Rambam Health Care Campus

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Rambam Health Care Campus
The logo of rambam health care campus c.jpg
Geography
Location Haifa, Israel
Coordinates 32°50′00″N 34°59′09″E / 32.8333837°N 34.9858396°E / 32.8333837; 34.9858396Coordinates: 32°50′00″N 34°59′09″E / 32.8333837°N 34.9858396°E / 32.8333837; 34.9858396
Organisation
Funding Public, Government, and Non-Profit
Hospital type Tertiary Referral Center for Northern Israel
Affiliated university Technion
Services
Emergency department I
Helipad Yes
Beds 1,000
History
Founded 1938
Links
Website rambam.org.il
Plaque of Maimonides, Rambam Hospital
British Government Hospital of Haifa, 1938
Emergency room entrance

Rambam Health Care Campus (Hebrew: רמב"ם - הקריה הרפואית לבריאות האדם‎), or Rambam Hospital, is a hospital in the Bat Galim neighborhood of Haifa, Israel. The largest medical center in northern Israel and fifth largest in Israel,[1] it is named for the 12th century physician-philosopher Rabbi Moshe Ben-Maimon (Maimonides), known as the Rambam.[2]

It is the largest teaching hospital of the Rappaport Faculty of Medicine of the Technion, Israel's oldest university.

Facilities[edit]

Rambam Hospital serves as a referral medical center and Level I trauma center,[3][4] employing a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. Some 80,000 people are hospitalized there every year, and another 600,000 are treated in its outpatient clinics and medical institutes.[5] The Technion's medical school is located adjacent to the hospital. The medical center has 36 departments with 1000 beds, 45 medical units, 9 institutes, 6 laboratories and 30 administrative and maintenance departments. Comprehensive services for all of northern Israel include trauma treatment, oncology, and neurosurgery.

The Sammy Ofer Fortified Underground Emergency Hospital officially opened in its peacetime configuration in 2014, following a successful drill to test emergency preparedness.[6] Work on this fortified emergency underground hospital began in 2010; it was designed to withstand conventional, chemical, and biological attacks. Planning for this project began in 2007. The project includes a three-floor parking lot that can be transformed within 72 hours into a 2,000-bed hospital. Made possible through a donation by the late Sammy Ofer,[7] the hospital can generate its own power and store enough oxygen, drinking water and medical supplies for up to three days.[8]

The recently opened Ruth Rappaport Children's Hospital has the largest pediatric emergency department in the north of Israel.[9] This nine-story hospital, named for Ruth Rappaport—wife of banker and financier Bruce Rappaport—replaces the current Meyer Children's Hospital, providing additional pediatric facilities. In addition to new patient wards, there is a museum, classrooms and a movie theater.

As an academic hospital, Rambam engages in teaching and research collaboration with the Technion's Rappaport Faculty of Medicine.[10]

History[edit]

Rambam Hospital was established in 1938 during the British Mandate. It was inaugurated by the High Commissioner of Palestine Sir Harold MacMichael as a 225-bed facility. It was originally known as the British Government Hospital of Haifa.[11] The Bauhaus architect Erich Mendelsohn was commissioned to design the building on a half-moon shaped headland at the foot of Mount Carmel, northwest of Haifa Port. After the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, the hospital was renamed Rambam in 1952, the acronym for Rabbi Mosheh Ben Maimon (Maimonides).[12]

The new hospital had departments in internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics/gynecology, psychiatry, and clinics for venereal diseases and active tuberculosis. The December 23, 1938 edition of the Palestine Post wrote: "High Commissioner opens new government hospital in Haifa: Describes it as 'the finest medical institution in the Middle East.'" Its first director was Dr John MacQueen.

One of the first groups of graduates from the Nursing School. Dr MacQueen in center

In 1968, the Meyer Children's Hospital was established. It was the only children's hospital dedicated exclusively to pediatric medicine (children ages 0–16) in northern Israel, located on Rambam Health Care Campus.[13] To accommodate the increasing number of pediatric patients, as of June 2014, the pediatric departments are now transferring to the new Ruth Rappaport Children's Hospital.[9]

In 2012, the hospital banned the sale of tobacco products in shops, kiosks and vending machines on its campus.[14]

In honor of its 75th anniversary, the hospital received a $10 million donation gift from multi-billionaire Warren Buffett, the "Oracle of Omaha" and one of the world's long-time wealthiest individuals, on Wednesday, December 25, 2013 (Christmas Day; Buffett's approximate earnings in a 24-hour period in 2013 amounted to about $37 million for comparison). The gift was announced by Eitan Wertheimer, an Israeli whose family's Iscar Metalworking Company business had been partially (2006; 80%, for $4 billion), and then fully, acquired (May 2013; the remaining 20%, for $2.05 billion), by Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway.[15]

In 2013, Rambam physicians performed the first ablation of the brain in a patient with essential tremor (ET) employing MRI-guided ultrasound instead of surgery.[16]

Directors[edit]

Following is a list of the Directors for Rambam Health Care Campus:[12]

  • 1938-1948: John Herbert Thompson, MD (as the Government Hospital under the British Mandate)
  • 1948-1963: Rafael Gjebin, MD
  • 1963-1975: Moshe Lazar, MD
  • 1975-1979: Reuben Eldar, MD
  • 1979-1981: Leon Epsteing, MD (Acting Director)
  • 1981-1986: Joseph Brandes, MD
  • 1987-2005: Moshe Revach, MD
  • 2006-Present: Rafael Beyar, MD, DSc

Services[edit]

Leading Departments at Rambam Health Care Campus include oncology and hemato-oncology, cardiac surgery, orthopedics, and Neurosurgery. Rambam is the only provider of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and brachiotherapy in Northern Israel. Other services unique to hospitals in Northern Israel include robotic surgery.[17]

Rambam's Department of International Medicine was established in 1995. The large number of patients received from the former Soviet Union has led to the hospital providing a separate Russian-language website for this department. Rambam's medical tourism center is one of the largest in Israel.[18]

Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal is an international quarterly publication coordinated by Rambam Health Care Campus.

Ongoing Development[edit]

Since 2007 Rambam Health Care Campus has been undergoing a major development effort in order to better meet the needs of the population it serves. This includes upgrading patient services, creation of new facilities, and construction of a fortified hospital for the safety of patients during times of extreme emergency. As of 2014, this project is still under way. Two buildings have been completed, with three remaining.

The Sammy Ofer Fortified Underground Emergency Hospital
Named for and primarily funded by the late Sammy Ofer, this 2,000-bed facility is the largest of its kind in the world. During peacetime it serves as a 1,500-vehicle underground parking lot.[19] Within 72 hours it converts into a fully functioning hospital with fortification against conventional and non-conventional warfare. Following a logistics drill in March of 2014 this facility opened in its peacetime configuration.[20][21]
The Ruth Rappaport Children's Hospital
Named for and partially funded by Ruth Rappaport (wife of Bruce Rappaport), the new children's hospital officially opened in June of 2014. The new Pediatric Emergency Department is the largest and most advanced in Israel.[22]
Joseph Fishman Oncology Center
Named for and partially funded by the late Joseph Fishman, this facility will upgrade services for cancer patients, including expanded alternative and complementary medicine for treating cancer and its side-effects.
Cardiovascular Hospital
This facility will offer an integrated model for cardiovascular care. It will also house research laboratories and offer cardiovascular risk-reduction programs.
Biomedical Discovery Tower
The goal of this building is to provide a venue for clinical and basic research essential for progress in medicine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayala Hurwicz (2007-05-07). "Sheba - Largest Hospital in Israel" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2007-09-14. 
  2. ^ "Creating the Future of Medicine" (eMagazine). Rambam HCC. 2011. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Department of Emergency Medicine". Rambam Health Care Campus. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Evacuation service". Lahak Aviation. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Discover Rambam". Rambam Health Care Campus. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  6. ^ Shamah, David (March 28, 2014). "Haifa’s new subterranean hospital runs major drill". Times of Israel. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  7. ^ Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (June 3, 2012). "Rambam parking lot will serve as hospital". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  8. ^ Golab, Mario (October 26, 2010). "Rambam Hospital in Haifa begins construction of World’s Largest Underground Hospital Facility". Today Newsline. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (June 19, 2014). "‘Most advanced’ children’s hospital opens at Rambam". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "History". The Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine. Technion-IIT. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Past, Present, Future". American Friends of Rambam. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Ran, Daniella; Ben-Ishai, Zvi; Bet ha-ḥolim ha-memshalti Rambam (Haifa) (2008). Rambam Health Care Campus 70th Anniversary. Israel: Rambam Health Care Campus. pp. 65,235. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Israel". Lancaster University. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  14. ^ Siegel, Judy (January 31, 2012). "Rambam bans cigarette sales at hospital. Rami Levy promises to clear stores of tobacco in another 2 years". High Beam Research. Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  15. ^ Kennedy, Bruce (December 26, 2013). "Buffett's Christmas gift: $10 million to a hospital". Benzinga. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  16. ^ Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (November 25, 2013). "Rambam Medical Center claims Israeli breakthrough in treating essential tremor". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  17. ^ Ronen, Gil (December 23, 2010). "'Dr. Robot' Operates in Rambam Hospital". Arutz Sheva. IsraelNationalNews.com. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  18. ^ Linder-Ganz, Ronny (June 22, 2010). "Will Israel become a major center for medical tourism?". Haaretz. Haaretz. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  19. ^ Carmel, Patricia (July 8, 2014). "From parking lot to emergency hospital". Metro Insert (Jerusalem Post). pp. 18–20. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  20. ^ Schick, Camilla (2014-03-26). "Haifa medical teams practice moving wartime hospital underground". Jerusalem Post. 
  21. ^ Aryeh, Savir. "Rambam Hospital seen on video conducting emergency drill in new underground medical center". Your Jewish News. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  22. ^ Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (2014-06-19). "‘Most advanced’ children’s hospital opens at Rambam". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 

External links[edit]