where p is the pressure, is the density of the fluid and v the velocity of the body. Alternatively the body can be stationary and v describe the velocity of the fluid, e.g. the solar wind.
For example, a meteor traveling through the Earth's atmosphere produces a shock wave generated by the extremely rapid compression of air in front of the meteoroid. It is primarily this ram pressure (rather than friction) which heats the air which in turn heats the meteoroid as it flows around it.
- Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology, A Fabian and Lasenby, University of Cambridge Lecture Notes, Michaelmas 2010.
- Plait, p.1
- Grebel, Gallagher, Harbeck, pp.1-15
- Grebel, Gallagher, Harbeck (2003) The Progenitors of Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies ArXiv.org. retrieved Nov. 2007
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