Rajka

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Rajka
Rajka is located in Hungary
Rajka
Rajka
Location of Rajka
Coordinates: 47°59′49″N 17°11′54″E / 47.99689°N 17.19832°E / 47.99689; 17.19832Coordinates: 47°59′49″N 17°11′54″E / 47.99689°N 17.19832°E / 47.99689; 17.19832
Country  Hungary
County Győr-Moson-Sopron
Area
 • Total 52.63 km2 (20.32 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,758
 • Density 52.4/km2 (136/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9224
Area code(s) 96

Rajka (German: Ragendorf, Croatian: Rakindrof [1]) is a village in Győr-Moson-Sopron county, Hungary.

Geography[edit]

Rajka is located in the Little Hungarian Plain 17 km north-west from Mosonmagyaróvár, near the Hungary-Austria-Slovakia tripoint. M15 motorway (E65/E75), Highway 150 and Budapest-Hegyeshalom-Rajka railway line also cross the village.[2] Former Hungarian-Slovak border crossing is located between Rajka and Čunovo, it is no longer in operation since December 21, 2007, when Hungary and Slovakia joined the Schengen Area.[3]

History[edit]

Rajka was established before the 13th century.[3] According to the Hungarian Royal Treasury (Magyar Királyi Kincstár) it was an ethnic German settlement in Hungary, called Rackendorf in 1495.[4] In the 18th century it was a market town (mezőváros) in Moson County. The Jewish community was deported in 1944 and after the Soviet occupation of Hungary in 1946, 859 German civilians were expelled from Rajka. They replaced with ethnic Hungarians, expelled from Czechoslovakia.[3]

According to mayor Vince Kiss 1,000 Slovak citizens have been living in Rajka as of 2012, making up one-third of the total population. Most of them are ethnic Slovak, but a significant proportion of Slovak citizens in Rajka are ethnic Hungarian or speak Hungarian. Slovak citizens do not form a community, do not know each other, almost exclusively work or study in Bratislava and commute every day to the Slovak capital.[3]

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census the total population of Rajka was 2,758, of whom there were 1,938 (70.3%) Hungarians, 535 (19.4%) Slovaks and 284 (10.3%) Germans by ethnicity.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Folia onomastica croatica 14/2005." (pdf). Živko Mandić: Hrvatska imena naseljenih mjesta u Madžarskoj. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  2. ^ Magyarország autóatlasz, Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2004, ISBN 963-03-7576-1
  3. ^ a b c d Hídfőállás, Magyar Nemzet, 10-03-2012, Tóth Szabolcs Töhötöm, Budapest, pp. 21-26, ISSN 0133-185-X
  4. ^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
  5. ^ Hungarian census 2011, Győr-Moson-Sopron county (Hungarian)

External links[edit]