Senarica

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Senarica
Frazione
Senarica is located in Italy
Senarica
Senarica
Location of Senarica in Italy
Coordinates: 42°32′51″N 13°30′50″E / 42.54750°N 13.51389°E / 42.54750; 13.51389Coordinates: 42°32′51″N 13°30′50″E / 42.54750°N 13.51389°E / 42.54750; 13.51389
Country  Italy
Region  Abruzzo
Province Teramo (TE)
Comune Crognaleto
Population
 • Total 300
Demonym
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website Official website
Senarica Republic
Repubblica di Senarica
Microstate

1343–late 18th century


Flag

Capital Not specified
Languages Italian
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Republic
Historical era Early Modern
 -  Established 1343
 -  Disestablished late 18th century

Senarica is a village in the Abruzzo region of central Italy. With a population of fewer than 300 people, Senarica was an independent republic for about four centuries until the end of the eighteenth century. It was the smallest state to maintain an independent status for that long, although now it is a frazione of the comune of Crognaleto.

Geography[edit]

It lies west of Teramo city, in the province of Teramo.

History[edit]

Senàrica and the neighbouring village Poggio Umbricchio became independent in circa 1343, when Queen Giovanna I of Angiò granted the area independence because of the inhabitants' fierce opposition against the enemy troops of Milan under Lord Luchino I Visconti's relative Ambrogio Visconti. Impressed by the splendor of the dogal Republic of Venice, Senàrica rulers adopted a similar republican government, with an elected doge as head of state.

Its coat of arms was a black shield with a silver lion (as the symbol of the state) fetching a snake of the same colour. These arms appeared on a gold gonfalon and on the seal as well. In the village's cathedral is still visible a reproduction of the lion, which in this particular image is topped by a crown.

Surname[edit]

Senarica is also a family name. One member of the family is the minor Italian actor Piero Senarica.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Senarica at Wikimedia Commons