|Industry||Plumbing, heating, and cooling|
|Founded||Rheem - Richmond, California, (1930 )
Ruud - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1897 )
|Founder(s)||Richard Rheem, Donald Rheem
|Headquarters||Atlanta, Georgia, United States|
|Area served||North and South America, Australasia, Middle East|
|Products||Water heaters, air conditioners, Household furnaces|
|Divisions||Rheem, Ruud, Raypak, Prostock|
Rheem Manufacturing Company is an American privately held manufacturer that produces residential and commercial water heaters and boilers, as well as heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment. The company also produces and sells products under the Ruud brand name. It is a subsidiary of Paloma Industries. What became Rheem started in 1925 as a supplier of packaging to the petroleum industry, and is currently headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia in the United States. The company is one of the largest manufacturers of both water heating and HVAC equipment in the United States, and also produces and markets products in Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Canada, Iraq, Kuwait, Mexico, New Zealand, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, UAE, and Ukraine.
The company is named for its founders, brothers Richard and Donald Rheem. The brothers initially began manufacturing galvanized steel drums in 1925 as a co-partnership with Pacific Galvanizing Company in Emeryville, California. The Rheem Manufacturing Company was subsequently organized in 1930 and bought out Pacific Galvanizing and acquired the Republic Steel package company, which also had a plant in Richmond, California. Republic Steel made boilers and tanks, which allowed Rheem to enter the business of water heating. The company expanded overseas to Australia in 1936. The Aussie operations began making drums in 1937 and water heaters in 1939. In 1941, the company became the largest manufacturer of automatic water heaters in the United States. 1954 brought the introduction of "glass-lining", which coated the interior of a water heater tank with porcelain to extend the life of the tank. One of the most significant events came in 1956 with the introduction of "Rheemaire" central air conditioning and heater systems for homes. This eventually became one of the company's primary business areas. In 1959, Rheem purchased the Ruud Manufacturing Company.
In the 1970s, Rheem began producing Heat pumps for residential applications. The company discontinued its packaging business in 1985, ending a 60 year run making steel drums and other containers. In the same year, the company acquired Raypak, Inc., which expanded the business into swimming pool heaters as well as commercial boilers. In 1988 Rheem was acquired by Paloma Industries, Ltd., a privately held Japanese company with headquarters in Nagoya, Japan, which wished to expand globally.
Rheem was the first residential HVAC company to begin using Scroll compressors throughout their lineup in 1994, and all air conditioners and heat pumps continue to use Copeland Scroll Compressors. The company was also first to introduce a 14 SEER remote condensing unit in 1997. In 1998, the company began supplying the Home Depot with a line of GE branded water heaters. In 2009, Rheem and Ruud were the first to sell a Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater, which was more than twice as efficient as similar electric water heaters. Also in the same year, Rheem and Ruud central air conditioners were reported to have the fewest percentage of units requiring repair among all major HVAC brands according to Consumer Reports.
Rheem's market share of the central air conditioner market had ranged had been as high as 16% in the 1980s and had dropped to about 11% by 2000. By 2008, a report by the United States Department of Energy ranked the firm as fifth in the U.S. in the central air conditioner and heat pump market with a 12% market share (behind UTC/Carrier with 27%, both Goodman/Amana and American Standard/Trane with 14% and Lennox with 12%), while in the residential gas furnace market as of 2008, the company was also ranked fifth with a 12% market share (behind Carrier with 32%, Goodman with 15%, and both Lennox and Trane with 13%).
History of Ruud
Ruud was founded by Edwin Ruud, a Norwegian immigrant who lived in Pittsburgh. He developed the first automatic storage tank gas-fired water heater, which went into production in 1889. Ruud worked for George Westinghouse, but eventually bought the rights to produce the product he invented and formed his own company in 1897. In 1913, Ruud merged and absorbed the Humphrey Company of Kalamazoo, Michigan which also manufactured water heaters. The Humphrey Company had a large manufacturing operation in Kalamazoo, which Ruud continued to operate and expand. In 1954, Ruud moved all operations from Pittsburgh to Kalamazoo where they were headquartered until the purchase by Rheem.
In North America, Rheem and Ruud manufacture and sell a full line of heating and cooling products for residential and commercial applications, including up to 96% Annual fuel utilization efficiency gas furnaces, oil fired furnaces, up to 19.5 SEER Air Conditioners, Heat Pumps, Thermostats, Air handlers, Package Units, and Indoor air quality products such as media filters, UV lamps, and humidifiers. In many additional countries around the world, the companies sell numerous types of water heating equipment, including gas fired tank storage and tankless water heaters, high efficiency condensing water heaters, hybrid heat pump water heaters, and solar water heaters under the Rheem, Ruud, Richmond, Paloma, Solahart, and GE brands. Swimming pool related products include gas fired and heat pump heaters sold under the Rheem and Raypak brands. Protech replacement parts for HVAC systems are sold through the PROSTOCK retail program.
Rheem Califone manufactured A/V equipment commonly used in schools and institutions, including PA systems, reel-to-reel audio tape recorders, phonographs, as well as Combo organs. Rheem and Ruud also sold re-branded Briggs & Stratton residential Emergency power systems beginning in 2007. However, as of March 2, 2013, the companies no longer listed backup generators on their respective websites.
|Country||Location||Date Opened||Current Products||Serial Number Plant Code|
|United States||Atlanta, Georgia
||2008||Advanced Technology Integration Laboratory|
|Fort Smith, Arkansas
||1970||Gas Furnaces, Air Conditioning||F|
||2000||Raypak Swimming Pool Heaters|
|Randleman, North Carolina
||2009||Headquarters of Rheem & Ruud Canada, Distribution Center|
|Mexico||Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
||1990||Air Conditioning, Heat Pumps, Evaporator Coils, and Water Heaters||N, Q|
|Mexicali, Baja California
|Australia||Rydalmere, New South Wales
|Perth, Western Australia
|Country||Location||Date Closed||Products||Serial Number Plant Code|
|United States||Chicago, Illinois
||1990||Gas Water Heaters|
||2013||Electric Water Heaters||W|
|Kalamazoo, Michigan||1971||Gas Furnaces||K|
|New York, New York
||1954||Ruud Headquarters, Gas Water Heaters|
|Westlake Village, California
||2000||Raypak Headquarters, Pool Heaters|
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- Chapter 3. Market and Technology Assessment, United States Department of Energy. Accessed March 16, 2013.
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