncing back in 1996.

The 1997 winner, Laurent Brochard, became entangled in the infamous Festina doping scandal a year later.

The 2003 winner, Spaniard Igor Astarloa, switched to the French team Cofidis for the 2004 season which almost immediately suspended itself from racing due to doping allegations against several members of the team. In response to this, Astarloa switched first to the Lampre team, and then the Barloworld team. He has had a very quiet career since his 2003 victory.

The 2004 World Road Champion Óscar Freire was in good form throughout the spring, but developed a saddle sore mid-season that ended his hopes for a second consecutive title on home turf in Spain.

In August 2004 British professional cyclist David Millar was suspended for two years by British Cycling, stripped of his 2003 World Time Trial Championship jersey, and given a fine, after confessing to the use of EPO in 2001 and 2003.

On 24 September 2006, Italian Paolo Bettini won the rainbow jersey in the World Road Race Championship in Salzburg, Austria.[5] Eight days later on 2 October his older brother Sauro died when his car struck an obstacle and overturned into a ditch.[6] He also had a few accidents in the beginning of 2007 season (Tirreno–Adriatico) and technical problems (in E3 Prijs Vlaanderen his chain snapped[7]). Bettini would manage to defend his world championship title in 2007, though.

On November 26, 2006, while wearing the rainbow jersey of World Madison Champion, Isaac Gálvez died during the Six Days of Ghent, following a horrific crash into the upper barrier surrounding the indoor track.[8]

The 2008 World Road Champion Alessandro Ballan was diagnosed with Cytomegalovirus near the beginning of the 2009 season, and as a consequence missed the spring's classics and the Giro d'Italia, his home tour. As a result he was in poor form for that year's Tour de France, and only made a proper appearance once, on stage 19 when he unsuccessfully broke away near the end of the stage.

2012 World Road Champion Philippe Gilbert had a poor season wearing the jersey. He won only one stage in the stripes.

2013 World Road Champion Rui Costa (cyclist) was diagnosed with Bronchitis during 2014 Tour de France and had to rest for most of the August.

There are of course exceptions to the curse. Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault and Greg LeMond each won the Tour de France wearing the rainbow jersey. 2011 world champion Mark Cavendish won 13 stages, the Kuurne–Brussels–Kuurne and the GC at the Ster ZLM Toer whilst in the jersey. Belgian Tom Boonen won the world road race in 2005 then rode the jersey to victory in 12 individual stages, the Tour of Flanders and the overall at the Tour of Qatar.

Other sports[edit]

Rainbow jersey colors have been used unofficially by triathlon, speed skating and Crashed Ice world champions.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]