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A Chapel Royal is a body of priests and singers who serve the spiritual needs of their sovereign wherever they are called upon to do so.
The Royal Court Boys Choir was subsidised by the Royal Private School.
Following the collapse of the monarchy the Choir, part of the Hofkapelle (court musicians), was closed in 1920. In 1924 the Royal Court Choir was reinstated as the Vienna Boys Choir and permanently settled in the Royal Court Chapel. After 1926 to consolidate the financial position of the Vienna Boys Choir the Royal Court Chapel organised a wide range of singing engagements outside their own programme. The Choir remains in world-wide demand to the present day.
Choir of the Chapel Royal, Copenhagen.
The Chapel Royal is a department of the Ecclesiastical Household of the monarch formally known as the royal Free Chapel of the Household. The household is further divided into two parts: an ecclesiastical household each for Scotland and England, belonging to the Church of Scotland and the Church of England, respectively. According to the 2011 Church of England Yearbook, the Chapel Royal is the body of clergy, singers and vestry officers appointed to serve the spiritual needs of the Sovereign.
Emerging as a distinct body in the late 13th century— dating from 1483 as presently constituted, and first establishing the office of Dean of the Chapel Royal in 1312— the Chapel Royal formerly had no official base, but travelled, like the rest of the court, with the monarch and held services wherever he or she was residing at the time, until James VI commissioned William Schaw to build a new Chapel Royal at Stirling Castle in 1594. The Italianate building was used for the christening of James's son, Prince Henry. In the 17th century the chapel had its own building in Whitehall, which burned down in 1698; since 1702 it has been based at St James's Palace.
The chapel's choir, known as the Children of the Chapel Royal, achieved its greatest eminence during the reign of Elizabeth I, when William Byrd and Thomas Tallis were joint organists. The Master of the Children had, until at least 1684, the power to "press-gang" promising boy trebles from provincial choirs for service in the chapel; until 1626 the boy choristers also acted in productions of plays at court. Because women were not permitted to perform in public, in the 18th century the choristers sang the soprano parts in performances of Handel's oratorios and other works. Under Charles II, the choir was often augmented by violinists from the royal band; at various times the chapel has also employed composers, lutenists and viol players.
The Chapel Royal refers not to a building but to an establishment in the Royal Household; a body of priests and singers to explicitly serve the spiritual needs of the sovereign. The term is also, however, applied to those buildings used as chapels by the priests and singers of the Chapel Royal for the performance of their duties. The two currently regularly used British Chapels Royal are located in St. James's Palace in London: the Chapel Royal and the Queen's Chapel. Since such establishments are outside the usual diocesan structure, they are classified as royal peculiars. Both Scotland and England have distinct Deans of the Chapel Royal, that of England being held since 1748 by the sitting Bishop of London, while daily control is vested in the Sub-Dean, presently the Rev'd Prebendary William S. Scott, who is also Domestic Chaplain to the sovereign at Buckingham Palace.
The Chapels Royal are served by a choir, six Gentlemen-in-Ordinary and ten Children of the Chapel— all boys— and by a small number of Priests-in-Ordinary and Deputy Priests-in-Ordinary, appointed to assist the Sub-Dean on an occasional basis. The current organist, choirmaster, and composer of the British Chapel Royal is Andrew Gant, who is assisted by a sub organist. The Chapel Royal occupies a number of buildings.
The Chapel Royal conducts the Service of Remembrance at the Cenotaph in Whitehall and combines with the choir of the host abbey or cathedral on Royal Maundy.
The Chapel Royal St James's Palace
This building has been used regularly since 1702 and is the most commonly used facility today. Located in the main block of St. James's Palace it was built circa 1540 and altered since, most notably by Sir Robert Smirke in 1837. The large window to the right of the palace gatehouse is in the north wall of this chapel which is laid out on a north-south rather than the usual east-west axis. Its ceiling richly decorated with royal initials and coats of arms is said to have painted by Holbein.
The separate Queen's Chapel once also part of the St. James's Palace compound was built between 1623 and 1625 as a Roman Catholic chapel, at a time when the construction of Catholic churches was prohibited in England, for Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I. From the 1690s it was used by Continental Protestant courtiers and became known as the German chapel. After the adjacent apartments burnt down in 1809 they were not replaced, and in 1856-57 Marlborough Road was built between the palace and the chapel.
Hampton Court Palace
At the daughter Chapel Royal at Hampton Court Palace a Choral Foundation was registered as a charity in 2011 with an appeal for funds 'to preserve its historic tradition of sacred music from Tudor times to the twenty-first century at the present high standard of excellence.' The aim is to raise £1 million to provide bursaries for Choristers to help them with the cost of instrumental or vocal tuition; to encourage schools near Hampton Court Palace to promote choral music and organ music with the help of the Chapel Royal; and to make the musical establishment of the Chapel Royal financially independent of the Privy Purse Charitable Trust and of the income from collections at services in the Chapel Royal.
Brighton was home to a former Chapel Royal which, until 2010, was a chapel of ease to the city's parish church, the Church of St. Peter; it is now a parish church in its own right. Another one existed at Dublin Castle prior to Ireland's adoption of a republican status.
Two sanctuaries in Canada have the title of Chapel Royal, both of them having historic ties both to the Crown and to First Nations peoples.
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The musical establishment attached to the royal chapel of the French kings, the Chapel Royal was founded in the time of the Merovingian kings and reached its zenith under the Old Regime. Under the direction of a clergyman, the Master of the Chapel, the staff included undermasters in charge of rehearsals and the composition of royal masses, an organist, cornetists and around thirty singers and choristers, as well as masters who taught music to the children.
The establishment grew during the reign of Louis XIV to include castrati and women, and the many instruments needed to perform motets. By the death of King Louis XIV, in 1715, the Chapel Royal had a total of 110 singers (sopranos, castrati, haute-contres, tenors, baritones and bass) and 20 instrumentalists (violin and viola, bass violin, theorbo, flute, oboe, bass cromorne, serpent and bassoon)
Chapelle du château de Versailles
There are several chapels in Spain designated by the sovereign as chapels royal (Spanish: Capilla Real), including the Royal Chapel at the Royal Palace of Madrid and the Royal Chapel of Granada. Formerly, the Flemish chapel was used separately by the Spanish kings and queens (who also ruled parts of the Low Countries in the 16th century) through the reigns of Charles V, Philip II, Philip III, and Philip IV, until 1637, when it was merged into the capilla real española.
The Royal Chapel, Stockholm.
- Anglican church music
- Gentlemen of the Chapel Royal
- Religion in Canada
- Religion in the United Kingdom
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- Ruiz-Jiménez, Juan (2001). "The Mid-Sixteenth-Century Franco-Flemish Chanson in Spain. The Evidence of Ms. 975 of the Manuel de Falla Library". Tijdschrift van de Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis (Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis) 51 (1): 25. JSTOR 939226.
- "Sweden". Royalcourt.se. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
- "London (i), §II, 1: Music at court: The Chapel Royal", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 16 September 2004), Grovemusic.com
- The Buildings of England, London 6: Westminster (2003) page 587.
- "Blow, John." Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 13 December 2006), Grovemusic.com
- "Purcell." Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 13 December 2006), Grovemusic.com
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- Her Majesty's 2010 Christmas message from the Chapel Royal Hampton Court
- Website of the British monarchy entry for Chapels Royal
- Chapel Royal of Hampton Court Palace
- Choral Connections
- Friends of Blackburn Cathedral