Red Hat cluster suite
The Red Hat cluster suite includes software to create a high availability and load balancing cluster. The cluster suite itself contains two products. Both can be used on the same system although this use case is unlikely. Both products have been initiated in the community and repackaged by Red Hat. Computational clustering is not part of cluster suite, but instead provided by Red Hat MRG.
A 'Red Hat cluster suite, when configured for high availability, attempts to ensure service availability by monitoring other nodes of the cluster. All nodes of the cluster must agree on their configuration and shared services state before the cluster is considered to have a quorum and services are able to be started.
The primary form of communicating node status is via a network device (commonly Ethernet), although in the case of possible network failure, quorum can be decided through secondary methods such as shared storage or multicast. Software services, filesystems and network status can be monitored and controlled by the cluster suite, services and resources can be failed over to other network nodes in case of failure.
The cluster suite forcibly terminates a cluster node's access to services or resources to ensure the node and data is in a known state. The node is terminated by removing power (known as STONITH) or access to the shared storage. Service locking and control is guaranteed through fencing and STONITH; more recent versions of Red Hat use a distributed lock manager, to allow fine grained locking and no single point of failure. Earlier versions of the cluster suite relied on a "grand unified lock manager" (GULM) which could be clustered, but still presented a point of failure if the nodes acting as GULM servers were to fail. GULM was last available in Red Hat Cluster Suite 4.
- Support for up to 128 nodes (16 nodes on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3, 4 and 5)
- NFS (Unix) /CIFS /GFS (Multiple Operating systems) File system failover support
- Service failover support
- Fully shared storage subsystem
- Comprehensive data integrity
- SCSI and fibre channel support
Load balancing cluster
Red Hat adapted the Piranha load balancing software to allow for transparent load balancing and failover between servers. The application being balanced does not require special configuration to be balanced, instead a Red Hat Enterprise Linux server with the load balancer configured, intercepts and routes traffic based on metrics/rules set on the load balancer.
Support and product life-cycle
Red Hat cluster suite support is tied to a matching version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux and follows the same maintenance policy. The product has no activation, time limit or remote kill switch, it will remain working after the support life cycle has ended. It is partially supported running under VMware Virtual Machine.
The cluster suite is available in:
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.x, 4.x, 5.x - with supported Global File System (v1.x) as a filesystem
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.3 and later - with Global File System 2
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0 and later
The load balancing software is a fork of the open source Piranha load balancing software.
- "Can I run Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 AP Cluster Suite on VMWare?". July 17, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
- "Chapter 1. GFS Overview". Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5. Red Hat. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- "Chapter 1. GFS2 Overview". Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Red Hat. Retrieved 2012-04-02.