Richard Farrant

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Richard Farrant (c. 1525 – November 30, 1580) was an English composer. Like many composers of his day, the early years of Farrant's life are not well documented. The first acknowledgment of him is in a list of the Gentleman of the Chapel Royal in 1552.[1] It is assumed from that list that his birth was around 1525. Although, that cannot be accurately determined. During his life he was able to establish himself as a successful composer, develop the English drama considerably, founded the first Blackfriars Theatre, and be the first to write verse-anthems.[2] He married Anne Bower, daughter of Richard Bower who was Master of the Chapel Royal choristers at the time. With Anne he conceived ten children, one of whom was also named Richard.

Work with Royalty[edit]

As a member of the Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, Farrant was active in ceremonies surrounding the royal family. He began his work with the Chapel Royal around 1550[3] under the reign of Edward VI. Fortunately, for Farrant, this is a time that saw huge developments in Latin Church Music.[4] Composers like William Byrd and Christopher Tye were busy expanding and elaborating on the Church Music of the day.[5] In Farrant's twelve years with the Chapel Royal, he was able to participate in funerals for Edward VI and Mary I, and coronations for Mary I and Elizabeth I. After his work there, he took up a post as organist at St. George’s Chapel at Windsor.[6]

Postings[edit]

For Farrant, the post at Windsor became a permanent one that he retained for the rest of his life. Along with this, he also acquired the position of Master of the Chapel Royal choristers in November of 1569.[7] Having the choirs of both of these institutions at his disposal gave him an outlet to showcase all of his compositions and plays. In fact, every winter he was able to produce a play for the Queen herself. These positions also allowed him to move back to London in 1576 and begin a public theater of sorts where he rehearsed some of his choir music openly. It was soon after, in 1580, that he died, having left his house to his wife.[8]

Important Contributions[edit]

Conjectural reconstruction of the second Blackfriars Theatre.

Unlike many composers of his day that stuck to only music composition, Farrant also wrote many plays. One of his most important contributions to drama in England is of course the creation of the first Blackfriars Theatre.[9] This eventually became one of the most important places in London for drama to develop during the Renaissance. Farrant is also one of the earliest and most well known composers that began to mix the two mediums of music and drama. It was this uncommon mixture that allowed him to begin to develop the composition style of 'verse.' This becomes prominent in a lot of his pieces including the anthems When as we sat in Babylon, Call to remembrance and Hide not thou thy face.[10]

Works[edit]

Because of the time gap, many of Farrant's works are only known because of careful documentation or brief mention from other documents.[11][12]

Compositions[edit]

  • Ah, alas, You Salt Sea Gods
  • Call to Remembrance
  • Hide Not Thou Thy Face
  • Lord, for Thy Tender Mercy's Sake
  • Magnificat & Nunc Dimittis
  • O Jove, from Stately Throne
  • O Sacrum Convivium
  • Single Chant in F Major
  • Felix Namque
  • Voluntarye

Dramatic Works[edit]

  • Ajax and Ulysses
  • Quintus Fabius
  • The History of Mutius Scevola
  • Xerxes
  • The History of Loyaltie and Bewtie
  • The History of Alucius
  • Orestes
  • Panthea and Abradatas

References[edit]

  1. ^ Huray, Peter Le and John Morehen. "Farrant, Richard." In Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed November 11, 2013. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/09332.
  2. ^ Flood, W. H. Grattan. "New Light on Late Tudor Composers: IV. Richard Farrant." The Musical Times vol. 65, no. 981 (Nov. 1, 1924): 989. http://www.jstor.org/stable/911576.
  3. ^ Flood, “New Light on Late Tudor Composers: IV. Richard Farrant,” in The Musical Times.
  4. ^ Benham, Hugh. “Latin Church Music under Edward VI.” The Musical Times vol. 116, no. 1587 (May, 1975): 477-478+480.http://www.jstor.org/stable/959422.
  5. ^ Turbet, Richard. “The Great Service: Byrd, Tomkins and Their Contemporaries, and the Meaning of 'Great.'” The Musical Times vol. 131, no. 1767 (May, 1990): 275+277.http://www.jstor.org/stable/966168.
  6. ^ Huray and Morehen, “Farrant, Richard,” In Grove Music Online.
  7. ^ Huray and Morehen, “Farrant, Richard,” In Grove Music Online.
  8. ^ Huray and Morehen, “Farrant, Richard,” In Grove Music Online.
  9. ^ Flood, “New Light on Late Tudor Composers: IV. Richard Farrant,” in The Musical Times.
  10. ^ Huray and Morehen, “Farrant, Richard,” In Grove Music Online.
  11. ^ Flood, “New Light on Late Tudor Composers: IV. Richard Farrant,” in The Musical Times.
  12. ^ Huray and Morehen, “Farrant, Richard,” In Grove Music Online.