Redmarshall

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Redmarshall
Redmarshall is located in County Durham
Redmarshall
Redmarshall
 Redmarshall shown within County Durham
Population 354 (2008/9) [1]
OS grid reference SU748232
Civil parish Stockton-on-Tees
Unitary authority Stockton-on-Tees
Ceremonial county County Durham
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Stockton-on-Tees
Postcode district TS21
Dialling code 01642
Police Cleveland
Fire Cleveland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Stockton South
List of places
UK
England
County Durham

Coordinates: 54°35′02″N 1°24′05″W / 54.5838°N 1.4013°W / 54.5838; -1.4013

Redmarshall is a village and civil parish in the borough of Stockton-on-Tees and ceremonial county of County Durham, England.[2] Redmarshall is situated to the west of Stockton-on-Tees, the Village is also located just north of the A66 road which is one of the main Trunk routes in, out and through Teesside. It is home to the Church of Saint Cuthbert, the pub which is The Ship and several businesses set up from homes, such as Flavell welding and a Garage.[3] It has a green in the centre and roads such as Church Lane, Coniston Crescent and Windermere avenue, all named after waters in the Lake district Ferguson Way [4] is the newest addition to the village and opposite the Church, a small basketball court can be found. A nature reserve is a short way out of the village and down a bank past Ferguson Way. There is an annual fete held In the village.[5]

History[edit]

Redmarshall was founded in the first half of the twentieth century and was one of the smallest villages in County Durham up until development and construction started in the first half of the 19th century.[6] Redmarshall is now home to 350 people living in 130 households.[1] Redmarshall has its origins as a farming community over hundreds of years, however, today only a two of the original 4 farms survive with the most resent of the two lost being turned into a care home for the elderly.[6] Redmarshall acquired it’s name from the Reed Marshes and bogs that exist in the area.

Census and Population[edit]

Employment based on 1831 data
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 228 —    
1811 223 −2.2%
1821 264 +18.4%
1831 335 +26.9%
1841 272 −18.8%
1851 332 +22.1%
1861 91 −72.6%
1871 78 −14.3%
1881 55 −29.5%
1891 55 +0.0%
1901 75 +36.4%
1911 87 +16.0%
1921 105 +20.7%
1931 116 +10.5%

The Census is a country wide data retrial devise that allows the government to see and control where funding is needed most. The data is available for public use and distribution and is carried out every 10 years.[7] This image shoes the Social Status, based on 1831 occupations. We can see that this rural area was largely made up of servants and manual laborers (as shown in green.) The employers would have largely have been the farm (of which there were 4 at this time.) The 1831 census provides information, down to parish-level, the data however only shows the occupations of males aged over 20.[8]

Church[edit]

Redmarshall is home to St Cuthbert Church, names so in honour of St. Cuthbert an Anglo-Saxon monk and bishop.[9] St Cuthbert is one of six churches, that come together to form the Stockton Deanery in the diocese of Durham. The churches are all of Anglican descent and form the local parish. St Cuthbert is a Grade one listed building built in the late twelfth century.[10] The current Church building is situated on the same site as the predeceasing Saxon church, which is notable for St Cuthbert’s body having rested here on its long wandering journey before finally being laid to rest at Durham Cathedral. The building is made largely of local stone. An escape tunnel ran from Redmarshall church to Castle Hill at Bishopton also contracted in the twelfth century.[11] The Church Fete is a long running Village tradition that used to be held in the grounds of local houses and also the village pub, the Ship, however resent years it has been held on the village green. The Fete is held yearly and is in aid of ST Cuthbert's Church. For the previous four years the event has been held on the village green in Redmarshall, on the last Sunday in August as 2pm. There will be a tombola, raffle, stalls, games and afternoon teas. In 2012 the date will be 26 August.[5]

Government[edit]

Redmarshall Parish Council meets at 18:30 in the Methodist Chapel Schoolroom, on the second Monday in every month (except August).[12] Redmarshall is also belongs to the North Township division (A division of a county with some corporate powers) and lies in the Stockton-on-Tees district. Local electoral results can be seen in the is a local news paper is called Evening Gazette and is published once a week on a Wednesday.[13]

Education[edit]

Redmarshall once had a primary school located within the village, however it was closed and later demolished through lack of students. The sight along Church Lane in Redmarshall now has a bungalow situated on it. Opposite to the bungalow is a nursing home, which was one of the original farms in Redmarshall.[14] The nearest Primary school is now located less than one mile away in Bishopton, which is larger than Redmarshall and is school to 72 pupils, 31 girls and 41 boys ages from 4 to 11. The school is a C of School and has an overall ofsed rating of 2. [15] The nearest private primary school is Red House School in Norton 3.6 miles away from Redmarshall. They take both male and female students from 3 to 16.[16] The village never had a secndy school, and the nearst public school is over 3 miles away, Sedgefield Community College a Specialist Sports College, school to 851 students.[17] Polam Hall School is a primary to 6th form education that is most well known for its outstanding secondary school level results. The School is 8.7 miles from Redmarshall and takes both males and female students from 3 to 18 years of age. [18] There are a number of local Colleges and further education schemes. Stockton Sixth Form College is located only 4.5 miles away from Redmarshall. The closet university is Durham University. [19]

Public house[edit]

The Ship is approximately 260 years old, located in Redmarshall. It is a five-minute drive from Stockton On Tees and approximately 15 minutes from Darlington. The pub is called the ship as it was originally built from the timbers of ships that floundered off the River Tees. The pub has recently changed hands to the new owners Steve & Jean I'Anson .In April 2014 the Ship was re furbished to a very high standard in a design which embraces its name. The Village Fete has now returned to the ship and this year is to be held on June 1, 2014. You can visit the ships website at theshipredmarshall.co.uk

Nursing home[edit]

The Mains nursing home in Redmarshall is a privately owned nursing home for elderly residents. The home owned and managed by Mr P G & Mrs T M Dowell and is for older people with physical difficulties and registered in 1988. The home is located in the rural location within walking distance of (250 yards) of the local bus stop and can host up to 31 residents with 23 single and 4 shared rooms (23 en suite).[20]

Transport in and around Redmarshall[edit]

No. 6 Bus Service The first bus on weekdays runs to Stockton at 06.55, 7.55, etc. until 18.55).[21] Middleborough railway station is the nearest, it is about 7.99miles from Redmarsahll and will take around three and a half hours to get to London. Redmarshall used to have a village railway station in the late 19th century, it however was renamed ‘Carlton’ railway station and then later closed through lack of use early into the 20th century.[22]

Additional Information[edit]

Facility Present (Yes/No)
Public Phone Box Yes
Public House Yes
Village Green Yes
Village Shop No
Village Hall No
Recreational area Yes
Post Box Yes
Areas of outstanding natural beauty Yes

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parish Headcounts, Area: Redmarshall CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  2. ^ "Stockton Gov". Stockton Gov. Retrieved 15 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Flavell Welding". Favell Welding. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Zoopla". Zoopler Housing. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Gazetteer Teaside". Gazzete. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "Darlington History, Redmarshall". Redmarshall History permission. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Census UK". Census UK. Retrieved 7 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Redmarshall Social Status, based on 1831 occupational statistics". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "British History". British History. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "British Middlesbrough". Redmarshall History. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "English Heritage". English Heritage. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Redmarshall Parish Council". Redmarshall Parish Council. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Redmarshall Parish Council". Redmarshall Parish Council. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Cofe Primary School". Cofe Primary School. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Education.gov.uk". Education.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "Red House School". Red House School. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  17. ^ "Sedgefield Community College". Sedgefield Community College. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  18. ^ "Polam Hall". Polem Hall. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "Stockton Sixth Form College". Stockton Sixth Form College. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  20. ^ "The Mains Nursing home". The Mains nursing Home. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "Arrival Bus". Arrival Bus. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  22. ^ "Hidden Teesside". Hidden Teesside. Retrieved 12 March 2012.