Rheem

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For other uses, see Rheem (disambiguation).
Rheem Manufacturing Company
Type Private
Industry Plumbing, heating, and cooling
Founded Rheem - Richmond, California, (1930 (1930))
Ruud - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1897 (1897))
Founder(s) Richard Rheem, Donald Rheem
Edwin Ruud
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Area served North and South America, Australasia, Middle East
Products Water heaters, air conditioners, Household furnaces
Owner(s) Paloma Industries
Employees 7000[1]
Divisions Rheem, Ruud, Raypak, Prostock
Website www.rheem.com

Rheem Manufacturing Company is an American privately held manufacturer that produces residential and commercial water heaters and boilers, as well as heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment. The company also produces and sells products under the Ruud brand name. It is a subsidiary of Paloma Industries.[2] What became Rheem started in 1925 as a supplier of packaging to the petroleum industry, and is currently headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia in the United States. The company is one of the largest manufacturers of both water heating and HVAC equipment in the United States, and also produces and markets products in Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Canada, Iraq, Kuwait, Mexico, New Zealand, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, UAE, and Ukraine.[3]

History[edit]

Rheem Bennett Displacement Meter at Deer Hollow Farm at Rancho San Antonio Open Space Preserve in California

The company is named for its founders, brothers Richard and Donald Rheem. The brothers initially began manufacturing galvanized steel drums in 1925 as a co-partnership with Pacific Galvanizing Company in Emeryville, California.[4] The Rheem Manufacturing Company was subsequently organized in 1930 and bought out Pacific Galvanizing and acquired the Republic Steel package company, which also had a plant in Richmond, California. Republic Steel made boilers and tanks, which allowed Rheem to enter the business of water heating. The company expanded overseas to Australia in 1936.[5] The Aussie operations began making drums in 1937 and water heaters in 1939. In 1941, the company became the largest manufacturer of automatic water heaters in the United States. 1954 brought the introduction of "glass-lining", which coated the interior of a water heater tank with porcelain to extend the life of the tank. One of the most significant events came in 1956 with the introduction of "Rheemaire" central air conditioning and heater systems for homes. This eventually became one of the company's primary business areas. In 1959, Rheem purchased the Ruud Manufacturing Company.[6]

In the 1970s, Rheem began producing Heat pumps for residential applications. The company discontinued its packaging business in 1985, ending a 60 year run making steel drums and other containers. In the same year, the company acquired Raypak, Inc., which expanded the business into swimming pool heaters as well as commercial boilers. In 1988 Rheem was acquired by Paloma Industries, Ltd., a privately held Japanese company with headquarters in Nagoya, Japan, which wished to expand globally.[7]

Rheem was the first residential HVAC company to begin using Scroll compressors throughout their lineup in 1994, and all air conditioners and heat pumps continue to use Copeland Scroll Compressors.[4][8] The company was also first to introduce a 14 SEER remote condensing unit in 1997. In 1998, the company began supplying the Home Depot with a line of GE branded water heaters. In 2009, Rheem and Ruud were the first to sell a Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater, which was more than twice as efficient as similar electric water heaters.[9] Also in the same year, Rheem and Ruud central air conditioners were reported to have the fewest percentage of units requiring repair among all major HVAC brands according to Consumer Reports.[10]

Rheem's market share of the central air conditioner market had ranged had been as high as 16% in the 1980s and had dropped to about 11% by 2000.[11] By 2008, a report by the United States Department of Energy ranked the firm as fifth in the U.S. in the central air conditioner and heat pump market with a 12% market share (behind UTC/Carrier with 27%, both Goodman/Amana and American Standard/Trane with 14% and Lennox with 12%), while in the residential gas furnace market as of 2008, the company was also ranked fifth with a 12% market share (behind Carrier with 32%, Goodman with 15%, and both Lennox and Trane with 13%).[12]

History of Ruud[edit]

Ruud was founded by Edwin Ruud, a Norwegian immigrant who lived in Pittsburgh. He developed the first automatic storage tank gas-fired water heater, which went into production in 1889.[13] Ruud worked for George Westinghouse, but eventually bought the rights to produce the product he invented and formed his own company in 1897. In 1913, Ruud merged and absorbed the Humphrey Company of Kalamazoo, Michigan which also manufactured water heaters.[14] The Humphrey Company had a large manufacturing operation in Kalamazoo, which Ruud continued to operate and expand. In 1954, Ruud moved all operations from Pittsburgh to Kalamazoo where they were headquartered until the purchase by Rheem.[15]

Current Products[edit]

In North America, Rheem and Ruud manufacture and sell a full line of heating and cooling products for residential and commercial applications, including up to 96% Annual fuel utilization efficiency gas furnaces, oil fired furnaces, up to 19.5 SEER Air Conditioners, Heat Pumps, Thermostats, Air handlers, Package Units, and Indoor air quality products such as media filters, UV lamps, and humidifiers. In many additional countries around the world, the companies sell numerous types of water heating equipment, including gas fired tank storage and tankless water heaters, high efficiency condensing water heaters, hybrid heat pump water heaters, and solar water heaters under the Rheem, Ruud, Richmond, Paloma, Solahart, and GE brands. Swimming pool related products include gas fired and heat pump heaters sold under the Rheem and Raypak brands. Protech replacement parts for HVAC systems are sold through the PROSTOCK retail program.

Former divisions[edit]

Rheem Califone manufactured A/V equipment under the Rheem, Califone, and Roberts brands commonly used in schools and institutions, including PA systems, reel-to-reel audio tape recorders, phonographs, as well as Combo organs.[16][17][18] Rheem and Ruud also sold re-branded Briggs & Stratton residential Emergency power systems beginning in 2007.[19] However, as of March 2, 2013, the companies no longer listed backup generators on their respective websites.[20]

Plant/Office Locations[edit]

All currently operating facilities are ISO 9001 certified.[21]

Country Location Date Opened Current Products Serial Number Plant Code[22]
United States Atlanta, Georgia
33°56′03″N 84°21′08″W / 33.93426°N 84.35228°W / 33.93426; -84.35228
2006 Headquarters[23]
Fishers, Indiana
39°55′58″N 86°01′38″W / 39.93275°N 86.02709°W / 39.93275; -86.02709
2008 Advanced Technology Integration Laboratory[24]
Fort Smith, Arkansas
35°19′30″N 94°23′20″W / 35.32513°N 94.38899°W / 35.32513; -94.38899
1970 Gas Furnaces, Air Conditioning F
Lewisville, Texas
33°01′06″N 96°58′07″W / 33.01842°N 96.96862°W / 33.01842; -96.96862
Distribution Center
Montgomery, Alabama
32°24′50″N 86°13′47″W / 32.41376°N 86.22967°W / 32.41376; -86.22967
1971 Water Heaters A
Oxnard, California
34°12′00″N 119°09′01″W / 34.20011°N 119.15019°W / 34.20011; -119.15019
2000 Raypak Swimming Pool Heaters
Randleman, North Carolina
35°49′29″N 79°50′04″W / 35.82483°N 79.83447°W / 35.82483; -79.83447
2004 Distribution Center[25]
Canada Brampton, Ontario
43°37′10″N 79°46′25″W / 43.61935°N 79.77361°W / 43.61935; -79.77361
2009 Headquarters of Rheem & Ruud Canada, Distribution Center[26]
Mexico Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
27°27′41″N 99°31′55″W / 27.4614°N 99.532°W / 27.4614; -99.532
1990 Air Conditioning, Heat Pumps, Evaporator Coils, and Water Heaters[27] N, Q
Mexicali, Baja California
32°34′27″N 115°24′37″W / 32.57417°N 115.41027°W / 32.57417; -115.41027
Water Heaters M
Australia Rydalmere, New South Wales
33°48′55″S 151°01′44″E / 33.8154°S 151.02898°E / -33.8154; 151.02898
Water Heaters
Perth, Western Australia
31°59′12″S 115°56′43″E / 31.98653°S 115.94516°E / -31.98653; 115.94516
Water Heaters

Former facilities[edit]

Country Location Date Closed Products Serial Number Plant Code
United States Chicago, Illinois
41°45′19″N 87°42′13″W / 41.7553°N 87.7037°W / 41.7553; -87.7037
1990 Gas Water Heaters
Eagan, Minnesota
44°50′38″N 93°11′11″W / 44.8438°N 93.1864°W / 44.8438; -93.1864
2013 Electric Water Heaters[28] W
Greenville, Alabama
31°50′39″N 86°37′30″W / 31.84418°N 86.62501°W / 31.84418; -86.62501
1999 Air Conditioning[29] G
Kalamazoo, Michigan 1971 Gas Furnaces K
Milledgeville, Georgia
33°06′15″N 83°15′24″W / 33.1042°N 83.2568°W / 33.1042; -83.2568
2008 Air Conditioning[30] M
New York, New York
(Chrysler Building)
2006 Headquarters[31]
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
40°26′19″N 80°00′05″W / 40.4385°N 80.0014°W / 40.4385; -80.0014
1954 Ruud Headquarters, Gas Water Heaters
Westlake Village, California
34°08′46″N 118°47′53″W / 34.1461°N 118.7980°W / 34.1461; -118.7980
2000 Raypak Headquarters, Pool Heaters[32]
Canada Hamilton, Ontario
43°15′59″N 79°52′18″W / 43.26625°N 79.87159°W / 43.26625; -79.87159
2006 Water Heaters[33] C

NASCAR[edit]

The Rheem-sponsored car of Kevin Harvick in 2013

Rheem currently sponsors Kevin Harvick in the #29 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series car, James Buescher in the #99 Nationwide Series,[34] and Cale Gale in the #33 Camping World Truck Series.[35][36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rheem to move 250 jobs to Mexico (Updated) | Business, Political, and Cultural News in Fort Smith and Northwest Arkansas". Thecitywire.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  2. ^ "Paloma Tankless Water Heaters > Paloma USA > About Paloma". Palomatankless.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  3. ^ "Distributors | Rheem Middle East/ Africa". Rheem-mea.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  4. ^ a b http://ashraemadison.org/downloads/Company_Histories/rheem_history.pdf
  5. ^ "Company Profile". Rheem. 1936-11-26. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  6. ^ "About Rheem Manufacturing Company". Rheem.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  7. ^ "Paloma Corporate Brochure". palomaglobal.com. Retrieved 2013-10-22. 
  8. ^ "Rheem, Scroll Compressors, Copeland, Heat pumps, Air Conditioners". Hannabery.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  9. ^ http://archive.oreilly-depalma.com/pr09/rh0920/hpwh-gorman.html
  10. ^ "Cooling your home", Consumer Reports Magazine, July 2009: 42 
  11. ^ Biesen, Erin. "Rheem Air Conditioning; Turning a New Leaf", Appliance magazine, November 2005. Accessed March 16, 2013. "Rheem was not as strong or competitive as it had once been. In the mid-1980s, Rheem held a 16-percent market share and a complete product line. Its market share declined to 11 percent, with numerous product line gaps, by 2000."
  12. ^ Chapter 3. Market and Technology Assessment, United States Department of Energy. Accessed March 16, 2013.
  13. ^ "About Ruud Products". Ruud.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  14. ^ The Heating and Ventilating Magazine - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  15. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=0ZVRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=mmoDAAAAIBAJ&pg=1251%2C2543279
  16. ^ "Combo Organ Heaven: Rheem". Combo-organ.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  17. ^ "Rheem-Califone "New Yorker" classroom record player • PhonoLand". Phonoland.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  18. ^ "Califone AV series solid state 70-TF R-Player Rheem Manufact" (in German). Radiomuseum.org. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  19. ^ http://rermag.com/supply-side-1/briggs-stratton-provide-standby-power-units-rheem
  20. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20130302230137/http://www.rheem.com/ & http://web.archive.org/web/20130202143717/http://www.rheem.com/
  21. ^ "About Rheem Manufacturing Company". Rheem.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  22. ^ Building Intelligence Center. "Rheem® – How to determine the age or manufacture date | Building Intelligence Center". Buildingcenter.org. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  23. ^ "Rheem moving HQ from N.Y. to Atlanta - Atlanta Business Chronicle". Bizjournals.com. 2006-08-14. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  24. ^ "Rheem News - Rheem Opens Advanced Technology Integration Lab". Rheem.com. 2011-09-20. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  25. ^ http://www2.nccommerce.com/eclipsfiles/12064.pdf
  26. ^ Kelly, Kate (2009-06-30). "Rheem Canada Consolidates Business Units Under One Roof | Archive content from". Contracting Business. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  27. ^ "Rheem continues with production shift to Mexico | Business, Political, and Cultural News in Fort Smith and Northwest Arkansas". Thecitywire.com. 2011-06-23. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  28. ^ Welbesjwelbes, John. "Eagan water heater plant to shut down next year". TwinCities.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  29. ^ Brown, Andy (2013-04-30). "City transfers facility to IDB". The Greenville Advocate. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  30. ^ Manley, Rodney (2009-02-20). "Rheem shifts plans, will shut down Milledgeville plant | Business". Macon.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  31. ^ "Rheem Pledges Support to the American Red Cross for Superstorm Sandy Relief Efforts". Prweb.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  32. ^ http://docs.newsbank.com.webproxy3.columbuslibrary.org/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:AWNB:LANB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=0EF80F48051ABD68&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0D0CB5DC08821100
  33. ^ "Hamilton's Rheem factory comes down". Thespec.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  34. ^ "Rheem Manufacturing Company Announces Primary Sponsorship of James Buescher for 2014 NASCAR Nationwide Series Season". RAB Racing. January 9, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  35. ^ "Rheem Motorsports | Kevin Harvick". Rheem-racing.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  36. ^ "Rheem Motorsports | Cale Gale". Rheem-racing.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 

External links[edit]