Rex Ingram (director)
- For the African-American actor of the same name, see Rex Ingram (actor) (1895–1969).
|Born||Reginald Ingram Montgomery Hitchcock
January 15, 1892
|Died||July 21, 1950
North Hollywood, California
|Occupation||Hollywood film director, producer, writer and actor|
Fox Film Corporation
|Known for||Broken Fetters (1916)
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921)
The Conquering Power (1921)
The Prisoner of Zenda (1922)
Trifling Women (1922)
Where the Pavement Ends (1923)
The Arab (1924)
Mare Nostrum (1926)
The Magician (1926)
The Garden of Allah (1927)
The Three Passions (1929)
|Spouse(s)||Doris Pawn (m. 1917–20)
Alice Terry (m. 1921–50)
|Honors||Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1651 Vine Street|
Rex Ingram (January 15, 1892 – July 21, 1950), born Reginald Ingram Montgomery Hitchcock, was an Irish film director, producer, writer and actor. Director Erich von Stroheim once called him "the world's greatest director."
Born Reginald Ingram Montgomery Hitchcock in Dublin, Ireland, he was educated at Saint Columba's College, near Rathfarnham, County Dublin. He spent much of his adolescence living in the Old Rectory, Kinnitty, Birr, County Offaly where his father was the Church of Ireland rector. He emigrated to the United States in 1911. His brother Francis Clere Hitchcock went on to join the British army and fought during World War I where he was awarded the Military Cross and rose to the rank of Colonel.
Ingram studied sculpture at the Yale University School of Art, where he contributed to campus humor magazine The Yale Record. He soon moved into film, first taking acting work from 1913 and then writing, producing and directing. His first work as producer-director was in 1916 on the romantic drama The Great Problem. He worked for Edison Studios, Fox Film Corporation, Vitagraph Studios, and then MGM, directing mainly action or supernatural films. In 1920, he moved to Metro, where he was under supervision of executive June Mathis. Mathis and Ingram would go on to make four films together, Hearts are Trump, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, The Conquering Power, and Turn to the Right. It is believed the two were romantically involved. Ingram and Mathis had begun to grow distant when her new find, Rudolph Valentino, began to overshadow his own fame. Their relationship ended when Ingram eloped with Alice Terry in 1921.
He married twice, first to actress Doris Pawn in 1917; this ended in divorce in 1920. He then married Alice Terry in 1921, with whom he remained for the rest of his life. He and Terry relocated to the French Riviera in 1923. They formed a small studio in Nice and made several films on location in North Africa, Spain, and Italy for MGM and others.
Amongst those who worked for Ingram at MGM on the Riviera during this period was the young Michael Powell, who later went on to direct (with Emeric Pressburger) The Red Shoes and other classics. By Powell's own account, Ingram was a major influence on him. Ingram's influence on Powell's later work can be detected, especially in its themes in illusion, dreaming, magic and the surreal. David Lean also admitted he was deeply indebted to Ingram, and MGM studio chief Dore Schary once listed the top creative people in Hollywood as D. W. Griffith, Ingram, Cecil B. DeMille, and Erich von Stroheim (in declining order of importance).
Unimpressed with sound, Rex Ingram made only one talkie, Baroud, filmed for Gaumont British Pictures in Morocco. The film was a not a commercial success and Ingram left the film business, returning to Los Angeles to work as a sculptor and writer. Interested in Islam as early as 1927, he converted to the faith in 1933.
For his contribution to the motion picture industry he has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1651 Vine Street.
Ingram's complete filmography as a director:
- The Symphony of Souls (1-reel short subject; 1914)
- The Great Problem (1916)
- Broken Fetters (1916)
- The Chalice of Sorrow (1916)
- Black Orchids (1917)
- The Reward of the Faithless (1917)
- The Pulse of Life (1917)
- The Flower of Doom (1917)
- His Robe of Honour (1917)
- Humdrum Brown (1917)
- The Day She Paid (1919)
- Shore Acres (1920)
- Under Crimson Skies (1920)
- Hearts are Trumps (1920)
- The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921)
- The Conquering Power (1921)
- The Prisoner of Zenda (1922)
- Trifling Women (1922)
- Turn To The Right (1922)
- Scaramouche (1923)
- Where the Pavement Ends (1923)
- The Arab (1924)
- Mare Nostrum (1926)
- The Magician (1926)
- The Garden of Allah (1927)
- The Three Passions (1929)
- Baroud (1932)
- "Rex Ingram Dead, Film Director, 58. Screen Leader of Silent Era Credited With Discovery of Rudolph Valentino. Directed 'Four Horsemen' Handled Own Stories Scored Many Successes". New York Times. Associated Press. July 23, 1950. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
Rex Ingram, film director of the silent era, who was credited with the discovery of Rudolph Valentino, died last night of a cerebral hemorrhage after a brief illness. He was 58 years old.
- Soares, André. Beyond Paradise: The Life of Ramon Novarro. New York: Macmillan, 2002, p. 27. ISBN 0-312-28231-1
- Gmur, Leonhard (November 14, 2013). Rex Ingram: Hollywood Rebel of the Silver Screen. Germany: epubli GmbH. p. 473.
- Vanity Fair magazine September 1921, accessed 2009[dead link]
- "New British Film Company; Alastair Mackintosh Leads London Firm – Rex Ingram Is Director", New York Times May 8, 1928.
- "Rex Ingram Embracing Mohammedan Faith; Announces Abandoning Motion-Picture Field", New York Times. July 2, 1933.
- "NNDb profile". nndb.com. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rex Ingram.|
- Rex Ingram Research project on Ingram in Trinity College, Dublin
- Rex Ingram at the Internet Movie Database
- Rex Ingram profile at Virtual History