|• Total||4.99 km2 (1.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||721 m (2,365 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Balgach (SG), Heiden, Marbach (SG), Oberegg (AI), Rebstein (SG)|
Reute was created due to the division of Appenzell in the wake of the Reformation. Some communities were left in the old faith, others turned themselves to the new faith. When the canton of Appenzell was divided in 1597 into a Catholic and a Protestant part of the canton, the Catholic majority of Hirschberg wanted to stay with Innerrhoden, while the Protestant minority wanted to go to Ausserrhoden. In the division of Appenzell (known as the Landteilungsbrief, literally Land division letter or treaty), the land owned by the Protestants was separated from Hirschberg and given to the Protestant Ausserrhoden, where it became the municipality of Reute. Catholic Hirschberg became part of the Ausserrhoden municipality of Oberegg.
Reute is divided into three districts which are individual hamlets: Mohren (110 people), Reute (190 people) and Schachen (390 people). The church is more than 300 years old.
Reute has a population (as of 2008[update]) of 679, of which about 10.3% are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -3.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (97.3%), with Albanian being second most common ( 1.0%) and French being third ( 0.4%).
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 51.3% male and 48.7% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Reute is; 47 people or 6.6% of the population are between 0–6 years old. 105 people or 14.7% are 6-15, and 34 people or 4.7% are 16-19. Of the adult population, 28 people or 3.9% of the population are between 20–24 years old. 206 people or 28.8% are 25-44, and 157 people or 21.9% are 45-64. The senior population distribution is 98 people or 13.7% of the population are between 65–79 years old, and 41 people or 5.7% are over 80.
Reute has an unemployment rate of 1.47%. As of 2005[update], there were 35 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 16 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 10 businesses in this sector. 142 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 31 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
- Handbuch der historischen Stätten. Schweiz und Liechtenstein. pg. 452, Article Oberegg (German)
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 16-Sep-2009
- Brief Statistics for the half-canton (German) accessed 15 September 2009
- Appenzell Outer Rhodes website (German) accessed 15 September 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reute.|
- Official Page (German)
- Reute in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.